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Fir Ol nEchmacht

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Fir Ol nEchmacht was the name of a group or race of people living in pre-historic Ireland. The name may be translated as "men (Fir) of the race/people (Ol, possibly Dal?) of Echmacht" (Echmacht being the given name of the people, perhaps from ech, "horse," and macht, "death/wonderful/across the sea").[1] Some scholars believe they are connected to, or the same as, the Nagnatae tribe, mentioned in Ptolemy's 2nd century AD work Geography.[2]

Virtually all of Ireland west of the Shannon was once named after them and was called Cóiced Ol nEchmacht until the early historic era (c. 5th-7th centuries).

It was only with the rise of the Connachta dynasty that the term Fir Ol nEchmacht was dropped and the province was renamed Connacht.


  1. ^ Smyth, D. (2020). Earthing the Myths: The Myths, Legends and Early History of Ireland. Ireland: Irish Academic Press.
  2. ^ T. F. O'Rahilly (1946). Early Irish History and Mythology. Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. pp. 2, 11–12.

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