Pyroteuthidae (the fire squids) is a family of squids. The family comprises two genera. Species are diurnally mesopelagic, migrating into surface waters during the night. The family is characterised by the tentacles, which have a permanent constriction and bend near the base; and photophores occurring on the tentacles, eyeballs, and viscera. Members reach mantle lengths of 23-50 mm. Paralavae of the family are common around the Hawaiian Islands, with up to 17% of collected specimens in the area belonging to Pyroteuthidae. 
- Genus Pterygioteuthis
- Genus Pyroteuthis
- John R. Bower, Michael P. Seki, Richard E. Young, Keith A. Bigelow, Jed Hirota, Pierre Flament. Cephalopod paralarvae assemblages in Hawaiian Islands waters, 14 November 2008.
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