Firearm death rates in the United States by state

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Gun-related suicides and homicides in the United States[1]
Handguns are involved in most U.S. gun homicides.[2]

This article is a list of U.S. states with firearm death rates per 100,000 population.

National statistics[edit]

In 2020, over 45,000 people in the United States (13.6 per 100,000 people) died by firearms. More than half of these people died by suicide. According to the FBI's 2020 Uniform Crime Report, the total number of murders increased by nearly one-third from 2019 to 2020. In both years, three-quarters of these murders were committed with firearms; that percentage slightly increased from 2019 (74%) to 2020 (77%).[3]

In 2017 and 2018, of all trauma-based deaths in the United States (including car crashes), firearm deaths caused the greatest loss of "years of potential life," a unit of measurement that considers each person's age at death.[4]

2020 firearm death rates by state. Map[edit]

State abbreviations on the map are explained in the table in the next section.

Firearm death rates map from CNN and CDC.[3]

2019 firearm death rates and counts by state. Table and map[edit]

Firearm death rates map. From National Center for Health Statistics.[5]

* below indicates "Crime in STATE" links.

2019 firearm death rates and counts by state.[5]
State Abbreviation Rate per 100,000 people Deaths
 Alaska * AK 24.4 179
 Mississippi * MS 24.2 710
 New Mexico * NM 22.3 471
 Wyoming * WY 22.3 133
 Alabama * AL 22.2 1076
 Louisiana * LA 22.1 1013
 Missouri * MO 20.6 1252
 South Carolina * SC 19.9 1012
 Arkansas * AR 19.3 580
 Montana * MT 19 209
 Oklahoma * OK 18.6 737
 Tennessee * TN 18.4 1270
 West Virginia * WV 16.6 300
 Georgia * GA 15.8 1695
 Nevada * NV 15.3 490
 Arizona * AZ 15.1 1136
 Kentucky * KY 14.9 682
 Colorado * CO 14.2 846
 Idaho * ID 14.2 255
 Indiana * IN 14.1 958
 Kansas * KS 13.7 403
 Ohio * OH 13.3 1578
 North Carolina * NC 13.1 1397
 South Dakota * SD 13.1 113
 Utah * UT 12.8 394
 Florida * FL 12.7 2872
 Texas * TX 12.7 3683
 Maryland * MD 12.6 757
 Oregon * OR 12.6 566
 North Dakota * ND 12.4 93
 Michigan * MI 12.1 1220
 Pennsylvania * PA 11.7 1541
 Virginia * VA 11.7 1025
 Maine ME 11.5 163
 Illinois * IL 10.8 1367
 New Hampshire NH 10.7 156
 Washington * WA 10.7 842
 Nebraska * NE 10.4 205
 Wisconsin * WI 10 604
 Delaware * DE 9.9 93
 Vermont * VT 9.3 67
 Iowa * IA 9.1 294
 Minnesota * MN 8.1 465
 California * CA 7.2 2945
 Connecticut * CT 5.3 190
 Rhode Island * RI 4.6 48
 Hawaii * HI 4.4 62
 New Jersey * NJ 4.1 368
 New York * NY 3.9 804
 Massachusetts * MA 3.4 247

Murders[edit]

This is a list of the U.S. states and the District of Columbia. The population data is the official data from the U.S. Census Bureau.[6] The murder rates and gun murder rates were calculated based on the FBI reports.[7] The official population of each state for 2010 and gun ownership rates were added for context.[8]

The gun murders in 2010 from FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program was 8,775.[9] The total number of murders from all weapons was 12,996.[9] These figures includes murders and willful manslaughters, but excludes "deaths caused by negligence, suicide, or accident" and justifiable homicides.[10] The U.S. reports a 70% conviction rate for murder prosecutions.[11]

State Population (total inhabitants) (2010) Population density (inhabitants per square mile) (2010) Murders

(total deaths) (2010)

Gun

murders (total deaths)(2010)

Gun

ownership (%)(2013)

Murders

(rate per 100,000 inhabitants)(2010)

Gun

murders (rate per 100,000 inhabitants) (2010)


Alabama 4,779,736 94.65 199 135 48.9% 4.2 2.8
Alaska 710,231 1.264 31 19 61.7% 4.4 2.7
Arizona 6,392,017 57.05 326 232 32.3% 4.5 3.6
Arkansas 2,915,918 56.43 130 93 57.9% 4.5 3.2
California 37,253,956 244.2 1,811 1,257 20.1% 4.9 3.4
Colorado 5,029,196 49.33 117 65 34.3% 2.3 1.3
Connecticut 3,574,097 741.4 131 97 16.6% 3.7 2.7
Delaware 897,934 470.7 48 38 5.2% 5.3 4.2
District of Columbia 601,723 10298 131 99 25.9% 21.8 16.5
Florida 19,687,653 360.2 987 669 32.5% 5.0 3.4
Georgia 9,920,000 165 527 376 31.6% 5.3 3.8
Hawaii 1,360,301 216.8 24 7 45.1% 1.8 0.5
Idaho 1,567,582 19.5 21 12 56.9% 1.3 0.8
Illinois 12,830,632 231.9 706 364 26.2% 5.5 2.8
Indiana 6,483,802 182.5 198 142 33.8% 3.1 2.2
Iowa 3,046,355 54.81 38 21 33.8% 1.2 0.7
Kansas 2,853,118 35.09 100 63 32.2% 3.5 2.2
Kentucky 4,339,367 110.0 180 116 42.4% 4.5 2.7
Louisiana 4,533,372 105.0 437 351 44.5% 9.6 7.7
Maine 1,328,361 43.04 24 11 22.6% 1.8 0.8
Maryland 5,773,552 606.2 424 293 20.7% 7.3 5.1
Massachusetts 6,547,629 852.1 209 118 22.6% 3.2 1.8
Michigan 9,883,640 174.8 558 413 28.8% 5.6 4.2
Minnesota 5,303,925 67.14 91 53 36.7% 1.7 1.0
Mississippi 2,967,297 63.50 165 120 42.8% 5.6 4.0
Missouri 5,988,927 87.26 419 321 27.1% 7.0 5.4
Montana 989,415 6.858 21 12 52.3% 2.1 1.2
Nebraska 1,826,341 23.97 51 32 19.8% 2.8 1.8
Nevada 2,700,551 24.80 158 84 37.5% 5.9 3.1
New Hampshire 1,316,470 147.0 13 5 14.4% 1.0 0.4
New Jersey 8,791,894 1189 363 246 11.3% 4.1 2.8
New Mexico 2,059,179 17.16 118 67 49.9% 5.7 3.3
New York 19,378,102 415.3 860 517 10.3% 4.4 2.7
North Carolina 9,535,483 200.6 445 286 28.7% 4.7 3.0
North Dakota 672,591 9.916 9 4 47.9% 1.3 0.6
Ohio 11,536,504 282.5 460 310 19.6% 4.0 2.7
Oklahoma 3,751,351 55.22 188 111 31.2% 5.0 3.0
Oregon 3,831,074 40.33 78 36 26.6% 2.0 0.9
Pennsylvania 12,702,379 285.3 646 457 27.1% 5.1 3.6
Rhode Island 1,052,567 1006 29 16 5.8% 2.8 1.5
South Carolina 4,625,364 157.1 280 207 44.4% 6.1 4.5
South Dakota 814,180 10.86 14 8 35.0% 1.7 1.0
Tennessee 6,346,105 156.6 356 219 39.4% 5.6 3.5
Texas 25,145,561 98.07 1,246 805 35.7% 5.0 3.2
Utah 2,763,885 34.30 52 22 31.9% 1.9 0.8
Vermont 625,741 67.73 7 2 28.8% 1.1 0.3
Virginia 8,001,024 207.3 369 250 29.3% 4.6 3.1
Washington 6,724,540 102.6 151 93 27.7% 2.2 1.4
West Virginia 1,852,994 77.06 55 27 54.2% 3.0 1.5
Wisconsin 5,686,986 105.2 151 97 34.7% 2.7 1.7
Wyoming 563,626 5.851 8 5 53.8% 1.4 0.9

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ CDC data:
    Data through 2016: "Guns / Firearm-related deaths". NSC.org copy of U.S. Government (CDC) data. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. December 2017. Archived from the original on August 29, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2018. (archive of actual data).
    2017 data: Howard, Jacqueline (December 13, 2018). "Gun deaths in US reach highest level in nearly 40 years, CDC data reveal". CNN. Archived from the original on December 13, 2018. (2017 CDC data)
    2018 data: "New CDC Data Show 39,740 People Died by Gun Violence in 2018". efsgv.org. January 31, 2020. Archived from the original on February 16, 2020. (2018 CDC data)
    2019 data: "A Public Health Crisis Decades in the Making" (PDF). efsgv.org. February 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 28, 2021. (2019 CDC data)
    2020 data: "Past Summary Ledgers / Gun Violence Archive 2020". GunViolenceArchive.org. Gun Violence Archive. 2021. Archived from the original on June 4, 2021. Data Sources Verified: June 08, 2021
    2021 data: "Past Summary Ledgers / Gun Violence Archive 2021". GunViolenceArchive.org. Gun Violence Archive. 2022. Archived from the original on March 25, 2022. Data Sources Verified: March 24, 2022
  2. ^ Murder Victims by Weapon, 2012–2016, Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020. (used only for 2012 and 2013 data)
    Murder Victims by Weapon, 2014–2018, Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Archived from the original on January 18, 2020.
    Murder Victims by Weapon, 2015–2019, Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Program. Archived from the original on November 22, 2020.
  3. ^ a b States with weaker gun laws have higher rates of firearm related homicides and suicides, study finds. By Emma Tucker and Priya Krishnakumar, CNN, Jan 20, 2022.
  4. ^ Ahmed, Tasnim; Elamroussi, Aya (23 February 2022). "Guns overtake car crashes as leading cause of US trauma-related deaths, study says". CNN. Retrieved 2022-02-23.
  5. ^ a b Stats of the States - Firearm Mortality. National Center for Health Statistics. Part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The map legend can be clicked at the source to highlight the rate ranges on the map. Any state can be clicked for detailed demographic statistics.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census 2010 Interactive Map".
  7. ^ "Murder by State, Types of Weapons, 2010".
  8. ^ Kalesan, Bindu; Villarreal, Marcos D.; Keyes, Katherine M.; Galea, Sandro (2015-06-09). "Gun ownership and social gun culture". Injury Prevention. 22: injuryprev–2015–041586. doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041586. ISSN 1353-8047. PMC 4809774. PMID 26124073.
  9. ^ a b "Table 20". FBI.
  10. ^ "Murder". FBI.
  11. ^ "Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) - FAQ Detail". www.bjs.gov.