Firefighters Corps of Paraná State

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Firefighters Corps of Paraná State
Corpo de Bombeiros do Paraná
Brasão CBPR.PNG
Badge of CCB PMPR
Active March 23, 1912[1]
Country  Brazil
Bandeira do Paraná.svg Paraná
Type Military Firefighters
Garrison/HQ Curitiba
Nickname(s) CCB PMPR
Patron D. Pedro II
Motto(s) For a life all sacrifice is duty.
Por uma vida todo sacrifício é dever.
March March Soldado do Fogo (Soldiers of the Fire)
Anniversaries October 8, 1912
Engagements Contestado War
Revolt of 1924
Revolution of 1930
Revolution of 1932

In the State of Paraná, Brazil, the Firefighters Corps (Portuguese: Corpo de Bombeiros) is part of the structure of the Military Police of State.

The mission of the Firefighters Corps is the implementation of activities of Civil Defense, prevention and firefighting, search and rescue, and public assistance under the State of Paraná.[2] The unit is reserve troop and ancillary force of the Brazilian Army, and integrating the system public security and social protection in Brazil.[3]

Antecedents[edit]

The creation of a Firefighters Corps was suggested by Emperor in his visit to Paraná in 1880. The Municipality of Curitiba received from the D. Pedro II the amount of $500,000 for the purchase of a fire pump. However, because the amount be reduced, was acquired a small pump, inappropriate for use.

In 1882[4] was established that the Police Corps should develop training in fire fighting, to attend the capital of the Province.

Later, in 1886, the Municipality tried again to buy another pump of the Company of Apprentices Sailors (Portuguese: Companhia de Aprendizes Marinheiros) of Paranaguá city, but after being made an inspection, it was concluded that the bomb was useless.[5]

After the Proclamation of the Republic, in 1894, was authorized the creation of a Section of Firefighters in the Security Regiment;[6] which was increased to one company in 1906. But were not acquired the necessary equipment, and despite the lack of resources, the only service of fire fighting in the city of Curitiba, was conducted by German–Brazilian Society of Firefighters Volunteers (1897–1901).

German-Brazilian Firefighters Volunteers
Firefighting in Curitiba - 1897
Training of firefighting - Paranaguá

The Firefighters Corps of Paraná was established in 1912. The unit was conceived militarized as the Sapeurs-pompiers of France, and followed by model the Firefighters Corps of the Federal District, with its structure, organization and uniforms. In 1917 it was annexed to the Military Police to serve as reserve troop, and in this period the unit had active involvement in the conflicts that occurred.

After a tumultuous period of revolutions, the Federal Government decided to demilitarize the firefighters to reduce the power of state forces. The situation is reversed only with the end of the Estado Novo, after the Second World War.

Reorganization[edit]

With the promulgation of a new Constitution in 1946, the federal legislation passed to allow the firefighters once again returned to Military Police.[7] In Paraná it was to be incorporated in 1948,[8] with full autonomy technical, administrative and financial.

At that time the Firefighters Corps was organized by Sections.

  • Section of Command;
  • Section of Services;
  • Section of Band of Music;
  • And nine Sections of Firefighters, divided into detachments, called of Garrison of Fire.

1967[edit]

In the sixties years has adopted the name Groupement (Portuguese: Grupamento), corresponding roughly to a company.

1976[edit]

The Groupement has become designated as Groupement of Fire (Portuguese: Grupamento de Fogo), corresponding roughly to a battalion; divided into Subgroupement of Fire (Portuguese: Subgrupamento de Incêndio), with an effective of company; subdivided in Section of Fire Fighting (Portuguese: Seção de Combate a Incêndio), with an effective of platoon.
The Groupement of Life Guards was transformed into Groupement of Search and Rescue (Portuguese: Grupamento de Busca e Salvamento).[2]

  • 1st Groupement of Fire - Curitiba;
  • 2nd Groupement of Fire - Ponta Grossa;
  • 3rd Groupement of Fire - Londrina;
  • Groupement of Search and Rescue - Curitiba.

1994[edit]

In 1994 there was a remodeling of the structure, and the Groupement of Fire came to be called as a Groupement of Firefighters (Portuguese: Grupamento de Bombeiros). The Groupement of Search and Rescue is dissolved to form new units.[9]

Standard-bearer CCB/PMPR.
  • 1st Groupement of Firefighters - Curitiba;
  • 2nd Groupement of Firefighters - Ponta Grossa;
  • 3rd Groupement of Firefighters - Londrina;
  • 4th Groupement of Firefighters - Cascavel;
  • 5th Groupement of Firefighters - Maringá;
  • 6th Groupement of Firefighters - São José dos Pinhais;
  • 7th Groupement of Firefighters - Curitiba;
  • 8th Groupement of Firefighters - Paranaguá;
  • 9th Groupement of Firefighters - Foz do Iguaçu;
  • 1st Independent Subgroupment of Firefighters - Ivaiporã;
  • 2nd Independent Subgroupment of Firefighters - Pato Branco;
  • 3rd Independent Subgroupment of Firefighters - Francisco Beltrão;
  • 4th Independent Subgroupment of Firefighters - Apucarana;
  • 5th Independent Subgroupment of Firefighters - Guarapuava;
  • 6th Independent Subgroupment of Firefighters - Umuarama.

Fire apparatus[edit]

Historic Designations[edit]

Firefighters Officers - 1923.
  • 1912 - Firefighters Corps of Paraná State;[1]
  • 1917 - Firefighters Pontoniers Company of Paraná State;[10]
  • 1928 - Firefighters Corps of Paraná State;[11]
  • 1928 - Firefighters Company of Paraná State;[12]
  • 1931 - Sappers Pontoniers Battalion of Paraná State;[13]
  • 1932 - Firefighters Corps of Paraná State;[14]
  • 1934 - Firefighters Company of Paraná State;[15]
  • 1936 - Firefighters Corps of Municipality of Curitiba;[16]
  • 1938 - Firefighters Corps of Paraná State;[17]
  • 1948 - Firefighters Company of the Military Police of Paraná State;[8]
  • 1953 - Firefighters Corps of the Military Police of Paraná State.[18]

Uniforms[edit]

The Firefighters Corps of Paraná wear the same uniforms of the Military Police of Paraná, just adding their badges and insignias.

Uniformes CCB PR.PNG
01 & 02 - dress uniform, 03 & 04 - battledress, 05 - PPE of firefighter, 06 e 07 - lifeguard and 08 - search and rescue vest.

Stable belt[edit]

In Brazil this belt is designated like gymnastic belt (Portuguese: cinto ginástico). It is one of the most traditional items of the uniforms of the Military Firefighters Corps; which is used with few modifications, since 1887.[19] At first it was rather reinforced, made of cotton and leather, to serve as climbing harness. Today it is mild and only serves as a ceremonial item.

There are only two models of belts:

Ranks[edit]

The Firefighters Corps of Paraná has the same hierarchical classification[20] of the Brazilian Army, with another type of insignias.[21]

Colonel Lieutenant
Colonel
Major Captain First
Lieutenant
Second
Lieutenant
Aspirant Sub-Lieutenant
Insignia Cel Bombeiro.png
Insignia Ten-cel Bombeiro.png
Insignia Maj Bombeiro.png
Insignia Cap Bombeiro.png
Insignia 1 Ten Bombeiro.png
Insignia 2 Ten Bombeiro.png
Insignia Asp Bombeiro.png
Insignia Sub-ten Bombeiro.png


First
Sergeant
Second
Sergeant
Third
Sergeant
Corporal Private of
First Class
Insignia 1 Sgt Bombeiro.PNG
Insignia 2 Sgt Bombeiro.PNG
Insignia 3 Sgt Bombeiro.PNG
Insignia Cb Bombeiro.PNG
Insignia Sd Bombeiro.PNG

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Firefighters Cadets - 2009.
  1. ^ a b Law 1.133, March 23, 1912.
  2. ^ a b Law 6.774, January 8, 1976.
  3. ^ Article 144 of Constitution of Brazil.
  4. ^ Law 679–1882.
  5. ^ Report of the President of the Province of Paraná, 30 October 1886.
  6. ^ Law 124, December 21, 1894.
  7. ^ Decree-Law 8.660, January 14, 1946.
  8. ^ a b Law 155, November 25, 1948.
  9. ^ Law 10.956, December 15, 1.994.
  10. ^ Decree 473, July 9, 1917.
  11. ^ Law 2.547, March 30, 1928.
  12. ^ Decree 324, April 9, 1928.
  13. ^ Decree-Law 1.380, June 18, 1931.
  14. ^ Decree 452, February 24, 1932.
  15. ^ Decree 86, January 18, 1934.
  16. ^ Law 73, December 14, 1936.
  17. ^ Decree 7.515, October 8, 1938.
  18. ^ Law 1.130, April 9, 1953.
  19. ^ Imperial Decree 9.829, of december 31 de 1887. (in Portuguese)
  20. ^ Ordinance of the Ministry of the Army 340, October 4, 1971.
  21. ^ Decree 3,568, March 02, 2001.

Sources[edit]

  • Bombeiros do Paraná; Herbert Munhoz van Erven; Edição do author; Curitiba - 1954.