Florence-Graham, California

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Florence-Graham, California
View along Compton Avenue, August 2022
View along Compton Avenue, August 2022
Location of Florence-Graham in [Huntington park, California
Location of Florence-Graham in [Huntington park, California
Florence-Graham, California is located in the United States
Florence-Graham, California
Florence-Graham, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°58′10″N 118°14′38″W / 33.96944°N 118.24389°W / 33.96944; -118.24389Coordinates: 33°58′10″N 118°14′38″W / 33.96944°N 118.24389°W / 33.96944; -118.24389
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Area
 • Total3.580 sq mi (9.273 km2)
 • Land3.580 sq mi (9.273 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation144 ft (44 m)
Population
 • Total61,983
 • Density17,000/sq mi (6,700/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
90001
Area code323
FIPS code06-24477
GNIS feature ID2408218

Florence-Graham (locally known as Florence-Firestone)[3] is an unincorporated community in Los Angeles County. The population was 61,983 at the 2020 census,[4] down from 63,387 at the 2010 census. The census area includes separate communities of Florence, Firestone Park,[5] and Graham. It is located in the south central region of Los Angeles County. The neighboring communities are Central-Alameda, Florence, Green Meadows, Lynwood, South Gate, South Park, Vernon, Walnut Park and Watts.

Geography[edit]

Florence-Graham is located at 33°58′10″N 118°14′38″W / 33.969364°N 118.243881°W / 33.969364; -118.243881.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
196038,164
197042,89512.4%
198048,66213.4%
199057,14717.4%
200060,1975.3%
201063,3875.3%
202061,983−2.2%
source:[7]

2010[edit]

At the 2010 census Florence-Graham had a population of 63,387. The population density was 17,704.2 inhabitants per square mile (6,835.6/km2). The racial makeup of Florence-Graham was 23,896 (37.8%) white (0.7% non-Hispanic white),[8] 5,862 (9.3%) African American, 498 (0.8%) Native American, 150 (0.2%) Asian, 25 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 30,704 (48.4%) from other races, and 2,254 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 57,066 persons (90.0%).[9]

The census reported that 63,317 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 70 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and no one was institutionalized.

There were 13,900 households, 9,191 (66.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 7,058 (50.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,459 (24.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,665 (12.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,405 (10.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 84 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,178 households (8.5%) were one person and 421 (3.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 4.56. There were 12,182 families (87.6% of households); the average family size was 4.63.

The population was spread out, with 22,198 people (35.0%) under the age of 18, 7,990 people (12.6%) aged 18 to 24, 18,758 people (29.6%) aged 25 to 44, 11,020 people (17.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 3,421 people (5.4%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 26.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

There were 14,765 housing units at an average density of 4,123.9 per square mile, of the occupied units 5,101 (36.7%) were owner-occupied and 8,799 (63.3%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.5%. 25,014 people (39.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 38,303 people (60.4%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Florence-Graham had a median household income of $35,543, with 30.7% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[8]

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 60,197 people, 13,354 households, and 11,617 families in the CDP. The population density was 16,799.7 inhabitants per square mile (6,492.2/km2). There were 14,191 housing units at an average density of 3,960.4 per square mile (1,529.1/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 24.55% White, 13.14% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 56.40% from other races, and 4.73% from two or more races. 85.90%.[10] was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 13,354 households, 60.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 22.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.0% were non-families. 10.2% of households were one person, and 4.6% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 4.51 and the average family size was 4.71.

The age distribution was 40.0% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 12.4% from 45 to 64, and 4.9% 65 or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.9 males.

The median household income was $25,425 and the median family income was $25,824. Males had a median income of $19,400 versus $16,496 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $8,092. About 34.1% of families and 35.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.4% of those under age 18 and 23.6% of those ages 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Florence-Graham residents are zoned to Los Angeles Unified School District schools.

Zoned elementary schools within the CDP include:[11]

  • Russell Elementary School
  • Florence Avenue Elementary School
  • Graham Elementary School
  • Lillian St. Elementary School
  • Miramonte Elementary School
  • Parmelee Elementary School

Zoned middle schools within the CDP include:

  • Charles Drew Middle School
  • Thomas A. Edison Middle School
  • Kory Hunter Middle School

Residents are zoned to John C. Fremont High School in Los Angeles. Some sections are jointly zoned to Fremont and Jordan High School in Los Angeles.

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles operates the St. Aloysius School (PK, 1-8) and the St. Malachy School (K-8) in Florence-Graham.[12][13]

Public libraries[edit]

County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the Florence Library and the Graham Library.

The Florence Library opened in 1914 at the residence of Fred W. Cleland. On June 30, 1915, the library moved to Florence Avenue Elementary School. In 1920 the library moved to a building with a converted stable. The library moved to another location in 1924. In 1931-1932 the library moved to a storefront location. In 1964 the storefront was refurbished to mark the 50th anniversary of the library. The library moved to its current location in 1970. The library was refurbished beginning in December 2001, and it reopened in 2002.[14]

The Graham Library opened in April 1915 in a school. Two years later the library moved to a store building. In 1928 the library moved to another building. In 1938 the library moved another time. The current location was built in 1969. The library was refurbished beginning in May 2000. The library reopened in November 2001 and was rededicated on the 8th of that month. The library has murals from the Bolivian artist Mario Cespedes.[15]

Government[edit]

In the California State Legislature, Florence-Graham is in the 35th Senate District, represented by Democrat Steven Bradford, and in the 64th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Mike Gipson.[16]

In the United States House of Representatives, Florence-Graham is in California's 44th congressional district, represented by Democrat Nanette Barragán.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

Fire protection in Florence is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department[18] with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service.[19]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Century Station in Lynwood, serving the CDP.[20]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the South Health Center in Los Angeles, serving Florence Graham.[21]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Century Station in Lynwood, serving Florence in Florence-Graham.[20]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Mary M. Bethune Park, operated by the county, is within the CDP.[11][22] The park includes a baseball/softball field, a basketball court, children's play areas, a community recreation room, a gymnasium, a multi-purpose field, picnic tables and barbecue grills, a skateboard park, a swimming pool, and toilets.[22]

Franklin D. Roosevelt Park, also operated by the county, is within the CDP.[11][23] In terms of county facilities it is among the oldest; the construction of the park was authorized by President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of the Works Progress Administration projects during the Great Depression. The park has basketball courts, children's play areas, a community room, a computer center, a fitness zone, a gymnasium, picnic shelters, a senior center, a soccer field, a swimming pool, a skateboard park and tennis courts.[23]

Colonel Leon H. Washington Park, another county park, is within the CDP.[11][24] The 13.2-acre (5.3 ha) park is located on a plot of land that was formerly a lumber yard. It was named after Colonel Leon H. Washington, the founder of The Eastside Shopper (now The Sentinel). The facility has a children's play area, a community recreation center, a computer room, gymnasium, picnic areas with barbecue grills, a swimming pool, tennis courts, and toilets.[24]

The 27-acre (11 ha) Ted Watkins Memorial Park, a county park, is within the CDP.[11][25] The park, which is one of many contributions from Watts Labor Community Action Committee (WLCAC) was named after Ted Watkins, the founder of the WLCAC, in 1995. The park has lighted baseball/softball fields, a children's play area, a community recreation room, a computer lab, a gymnasium with a stage, picnic areas, a skateboard park, a soccer (football) field, a swimming pool, tennis courts, and toilets.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
  2. ^ "Florence-Graham Census Designated Place". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  3. ^ Florence-Firestone neighborhood. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  4. ^ "US Census Bureau Quickfacts". United States Census Bureau. 2021-08-12. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
  5. ^ Firestone Park community information. Hometown Locator. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  8. ^ a b "Florence-Graham CDP QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Archived from the original on 2012-07-02.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Florence-Graham CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Florence-Graham CDP, California Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
  12. ^ "St. Aloysius School Archived 2011-09-04 at the Wayback Machine." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
  13. ^ "St. Malachy School Archived 2012-03-07 at the Wayback Machine." Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
  14. ^ "Florence Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  15. ^ "Graham Library." County of Los Angeles Public Library. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  16. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  17. ^ "California's 44th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  18. ^ "Contact Us". Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Home". Care Ambulance Service. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  20. ^ a b "Century Station Archived 2010-01-17 at the Wayback Machine." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  21. ^ "Souttth SPA by Health District and City." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
  22. ^ a b "Mary M. Bethune Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
  23. ^ a b "Franklin D. Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
  24. ^ a b "Colonel Leon H. Washington Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
  25. ^ a b "Ted Watkins Memorial Park." County of Los Angeles. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.

[1]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "LA County Library". LA County Library.