Firouz Nosrat-ed-Dowleh III

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Firouz Nosrat-ed-Dowleh III
شاهزاده فیروز میرزا نصرت‌الدولهٔ فرمانفرمایان سوم
Prince Firouz Mirza Nosrat-ed-Dowleh Farman Farmaian III.JPG
Nosrat-ed-Dowleh in his youth
Foreign Minister of Iran
In office
August 1919 – March 1920
Monarch Ahmad Shah Qajar
Prime Minister Hassan Vosough od-Dowleh
Preceded by Aliqoli Ansari (Moshaver ol-Mamalek)
Succeeded by Asadollah Qadimi Navaei (Moshar os-Saltaneh)
Personal details
Born 1889
Tehran, Iran
Died 1937
Semnon, Iran
Political party Revival Party[citation needed]
Reformers' Party[1]
Relations Abdol-Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma (Father)
Children Mozaffar Firouz
Lili Firouz
Iradj Firouz
Sharoukh Firouz

Prince Firouz Nosrat-ed-Dowleh III, (c. 1889 – April 1937) GCMG (1919) was the eldest son of Prince Abdol-Hossein Farmanfarma and Princess Ezzat-ed-Dowleh Qajar. He was born around 1889 and died in April 1937. He was the grandson of his namesake, Nosrat Dowleh Firouz Mirza, and of Mozzafar-al-Din Shah Qajar through his mother, Princess Ezzat-Dowleh.

Biography[edit]

Records are unclear, but the prince is said to have been born around 1889. He was educated at the American University of Beirut and at the Sorbonne in Paris. He spoke five languages (Persian, French, English, Russian, and German) and attended Lycee Janson de Sailly in Paris and Institut Le Rosey in Switzerland. As surnames had not been established in Persia at the time of his studies in France, he registered himself as "Firouz Firouz", using his grandfather's name as his surname. Afterwards, when the Persian government made surnames mandatory by law, his father Prince Abdol-Hossein Farmanfarma picked the surname Farmanfarmaian for himself and his children. However, three of his children – Nosrat-ed-Dowleh, one of his 23 brothers (also a son of Princess Ezzat-ed-Dowleh), and one of his 12 sisters (daughter of Princess Ahshami) – held on to the surname "Firouz" and became known as Firouz Firouz, Mohammad Hossein Firouz, and Maryam Firouz, respectively.[citation needed]

Nosrat-ed-Dowleh was Minister of Foreign Affairs under Ahmad Shah Qajar; architect of the ill-fated Anglo-Persian Agreement (1919);[2] and a candidate for accession to the Qajar throne after Soltan Ahmad Shah's exile and removal. In 1921, during the coup which brought Reza Shah to power, he spent three months in the Qasr-e-Qajar jail with his father and younger brother, Abbas Mirza Salar Lashgar, while Reza Shah consolidated his power base. During his stay at the prison, which he had helped build, he often boasted about its cleanliness. Nosrat-ed-Dowleh also translated Oscar Wilde's De Profundis during this time. Following his release, he continued his public life for nine more years, serving as a member of parliament, provincial governor, minister of justice, and minister of finance.[citation needed]

In June 1930, while he was Finance Minister for Reza Shah, the Shah had him arrested for accepting a bribe in the amount of five hundred tomans (about 100 dollars today).[citation needed] This episode deeply alarmed Nosrat-ed-Dowleh's father, Abdol Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma, who warned his son to curb his extravagant princely lifestyle. The warnings were not heeded. Towards the end of 1936, Reza Shah had grown more tyrannical and unpredictable than in the past.[citation needed] Eventually, Nosrat-ed-Dowleh was arrested by the Tehran police chief, Mokhtari, and held in a Tehran prison. Despite pleas from the Farmanfarma family, he was not released, but instead transferred to a guarded house in Semnon, a village about eighty miles east of Tehran, where he was held incommunicado.[citation needed] In 1937, news returned to Nosrat-ed-Dowleh's father that his son was dead. The Shah had ordered that he be buried without any ceremonies or mention in the press.[citation needed] Abdol Hossein Mirza Farmanfarma ensured that his son was buried in the Shrine of Shah Abdol Azim, where many other leading personalities of the Qajar dynasty had been buried. Not long after Nosrat-ed-Dowleh's death, Reza Shah seized his compound.[citation needed]

It was eventually revealed that he had been killed in his room by strangulation under the supervision of a doctor named Ahmadi.[citation needed] In 1940, after Reza Shah abdicated in favour of his son, the courts found Dr. Ahmadi guilty of killing dozens of political prisoners and sentenced him to death by hanging.[citation needed] Mokhtari was sentenced to a long prison term.[citation needed]

Offspring[edit]

  • With Daftar ol-Molouk Khanoum
  • With his second wife
    • Princess Lili Firouz (1921 – 27 November 2002)
    • Prince Iradj Firouz (21 April 1922 – 28 November 1994)
    • Prince Sharoukh Firouz (1925 – )

Honors[edit]

Government positions held[edit]

  • Governor of Kerman, 1907
  • Minister of Justice (1st time), 1916–1917
  • Governor of Hamadan and Kermanshah, 1918
  • Minister of Justice (2nd time), 1918–1919
  • Minister for Foreign Affairs, 1919–1921
  • Governor-General of Fars 1923–1924
  • Minister of Justice (3rd time), 1925
  • Minister for Finance, 1927–1929
  • Deputy for Kermanshah in the 4th, 5th and 6th Majles[when?]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haddad Adel, Gholamali; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan. "Party". Political Parties: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press. p. 6. ISBN 9781908433022. 
  2. ^ Brigadier-General Sir Percy Sykes. A history of Persia, Vol. II. Macmillan 1921, page 520.