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FirstEnergy Corp.
Company typePublic
IndustryElectric Utility
FoundedNovember 7, 1997; 26 years ago (1997-11-07)
HeadquartersAkron, Ohio, U.S.
Area served
6 million customers within 65,000 square miles (170,000 km2) of Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, and New Jersey (as of June, 2012)
Key people
Brian X. Tierney, CEO [1]
ProductsElectricity generation, transmission and distribution, energy management, other energy-related services
RevenueIncrease US$12.90 billion (2023)[2]
Increase 2.162 billion (2020)[2]
Increase 1.123 billion (2023)[2]
Total assetsIncrease US$44.464 billion (2020)[2]
Total equityIncrease $7.237 billion (2020) [2]
Number of employees
12,153 (2020)[2]

FirstEnergy Corp. is an electric utility headquartered in Akron, Ohio. It was established when Ohio Edison merged with Centerior Energy in 1997. Its subsidiaries and affiliates are involved in the distribution, transmission, and generation of electricity, as well as energy management and other energy-related services. Its ten electric utility operating companies comprise one of the United States' largest investor-owned utilities, based on serving 6 million customers within a 65,000-square-mile (170,000 km2) area of Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and New York.[3] Its generation subsidiaries control more than 16,000 megawatts of capacity, and its distribution lines span over 194,000 miles. In 2018, FirstEnergy ranked 219 on the Fortune 500 list of the largest public corporations in the United States by revenue.[4]

In November 2016, FirstEnergy made the decision to exit the competitive power business, and become a fully regulated company.

On July 21, 2020, Speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives, Larry Householder, former Ohio Republican Party Chairman Matt Borges, and three others were accused of accepting $60 million in bribes from FirstEnergy in exchange for $1.3 billion worth of benefits in the form of Ohio House Bill 6,[5] as part of what became known as the Ohio nuclear bribery scandal. The stock price of the company plummeted within hours of the arrests being made. On July 22, 2021, the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Ohio announced that FirstEnergy would be fined $230 million for their part in the scandal. This was the largest criminal fine ever collected by the Southern District.[6]

Electric companies[edit]

  • Ohio Edison (northeastern Ohio)
  • Illuminating Company (northeastern Ohio)
  • Toledo Edison (northwestern Ohio)
  • Met-Ed (eastern Pennsylvania)
  • Penelec (central and northern Pennsylvania)
  • Penn Power (western Pennsylvania)
  • West Penn Power (western and central Pennsylvania)
  • Jersey Central Power & Light (eastern and northwestern New Jersey)
  • Mon Power (northern West Virginia)
  • Potomac Edison (western Maryland and West Virginia panhandle)


Ohio Edison[edit]

Ohio Edison Company (formerly OEC on the NYSE)[7] was a publicly traded holding company that began in 1930 from the consolidation of 200 electric companies. By 1950, it ended up with two utility operating companies, Pennsylvania Power and Ohio Edison. It continued in existence until 1997, when its merger with Centerior formed FirstEnergy.


  • In 1944, the Pennsylvania Power Company became a subsidiary of Ohio Edison, and is now one of the ten operating utilities.
  • In 1950, the Ohio Edison Company merged with the Ohio Public Service Company, which continued to operate under its new Ohio Edison name. It is now one of the ten FirstEnergy operating companies, and is the main power provider for northeastern Ohio outside of Cleveland itself.


Toledo Edison Company building, 1002 Delaware Avenue, Toledo, Ohio, approximately 1937

Centerior Energy Corporation (formerly CX on the NYSE) was formed in 1986 from the affiliation of two public utilities . Centerior was based in Independence, Ohio, and existed as a publicly traded holding company for ten years, until its merger with Ohio Edison formed FirstEnergy in 1997:

  • The Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company, commonly known as The Illuminating Company, was a publicly traded utility company through 1986, until it affiliated with Toledo Edison to come under the control of Centerior. Having been formed by 1929, by 1940 it had become one of ten major direct subsidiaries of North American Company, which in turn had been one of the original 12 stocks listed in the Dow Jones Industrial Average.[8] In 1978, Cleveland Electric Illuminating sought to buy Muny Light and Cleveland defaulted when bank credit was not extended without sale of the city's power company.[9] The Nuclear Regulatory Commission charged Cleveland Electric Illuminating with a series of antitrust violations.[10] It is one of three power companies serving Greater Cleveland, the others being city-owned Cleveland Public Power and Painesville Municipal Electric.
  • Toledo Edison Company (formerly TED on the NYSE) was a publicly traded utility company, until it affiliated with The Illuminating Company to form Centerior in 1986. It is the main power provider for northwestern Ohio.


General Public Utilities (formerly GPU on the NYSE) was a publicly traded utility holding company in Parsippany, New Jersey. In 1996, the company was reorganized and renamed GPU, Inc. In 1996, it formed a new division as well, GPU Energy, which became the holding company for its three utility operating companies:

  • Jersey Central Power and Light (JCP&L, serving most of central and northwestern New Jersey)
  • Pennsylvania Electric Company (Penelec, serving northern and central Pennsylvania)
  • Metropolitan Edison (Met-Ed, serving eastern and south-central Pennsylvania)

In 2001, FirstEnergy Corporation, with its four utility operating companies, merged with GPU, Inc., bringing GPU's three additional operating companies into FirstEnergy as well.

Through the 2001 acquisition of GPU, FirstEnergy also acquired:

  • MYR Group (formerly MYR on the NYSE), a subsidiary that GPU had created as a publicly traded company in the 1996 reorganization, to install and maintain utility power lines and cellular telephone communications towers.[11]

GPU is best known as the former owner of the Three Mile Island nuclear plant. In 1989, Standley H. Hoch, a former executive with General Dynamics, became the CEO of GPU. Hoch had two main goals: cut costs; and fight to repeal the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, which made it difficult for utilities to operate across state lines.[12]

Allegheny Energy[edit]

Allegheny Energy was an electric utility serving customers in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, and Maryland. Its regulated subsidiaries are West Penn Power (serving Southwestern and Central Pennsylvania), Monongahela Power (a.k.a. "Mon Power", serving Northern and Southern West Virginia), and The Potomac Edison Company (western and central Maryland, parts of eastern West Virginia, and northern Virginia). The electric generating plants are operated by subsidiary Allegheny Energy Supply Company and Monongahela Power.

Before the formation of Allegheny Energy, the holding company was known as Allegheny Power System which had the three utility operating units. The brand name Allegheny Power was used on customer bills, trucks and company equipment starting in 1996. In 1997, the company attempted to merge with Pittsburgh-based Duquesne Light Company. The merger was withdrawn by both parties and both companies did not merge. In 1999, Allegheny Power purchased the West Virginia operations of UtiliCorp United's West Virginia Power. UtiliCorp purchased Virginia Electric and Power Company's (present day Dominion Resources) West Virginia service area in 1986 and renamed the acquired service area West Virginia Power.

In February 2010, Allegheny Energy announced plans to merge with FirstEnergy. The merger was approved by stockholders of both companies, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and regulatory commissions in Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. It was finalized when the Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission approved the merger on February 24, 2011; the merger closed on February 25, 2011.[13] The merger does not include Allegheny's service area in Virginia, which was purchased in 2010 by the Shenandoah Valley Electric Cooperative and the Rappahannock Electric Cooperative.

After the merger with Allegheny Energy, FirstEnergy was the largest investor-owned electric utility in the country (based on customers served) for a short period, before the Exelon/Constellation and Duke Energy/Progress Energy mergers.[14]

FirstEnergy Formation[edit]

FirstEnergy was formed on November 7, 1997, when Ohio Edison acquired Centerior Energy and its subsidiaries for $1.6 billion in stock.[15] The company was acquired with plans for a restructuring and layoffs to cut costs.[15][16] That same month the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) initiated an investigation into the reliability of FirstEnergy's energy transmission in the context of possible plant shutdowns and prior problems with Centerior.[17]

Subsequent mergers[edit]

In 2001, FirstEnergy merged with GPU, Inc., the owner of Jersey Central Power & Light Company, Pennsylvania Electric Company (Penelec), and Metropolitan Edison Company (Met-Ed).[18]

FirstEnergy later merged with Greensburg, Pennsylvania-based Allegheny Energy in 2011.[19]

Bankruptcy of FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. and formation of Energy Harbor Corp.[edit]

On March 31, 2018, FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. filed for bankruptcy. FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. was a member of FirstEnergy Generation, LLC–itself a generation subsidiary of FirstEnergy–while FirstEnergy itself remained solvent.[20] The case is being closely watched as it could have significant implications for the U.S. power sector, as the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of Ohio has asserted its primacy over the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) relating to certain FirstEnergy Solutions FERC-regulated power purchase agreements.[21][22]

FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. filed its eighth amended bankruptcy plan on October 14, 2019. In 2020, it emerged from bankruptcy, becoming Energy Harbor Corp. (a Delaware company).[23]

Proposed power plant closures and bailout[edit]

In March, 2018, FirstEnergy announced it is closing the Perry Nuclear Generating Station and Davis–Besse Nuclear Power Station, both in Ohio, and Beaver Valley Nuclear Power Station in Pennsylvania.[24] This was followed in August 2018 with the announcement of the closure of two coal-fired plants, the W.H. Sammis Power Plant in Stratton, Ohio and the Bruce Mansfield Power Plant in Shippingport, Pennsylvania by June 2022.[25]

The LakeShore Plant in Cleveland, Ohio, as seen during winter 2013. This plant was later demolished in 2017.

However, the closure of the Perry, Davis–Besse, and Sammis plants were rescinded in July 2019 when the State of Ohio passed and signed into law a subsidy to support the Perry and Davis–Besse nuclear plants.[26]

Bribery scandal[edit]

On July 21, 2020, Speaker of the Ohio House of Representatives, Larry Householder, former Ohio Republican Party Chairman Matt Borges, and three others were accused of accepting $60 million in bribes from FirstEnergy in exchange for $1.3 billion worth of benefits in the form of Ohio House Bill 6, which increased electricity rates and provided that money as a $150 million per year bailout for the two above-mentioned nuclear plants (Perry and Davis–Besse).[5] The stock price of the company plummetted within hours of the arrests being made. FirstEnergy denied involvement in the charges.[27] State legislators quickly announced plans for a bill to repeal H.B. 6.[28][29] Several organizations called on the Ohio Attorney General to begin revoking the charter of FirstEnergy.[30]

On October 29, 2020, The Independent Review Committee of the Board of Directors of FirstEnergy Corp. announced a leadership transition, including the termination of the company's Chief Executive Officer, Charles E. Jones, effective immediately. FirstEnergy also announced on the same day the termination of two other executives: its Senior Vice President of Product Development, Marketing, and Branding; and its Senior Vice President of External Affairs, effective immediately.[31] During the course of the company's previously disclosed internal review related to the government investigations, the Independent Review Committee of the Board determined that these executives violated certain FirstEnergy policies and its code of conduct. Concurrently, Steven E. Strah, President of FirstEnergy, has been appointed Acting Chief Executive Officer, effective immediately.[1]

On July 22, 2021, Vipal J. Patel, Acting U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Ohio, announced that FirstEnergy would be fined $230 million for its part in the scandal.[6]

The bribery scandal ended up also affecting the company's major naming rights deal with the Cleveland Browns for FirstEnergy Stadium, which was originally to run from 2013 through the end of the 2029 NFL season.[32] The Cleveland city council passed a resolution in June 2022 to urge FirstEnergy to relinquish the rights.[33] At the time, the Browns nor FirstEnergy motioned that the agreement would be revoked.[34] The Browns then announced on April 13, 2023 that the team and FirstEnergy had come to an agreement to immediately terminate the naming rights deal, restoring the name of the venue to Cleveland Browns Stadium.[35]

COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

During the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, the company stopped power shutoffs and restored connections for those whose power had been terminated because of non-payment. They also requested that customers who were facing hardship paying their utility bills contact the company to set up alternate payment programs, energy assistance programs or other energy arrangements, based on the customer's ability to pay. This included customers of all ten FirstEnergy utility companies in six states.[36]

Intent to exit non-regulated business[edit]

FirstEnergy announced its intent in November 2016 to exit the competitive businesses while staying in the regulated businesses and become a fully regulated company during the next 18 months.[37] FirstEnergy Solutions, the company's then-competitive subsidiary, managed 13,000 MW of generating capacity and was a leading energy supplier serving residential, commercial and industrial customers in the Northeast, Midwest and Mid-Atlantic regions. It was anticipated that some generating units would be sold and that others would be shut down.[37] Robert E. Murray, CEO of Murray Energy, warned in August 2017 that FirstEnergy Solutions was in danger of bankruptcy if the White House would not issue an emergency order to open coal-fired plants.[38][39] The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) unanimously rejected a United States Department of Energy (DOE) Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) to subsidize coal and nuclear plants in January 2018.[40] FirstEnergy Solutions filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on March 31, 2018.[41] As a result of the bankruptcy, FirstEnergy Solutions sought federal intervention of invoking Section 202(c) of the Federal Power Act to keep their power plants operating.[42]

In February 2018, FirstEnergy announced plans to deactivate or sell Pleasants Power Station in West Virginia.[43] In March 2018, FirstEnergy announced plans to deactivate or sell the Beaver Valley, Davis-Besse, and Perry nuclear power plants, which are in the Ohio and Pennsylvania deregulated electricity market, during the next three years.[44]

FirstEnergy's electric generation is primarily from coal and nuclear power plants, but also includes natural gas, oil, and hydroelectric power plants.

Environmental record[edit]

A 2017 report conducted by the University of Massachusetts Amherst placed FirstEnergy 9 out of the top 100 of the country's largest greenhouse polluters.[45]

In 2008, FirstEnergy was required to pay $1.5 billion by 2011 as part of a settlement to end a lawsuit filed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This lawsuit alleged that the company failed to install pollution control equipment when upgrading its coal burning plants. Also as part of the settlement, major pollution control equipment is now being installed at the FirstEnergy Sammis site and others. This lawsuit was one of the New Source Review lawsuits filed in the 1990s.[46]

To provide cleaner energy to its customers, FirstEnergy took several important steps in 2009. First, the company announced plans in April to repower Units 4 and 5 at its R.E. Burger Power Station in Shadyside, Ohio, to generate electricity principally with biomass, the only base load renewable source that can displace coal emissions.[47] Furthermore, FirstEnergy hosted a 1 MW pilot plant test of carbon capture retrofit equipment for carbon sequestration on one of the remaining coal units at the R.E. Burger.[48] In September, FirstEnergy decided to complete construction on the Fremont Energy Center, a 707-MW natural-gas-fired peaking plant by the end of 2010.[49] And finally in November, FirstEnergy purchased the rights to develop a compressed-air electric generating plant in Norton, Ohio, which Ohio Governor Ted Strickland praised as "an example of how we can leverage technology and our natural resources to grow our economy and ensure our energy future." The Norton project, part of the company's overall climate change strategy, has the potential to be expanded to up to 2,700 MW of capacity—the largest in the world by far. According to the Electric Power Research Institute, "a compressed-air energy storage project of this size...could be a key component in integrating large-scale intermittent renewables (such as wind) onto the nation's grid system."[50] Together, these projects, when completed, will further reduce the utility's emissions of CO2, which already is about one-third below the regional average.

FirstEnergy Solutions Corp. has also given renewable energy certificates to help balance out the amount of electricity used in Earth Day events that were held at nine post-secondary education locations in Maryland, New Jersey, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Each of the schools received five SmartWind REC's, enough energy to light a large building for the entire day.[51]

Energy efficiency became a state mandate in 2008 when lawmakers agreed with former Gov. Ted Strickland after months of debate to pass a law requiring electric utilities to help customers use less electricity every year—22 percent less by 2025 than they did in 2009. Under the 2008 law, FirstEnergy surcharges companies that do not invest in energy efficiency. But industries that use their waste heat to make power could escape that rate increase.[52]

As of November 29, 2012 FirstEnergy Corp. has abandoned its behind-the-scene lobbying campaign to persuade lawmakers to gut a four-year-old law requiring utilities to help customers use less electricity by switching to energy efficient equipment and lighting.[53]

Little Blue Run[edit]

Several cases have been brought against FirstEnergy for its dumping of coal waste into Little Blue Run Lake in West Virginia and Pennsylvania.[54][55][56] FirstEnergy has dumped more than 20 billion gallons of coal ash and smokestack scrubber waste into the body of water which has contaminated local water supplies with arsenic, sulfates, sodium, calcium, magnesium and chloride.[56]

A July 2012 consent decree from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection is forcing FirstEnergy to close the Little Blue Run Lake, an unlined waste impoundment in Beaver County, Pennsylvania and Hancock County, West Virginia. Coal ash waste slurry has been piped there from FirstEnergy's Bruce Mansfield Power Plant since 1974. The reservoir at Little Blue Run is the country's largest coal ash impoundment. Pollutants including sulfates, chlorides, and arsenic have been found in groundwater nearby. FirstEnergy must stop dumping coal ash at the site by 2016, pay a penalty of $800,000, provide clean water to local residents, and do environmental monitoring of seeps for toxic pollutants including selenium, boron, and arsenic.[57][58]


Charles E. Jones was the president and chief executive officer of FirstEnergy from 2015 until his termination on October 29, 2020.

Steven E. Strah was named acting chief executive officer of FirstEnergy on October 29, 2020. Steven E. Strah decided to retire on September 16, 2022.

John Somerhalder served as interim CEO of FirstEnergy between September 17, 2022 and June 1, 2023.

On March 27, 2023, FirstEnergy announced Brian X. Tierney, a former executive at American Electric Power, as President and CEO of FirstEnergy. His role became effective June 1, 2023.

Notable accidents and incidents[edit]

  • The 2003 North American blackout was attributed mostly to FirstEnergy's failure to trim the trees around its high voltage lines in a certain sector of Ohio; heat and extreme power needs caused the lines to sag, coming into contact with the trees and causing flashover.[59]
  • In 2005, the NRC identified two earlier incidents at Davis–Besse as being among the top five events (excluding the actual disaster at Three Mile Island) most likely to have resulted in a nuclear disaster in the event of a subsequent failure.[60][61]
  • On Friday, January 20, 2006, FirstEnergy acknowledged a cover-up of serious safety violations by former workers at the Davis–Besse Nuclear Power Station, and accepted a plea bargain with the U.S. Department of Justice in lieu of possible federal criminal prosecution. The plea bargain relates to the March 2002 discovery of severe corrosion in the pressure vessel of the nuclear reactor, contained within the plant's containment building. In the agreement, the company agreed to pay fines of $23 million, with an additional $5 million to be contributed toward research on alternative energy sources and to Habitat for Humanity as well as to pay for costs related to the Federal investigation. In addition, two former employees and one former contractor were indicted for purposely deceiving Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) inspectors in multiple documents (including one videotape) over several years, hiding evidence that the reactor pressure vessel was being seriously corroded by boric acid. The maximum penalty for the three is 25 years in prison. The indictment also cites other employees as providing false information to inspectors, but does not name them.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "FirstEnergy Announces Leadership Transition". September 16, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "2020 10-K/A". February 18, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  3. ^ "FirstEnergy Relies Heavily on Coal for Power Generation - Market Realist". December 22, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  4. ^ "FirstEnergy". Fortune. Archived from the original on November 25, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  5. ^ a b Wamsley, Laura (July 21, 2020). "Ohio House Speaker Arrested In Connection With $60 Million Bribery Scheme". NPR. Retrieved July 21, 2020. Last year's nuclear bailout law tacked on a charge to residents' power bills, sending $150 million a year to the nuclear power plants. They are owned by the company Energy Harbor, which was previously known as FirstEnergy Solutions.
  6. ^ a b Tino Bovenzi (July 22, 2021). "FirstEnergy criminally charged, fined $230M by DOJ For role in HB6 scandal". Spectrum News 1. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  7. ^ Standard & Poor's Stock Guide
  8. ^ North American Co. v. Securities and Exchange Commission, 327 U.S. 686 (1946).
  9. ^ "America's 'Boy Mayor' Dennis Kucinich to run again for Cleveland mayor". June 14, 2021. Retrieved October 8, 2023.
  10. ^ Eugene Register-Guard. Eugene Register-Guard.
  11. ^ Weekly Corporate Growth Report, Jan 10, 2000
  12. ^ Deutsch, Claudia H. (June 13, 1991). "The Boss Who Plays Now Pays". The New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  13. ^ "FirstEnergy-Allegheny Energy Merger Closes Effective Today". Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  14. ^ Funk, John; Dealer, The Plain (February 27, 2011). "FirstEnergy Corp. and Allegheny Energy are now one company". cleveland. Retrieved January 3, 2022.
  15. ^ a b "FirstEnergy to Cut More Jobs". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. November 11, 1997. pp. C-1.
  16. ^ Baird K. FirstEnergy transition revving up. Crain's Cleveland Business [serial online]. April 21, 1997;18(16):1. Available from: MasterFILE Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed May 17, 2014.
  17. ^ Baird, K. (1997). PUCO orders investigation of FirstEnergy's system. Crain's Cleveland Business, 18(46), 15.
  18. ^ "FirstEnergy closes merger with GPU; board of directors announced". Electric Light & Power. November 6, 2001. Archived from the original on September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  19. ^ "FirstEnergy-Allegheny Energy Merger Closes Effective Today". FirstEnergy Corp. PR Newswire. February 25, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  20. ^ "FirstEnergy CEO says generation subsidiary headed for bankruptcy protection". February 23, 2018.
  21. ^ FirstEnergy Solutions Corp.; FirstEnergy Generation, LLC v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (N.D. Ohio 2018), Text.
  22. ^ Dale III, Charles A.; Keyser, William M.; Mawhinney, David A.; O'Neil, Michael J. (September 5, 2018). "FirstEnergy: Bankruptcy Court Asserts Primacy Over FERC; Approves Rejection of Power Purchase Agreements". The National Law Review. K & L Gates. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  23. ^ "FirstEnergy Solutions emerges from bankruptcy, becomes Energy Harbor". February 27, 2020. Retrieved May 10, 2020.
  24. ^ "FirstEnergy Solutions definitely to close its nuclear power plants, FirstEnergy announces tentative deal with FES creditors". April 14, 2018.
  25. ^ "FirstEnergy Solutions closing its last Ohio and Pennsylvania coal-fired power plants". August 29, 2018.
  26. ^ "FirstEnergy Solutions Rescinds Deactivation Notices for Competitive Generating Plants in Ohio". July 26, 2019. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
  27. ^ Scaggs, Alexandria (July 21, 2020). "FirstEnergy Shares Plunge After Ohio Bribery Scandal Is Announced". Barron's. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
  28. ^ Balmert, Jessie. "House Bill 6: Lawmakers propose repeal of nuclear bailout at heart of Householder bribery case". The Enquirer. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  29. ^ "Ohio Democrats plan legislation to repeal nuclear bailout bill at center of state corruption scandal". July 22, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  30. ^ "Groups call for FirstEnergy Corporation to be dissolved |". Retrieved October 15, 2023.
  31. ^ "FirstEnergy Terminates SVP Marketing, Who Had Served As President Of FirstEnergy's New Broker, For, "Violat[ing] Certain FirstEnergy Policies And Its Code Of Conduct" --". Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  32. ^ Feran, Tom (January 22, 2013). "Mike Polensek says utility First Energy will have its name on a stadium powered by the city's electric company". Politifact Ohio. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  33. ^ Shaw, Courtney (June 6, 2022). "City Council passes resolution for FirstEnergy to remove name from Browns stadium". Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  34. ^ Schudel, Jeff (June 7, 2022). "Browns sticking by FirstEnergy; Cleveland City Council votes to have name removed". The News-Herald. Retrieved February 15, 2023.
  35. ^ "FirstEnergy and Cleveland Browns Mutually Agree to End Stadium Naming Rights Agreement". April 13, 2023. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  36. ^ Allard, Sam (March 26, 2020). "First Energy Joined CPP in Halting Shutoffs, Has Restored Power to 600 Customers in Northeast Ohio". Cleveland Scene. Cleveland OH: Euclid Media Group. Archived from the original on March 27, 2020. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  37. ^ a b Aaron Larson (November 11, 2016). "FirstEnergy Wants Out of Competitive Power Markets". POWER. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  38. ^ Egan, Matt (August 22, 2017). "Trump rejects cry for help from coal execs". CNN Money. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  39. ^ Horwitz, Jeff (August 22, 2017). "Murray Energy boss: Trump has broken a promise to coal". Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  40. ^ Rhodes, Joshua (January 8, 2018). "Perry Says NOPR; FERC Says Nope (To Propping Up Coal)". Forbes. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  41. ^ "FirstEnergy nuclear, coal plant units file for bankruptcy protection". Reuters. April 1, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  42. ^ "Trump says administration looking into keeping some power plants open". Akron Beacon Journal. April 5, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  43. ^ Mancini, Jess (February 17, 2018). "Pleasants Power Station to be sold or deactivated". The Parkersburg News and Sentinel. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  44. ^ "FirstEnergy files deactivation notice for Davis–Besse and two other nuclear power plants". 13abc WTVG-TV. March 29, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  45. ^ "Greenhouse 100 Polluters Index (2019 Report, Based on 2017 Data)". Political Economy Research Institute. July 25, 2019. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  46. ^ [1] The Columbus Dispatch Retrieved May 15, 2008
  47. ^ "FirstEnergy Corp" (PDF). Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  48. ^[permanent dead link]
  49. ^ "FirstEnergy Corp" (PDF). Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  50. ^ "FirstEnergy Corp" (PDF). Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  51. ^,362227.shtml Archived May 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine The Earth Times Retrieved May 12, 2008
  52. ^ "Ohio Gov. John Kasich's initiative encouraging industry to generate power with waste heat imperiled, says coalition". November 28, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  53. ^ "FirstEnergy halts its challenge to efficiency mandates, for now". November 29, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2015.
  54. ^ "Toxic Waste Spill in North Carolina: Coal Ash". Vice. February 19, 2015. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  55. ^ Bowling, Brian (February 9, 2015). "FirstEnergy, Beaver County residents reach agreement in Little Blue Run lawsuit". Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  56. ^ a b Hopey, Don (April 3, 2014). "Little Blue Run coal ash site to close sooner; Plant owner must contain pollution". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved April 2, 2015.
  57. ^ Lord, Rich FirstEnergy compelled to close Beaver County waste dump by end of 2016 Archived April 4, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 2012-07-27.
  58. ^ Chapter 5: How and Why the Blackout Began in Ohio (PDF). NERC Final Report. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2009. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
  59. ^ "NRC Commission Document SECY-05-0192 Attachment 2" (PDF). Results, Trends, and Insights from theAccident Sequence Precursor (ASP) Program. US NRC. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2008. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
  60. ^ "Status of the Accident Sequence Precursor (ASP) program". US NRC. Archived from the original on October 10, 2008. Retrieved November 2, 2008.
    • In 2011, a 20-year employee was electrocuted to death; when a supervisor ordered an unsafe operation. The parent company First Energy and Ohio Edison was sued as a result. Citing an intentional tort statute relating to "the deliberate removal of a safety guard".

External links[edit]

  • FirstEnergy Corp. Web site
  • FirstEnergyTV's channel on YouTube
  • Business data for FirstEnergy: