First Aceh Expedition
|First Aceh Expedition|
General J.H.R. Köhler killed in Mesigit
|Netherlands||Sultanate of Aceh|
|Commanders and leaders|
|J.H.R. Köhler †||
Sultan Alauddin Mahmud Syah II
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (March 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Early in 1873, the American Consul in Singapore had discussions with an Achenese emissary about a possible Acehnese-American treaty, which the Dutch saw as justification for intervention. In March 1873, the Dutch bombed the Acehnese capital Banda Aceh (Kutaraja) and in April they landed 3,000 troops led by Johan Harmen Rudolf Köhler. Having misjudged their Acehnese opposition, the Dutch were forced to withdraw losing Köhler and eighty men. They then established a blockade and Acehnese troops (estimates of whom range from 10,000 to 100,000) prepared for battle.
This was followed by the Second Aceh Expedition in late 1873.
- Ricklefs, M. C. (1991). A History of Modern Indonesia Since c. 1300 (2nd ed.). Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-57689-6.
|This Indonesia-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|