First Battle of Anandpur

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First Battle of Anandpur
Part of Mughal-Sikh Wars
Date 1700
Location Anandpur
Result Sikh victory.[1]
Belligerents
Sikh Akali flag.jpg Guru Gobind Singh's Sikhs

Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Mughal Empire

Commanders and leaders
Sikh Akali flag.jpg Guru Gobind Singh and Panj Pyare Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg Din Beg
Painda Khan
Strength
Khalsa

The First Battle of Anandpur was fought at Anandpur, between the armies of the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh and the Mughal forces aided by the Rajas of the Sivalik Hills.

Cause[edit]

The increasing power of Guru Gobind Singh, and his establishment of a military order (Khalsa) alarmed the Rajas of the Sivalik hills. After some failed attempts to check the Guru's power, the Rajas pleaded the Mughals to help them against the Guru.

The Mughal viceroy of Delhi sent his generals Din Beg and Painda Khan, each with an army of five thousand men, to subdue the Guru.[2] The Mughal forces were joined by the armies of the hill chiefs at Rupar. The Guru appointed the Panj Piare, his five beloved Sikhs, as the generals of his army.

The battle[edit]

According to the Sikh chronicles, Guru Gobind Singh refused to play the role of an aggressor, as he had vowed never to strike except in self-defence.

After Painde Khan's death, Din Beg assumed the command of his troops.[3] However, he failed to overpower the Guru's forces. The hill Rajas fled from the battlefield, and Din Beg was forced to retreat after being wounded. He was pursued by the Guru's army as far as Rupar.

Aftermath[edit]

After the Mughal generals failed to dive off the Guru from Anandpur, the hill Rajas formed an alliance and attacked Anandpur, leading to the Battle of Anandpur (1701).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacques, Tony. Dictionary of Battles and Sieges. Greenwood Press. p. 48. ISBN 978-0-313-33536-5. 
  2. ^ Banerjee, Indubhusan. Evolution of the Khalsa. Calcutta: A. Mukerjee. p. 25. OCLC 5880923. 
  3. ^ Macauliffe, Max Arthur (1996) [1909]. The Sikh Religion: Its Gurus, Sacred Writings, and Authors. Low Price Publications. p. 125. ISBN 978-81-86142-31-8. OCLC 1888987.