First Buddhist council

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First Council at Rajgir, painting at the Nava Jetavana, Shravasti

The First Buddhist council was a gathering of senior monks of the Buddhist order convened just after the Buddha's passing away in ca. 400 BCE.[1][2] The story of the gathering is recorded in the Vinaya Pitaka of the Theravadins and Sanskrit Buddhist schools. It is regarded as canonical by all schools of Buddhism, but in the absence of evidence from outside the Buddhist sutras has not generally been accepted as a historical event by other scholars.[3]

Description[edit]

The Saptaparni Cave in Rajgir, where the First Buddhist Council may have been held.

A council of 500 Arahats was held at Rajgir (Sanskrit: Rājagṛha) to agree the contents of the Dhamma and Vinaya.[4] Ananda recited the Suttas, such that each begins: ‘Thus have I heard’.[5] The monk Upali (Sanskrit उपालि upāli) recited the Vinaya.[6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pg. 88.
  2. ^ Bechert, Heinz; Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen, eds. (1995). When did the Buddha live?: the controversy on the dating of the historical Buddha. Delhi, India: Sri Satguru Publications. ISBN 8170304695. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pg. 88.
  5. ^ Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pg. 88.
  6. ^ Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pg. 88.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.