First Davutoğlu Cabinet

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First Davutoğlu Cabinet
Birinci Davutoğlu Hükümeti
Flag of Turkey.svg
62nd cabinet of Turkey
29 August 2014 – 28 August 2015
Secretary Kerry Meets With Turkish Foreign Minister Davutoglu (2) (cropped).jpg
Date formed29 August 2014
Date dissolved28 August 2015
People and organisations
Head of stateRecep Tayyip Erdoğan
Head of governmentAhmet Davutoğlu
No. of ministers26
Total no. of ministers30
Member partyJustice and Development Party
Status in legislature74-seat single-party majority at time of dissolution
311 / 550
Opposition partyRepublican People's Party
Opposition leaderKemal Kılıçdaroğlu
History
Election(s)12 June 2011
10 August 2014
Legislature term(s)24th
PredecessorErdoğan III
SuccessorInterim election cabinet

The First Cabinet of Ahmet Davutoğlu was the 62nd government of the Turkish Republic, which took office on 29 August 2014. It was the fifth majority government to be formed entirely by the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and was headed by its leader and the 26th Prime Minister of Turkey, Ahmet Davutoğlu. The government assumed office during the 24th parliament of Turkey and succeeded Erdoğan's third cabinet. Davutoğlu is the third AKP politician to take office as Prime Minister, after Abdullah Gül (2002-2003) and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (2003-2014).

The formation of the cabinet was necessitated by the election of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan as the 12th President of Turkey on August 10. Erdoğan, who headed the 61st government of Turkey, assumed office as President on the 28th, severing all relations with the AKP. The AKP had elected Davutoğlu as leader during an extraordinary congress on 27 August.[1] The 62nd government of Turkey was sworn in by President Erdoğan on the 29th and was due to serve until the general election of June 2015. The failure to form a government after the election, which had resulted in a hung parliament, resulted in the government continuing its duties for much of the 25th Parliament while unsuccessful coalition negotiations were still taking place. The government was succeeded on 28 August 2015, almost exactly a year after being formed, by an interim election government as required by the Constitution of Turkey. The election government will oversee the early election that was called for November 2015.

The cabinet contained one minister who was not a Member of Parliament, namely Deputy Prime Minister Numan Kurtulmuş. Later on 3 July 2015, Vecdi Gönül also became a minister (National Defence) from outside Parliament.[2] Hakan Fidan, the Undersecretary of the National Intelligence Organization (MİT), was also seen as a potential Minister of Foreign Affairs from outside parliament.[3] Despite questions over his future and alleged links with Fethullah Gülen's Cemaat Movement, Ali Babacan remained as Deputy Prime Minister within the cabinet amid economic uncertainty over his position.[4] Leading AKP politicians Binali Yıldırım, Hayati Yazıcı, Emrullah İşler and Beşir Atalay were notably not included in the cabinet.[5]

After losing their parliamentary majority in the June 2015 general election, Prime Minister Davutoğlu arrived at the presidential palace to submit his government's resignation on 9 June 2015. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan accepted the government's resignation, though the cabinet remained in power until Erdoğan called a general election and the interim election government was formed.

Composition[edit]

Davutoğlu was formally invited by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to form a cabinet in the late hours of 28 August 2014.[6] The cabinet was announced by Davutoğlu at noon the next day.[7]

Reshuffles[edit]

Constitutional pre-election reshuffle[edit]

In accordance to the 114th Article of the Turkish Constitution, the ministerial posts for the Departments of Justice, Transport and the Interior must be given to neutral permanent secretaries three months before a general election. The amendment was enacted following the 1960 coup d'état, supposedly because the serving leader of the opposition at the time, İsmet İnönü, had been delayed on a train by the government on his way to an electoral rally.[8] Apparently for this reason, the resolution for the governing party to vacate the Transport, Justice and Interior Ministries was enacted in 1961 after the Democratic Party government was removed from power. The Justice and Development Party has promised in its manifesto to abolish this Constitutional requirement should it win the June 2015 general election. In accordance to this constitutional requirement, the following ministers were replaced by independent permanent secretaries on 7 March 2015, three months before the general election on 7 June 2015.[9]

Minister of Defence[edit]

After the government resigned following the June 2015 general election, the Minister of Defence İsmet Yılmaz was put forward as the AKP candidate for Speaker of the Grand National Assembly for the new Parliament and was elected in the final round. As a result, his cabinet position was automatically terminated on 1 July 2015. Prime Minister Davutoğlu stated that it was not practical given Turkey's circumstances in terms of the ongoing events in the Syrian Civil War to appoint an acting Minister, instead stating that they would appoint a new National Defence Minister until a new government was formed. Former National Defence Minister Vecdi Gönül, who had served between 2002 and 2011, was appointed to succeed Yılmaz despite not being a Member of Parliament.

Dissolution[edit]

The government was scheduled to come to an end following the June 2015 general election. The AKP lost their parliamentary majority in said election, meaning that forming a new government may take significantly longer than usual due to coalition negotiations. Davutoğlu's cabinet resigned shortly after the election but stayed in power while coalition negotiations took place. With parties failing to come to a consensus, Erdoğan called an early general election for November 2015, thereby dissolving the government and inviting Davutoğlu to form an interim election government on 27 August 2015.

Ministers[edit]

Functions Holder Start End
English title Turkish title
Prime Minister Başbakan Ahmet Davutoglu cropped.JPG Ahmet Davutoğlu 28 August 2014 28 August 2015
Deputy Prime Minister
Responsible for Foundations and TRT
Başbakan Yardımcısı Bulent Arinc 2014.jpg Bülent Arınç 1 May 2009 28 August 2015
Deputy Prime Minister
Responsible for Religious Affairs and the Turkish World
Başbakan Yardımcısı Numan Kurtulmuş 29 August 2014 28 August 2015
Deputy Prime Minister
Responsible for the Economy, Banking and Treasury
Başbakan Yardımcısı Ali Babacan cropped.jpg Ali Babacan 28 August 2007 28 August 2015
Deputy Prime Minister
Responsible for Counter-terrorism, Human Rights and Cyprus
Başbakan Yardımcısı YalçınAkdoğan.jpg Yalçın Akdoğan 29 August 2014 28 August 2015
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Dışişleri Bakanı Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu 29 August 2014 28 August 2015
Ministry of the Interior İçişleri Bakanı EfkanAla.png Efkan Ala 25 December 2013 7 March 2015
SebahattinOzturk.jpg Sebahattin Öztürk 7 March 2015 28 August 2015
Ministry of Finance Maliye Bakanı Mehmet Şimşek (cropped).jpg Mehmet Şimşek 1 May 2009 28 August 2015
Ministry of Justice Adalet Bakanı Bekir Bozdağ 26 December 2013 7 March 2015
Kenan İpek 7 March 2015 28 August 2015
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources Enerji ve Tabii Kaynaklar Bakanı Taner Yildiz - World Economic Forum on the Middle East, North Africa and Eurasia 2012 crop.jpg Taner Yıldız 1 May 2009 28 August 2015
Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Gıda, Tarım ve Hayvancılık Bakanı Mehdi Eker (cropped).jpg Mehmet Mehdi Eker 29 August 2014 28 August 2015
Ministry of Culture and Tourism Kültür ve Turizm Bakanı Ömer Çelik cropped.jpg Ömer Çelik 24 January 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of Health Sağlık Bakanı Mehmet Müezzinoğlu.png Mehmet Müezzinoğlu 24 January 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of National Education Millî Eğitim Bakanı NabiAvcı2013.png Nabi Avcı 24 January 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of National Defence Millî Savunma Bakanı İsmet Yılmaz.jpg İsmet Yılmaz 6 July 2011 1 July 2015
Msc 2006-Saturday, 14.00 - 16.00-002Siko06 Goenuel Tuerk.jpg Vecdi Gönül 3 July 2015 28 August 2015
Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology Bilim, Sanayi ve Teknoloji Bakanı Fikri Işık 25 December 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of Labour and Social Security Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanı Faruk Çelik (cropped).jpg Faruk Çelik 29 August 2014 28 August 2015
Ministry of Transport, Maritime and Communication Ulaştırma, Denizcilik ve Haberleşme Bakanı Lütfi Elvan 26 December 2013 7 March 2015
Feridun Bilgin 7 March 2015 28 August 2015
Ministry of Family and Social Policy Aile ve Sosyal Politikalar Bakanı Ayşenur İslam 26 December 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of European Union Affairs Avrupa Birliği Bakanı Volkan Bozkır April 2016 (26358127551) (cropped).jpg Volkan Bozkır 29 August 2014 28 August 2015
Ministry of Economy Ekonomi Bakanı Nihat Zeybekci.jpg Nihat Zeybekçi 25 December 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of Youth and Sports Gençlik ve Spor Bakanı Akif Çağatay Kılıç.jpg Akif Çağatay Kılıç 25 December 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of Development Kalkınma Bakanı Cevdet Yılmaz.jpg Cevdet Yılmaz 6 July 2011 28 August 2015
Ministry of Customs and Trade Gümrük ve Ticaret Bakanı NurettinCanikli.jpg Nurettin Canikli 29 August 2014 28 August 2015
Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning Çevre ve Şehircilik Bakanı İdris Güllüce 25 December 2013 28 August 2015
Ministry of Forest and Water Management Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanı Veysel Eroğlu cropped.jpg Veysel Eroğlu 29 August 2007 28 August 2015

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tarihi kongrede Ahmet Davutoğlu Genel Başkan seçildi". Akşam. Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Başbakan Yardımcısı Numan Kurtulmuş'tan sert tepki: Dışarıdan değilim". Akşam. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Hakan Fidan hakkında bomba iddia". Akşam. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Deputy PM Babacan summons economy team in September amid questions over his future". Hürriyet. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  5. ^ "İşte kabine dışı kalan isimler". Akşam. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Davutoğlu kabine listesiyle Çankaya Köşkü'nde". Anatolia Agency. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Başbakan Davutoğlu 62. Hükümeti açıkladı". Anatolia Agency. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  8. ^ http://www.haber7.com/ic-politika/haber/1345312-ak-parti-ulkeyi-54-yillik-bir-ucubeden-kurtariyor
  9. ^ http://www.aksam.com.tr/siyaset/ak-parti-ulkeyi-54-yillik-bir-ucubeden-kurtariyor/haber-398338
Preceded by
61st government of Turkey
(Recep Tayyip Erdoğan)
62nd government of Turkey
29 August 2014 – 17 November 2015
Succeeded by
63rd government of Turkey