First Family of the United States

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This article is about the U.S. First Family. For other uses, see First Family.
Members of the First Family of the United States, the Trump family, pictured at a campaign victory party in Des Moines, Iowa on February 1, 2016. Members of the First Family include, from left to right, Donald Trump's son-in-law Jared Kushner, his daughter Ivanka Trump, the President of the United States Donald Trump, the First Lady of the United States Melania Trump, Trump's daughter-in-law Lara Yunaska, and his son Eric Trump.

The First Family of the United States (FFOTUS) is the official title for the family of the President of the United States, who is both head of state and head of government of the United States. Members of the First Family consist of the President, the First Lady of the United States, and any of their children. However, other close relatives of the President and First Lady, such as parents, grandchildren, stepchildren, and in-laws, may be classified as members of the First Family if they reside in the Executive Residence of the White House Complex.

In the United States, the term "First Family" in casual reference to the President's immediate family, is most often used by the media and in particular, the White House press corps. Individually, each member of the First Family is designated a Secret Service codename by the United States Secret Service. Used by special agents, these code names uniquely identify members of the First Family for their ongoing protection as well as for the sake of brevity, clarity, and tradition.

Portrait Administration Years President and First Lady
Children and family
Trump first day as President.jpg Trump January 20, 2017

Donald and Melania Trump
Donald Jr., Ivanka, Eric, Tiffany, and Barron
Donald Jr., Ivanka and Eric are the President's children from his first marriage to Ivana Trump, while Tiffany is his daughter from his second marriage to Marla Maples and Barron is his son from his third marriage to Melania Trump. Barron will be the first Presidential son since John F. Kennedy Jr. in 1963, to live in the White House and Melania decided for him to remain in Trump Tower to complete his school year at Columbia Grammar & Preparatory School in Manhattan during his father's first few months of the administration.[1] Melania Trump is the second First Lady to be foreign-born after Louisa Adams.
Barack Obama family portrait 2011.jpg Obama January 20, 2009

January 20, 2017
Barack and Michelle Obama
Malia and Sasha
Marian Shields Robinson, mother to the First Lady and mother-in-law to the President, lived with the First Family in the Executive Residence at the White House Complex. They were the first African American family to live in the White House
Hager with Bushes.jpg G.W. Bush January 20, 2001

January 20, 2009
George W. and Laura Bush
Barbara and Jenna
Barbara and Jenna, fraternal twins, were also the nation's First Granddaughters, from January 20, 1989 to January 20, 1993. Barbara and Jenna were eight years old at the time of George H. W. Bush, their grandfather's, inauguration and twelve years old when he left office. The twins were both First Daughters of Texas from 1995, when they were fourteen, to 2001, when they were nineteen. Barbara and Jenna did not live in the White house, as both attended college while their father was the President. Jenna married Henry Chase Hager at the Prairie Chapel Ranch in Crawford, Texas on May 10, 2008.
Clinton family.jpg Clinton January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001
Bill and Hillary Clinton
and Chelsea
The President and First Lady's daughter Chelsea was born a First Daughter of Arkansas. Until she left the White House in 2001, the two-year period between her father's first and second terms as the Governor of Arkansas would be the only time when she did not have an unofficial title. Beginning on January 3, 2001, Hillary Rodham Clinton was both a United States Senator for the state of New York while simultaneously carrying out her formal duties as First Lady, a title which she lost 17 days later on January 20, 2001 when President Clinton's term in office expired. To date, Hillary Rodham Clinton remains as the only First Lady to be elected and to hold a political office.
President and Mrs. Bush pose with their children, their spouses and grandchildren for a family portrait in Houston... - NARA - 186455.tif G.H.W. Bush January 20, 1989

January 20, 1993
George and Barbara Bush
George W., Jeb, Neil, Marvin, and Dorothy
Arguably, other members of the First Family included First Grandsons George, Jeb Jr., Pierce, and Walker Bush; and First Granddaughters Barbara, Jenna, Noelle, Lauren, Ashley, and Dorothy Bush
Photograph of 1985 Inaugural Family Photo, (from left to right) Bess Davis, Maureen Reagan, Dennis Revell, Michael... - NARA - 198560.jpg Reagan January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989
Ronald and Nancy Reagan
Maureen, Michael, Patti, and Ron
Maureen and Michael were two of the President's children from his first marriage to Hollywood actress Jane Wyman while Patti and Ron were the President's two youngest children from his second marriage to Nancy Reagan.
Rosalynn, Jimmy, and Amy Carter.gif Carter January 20, 1977

January 20, 1981
Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter
John, James Earl Carter III, Donnel, and Amy
The President and First Lady's three sons John, James, and Donnel were all grown adults when the First Family moved into the Executive Residence in 1977. Their daughter Amy was the first true child to live in the White House since the Kennedy children lived there between 1961 and 1963.
Gerald Ford family in the Oval Office in 1974.jpg Ford August 9, 1974

January 20, 1977
Gerald and Betty Ford
Susan, Michael, Jack, and Steven
The President and First Lady's daughter Susan was a teenage high school student during her time in the White House. Their three sons Michael, Jack, and Steven were all grown adults when the First Family moved into the Executive Residence in 1974.
Nixon family.jpg Nixon January 20, 1969

August 9, 1974
Richard and Pat Nixon
Tricia and Julie
One of the most thrilling occurrences during the President's administration was the marriage of his daughter Tricia to Edward Cox, who were wed in a fairytale ceremony in the Rose Garden of the White House on June 12, 1971. The President and First Lady's other daughter, Julie Nixon Eisenhower, married David Eisenhower, a grandson of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Lyndon B. Johnson's family Xmas Eve 1968.jpg L.B. Johnson November 22, 1963

January 20, 1969
Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson
Lynda Bird, and Luci
JFK and family in Hyannis Port, 04 August 1962.jpg Kennedy January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963
John and Jacqueline Kennedy
Caroline, John Jr., and Patrick
The President and First Lady's first-born daughter, Arabella, was delivered as a stillborn in 1956. The First Lady gave birth prematurely to a second son, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, on August 7, 1963. The child died two days later due to hyaline membrane disease. In 1999, John Jr. died in a plane crash, leaving his sister Caroline as the only surviving child of the President and First Lady.
President & Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower 39th wedding anniversary at their farm in Gettysburg, Penn.jpg Eisenhower January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961
Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower
and John
President and Mrs. Eisenhower posed for this portrait on their 39th wedding anniversary at their farm in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
During his father's presidency, John Eisenhower served various roles as an Assistant Staff Secretary in the West Wing, on the Army's General Staff, and in the White House as assistant to General Andrew Goodpaster.
Photograph of President Truman, the First Lady, and their daughter Margaret, at the airport in Washington prior to... - NARA - 200332.tif Truman April 12, 1945

January 20, 1953
Harry and Bess Truman
and Margaret
Between the years 1948 and 1952, the First Family resided at Blair House, the official guest quarters of foreign heads of state and government located near Lafayette Park, while the White House underwent a complete interior restoration.
FranklinD and Eleanor Roosevelt with children 1919.jpg F.D. Roosevelt March 4, 1933

April 12, 1945
Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt
Anna, James, Elliott, Franklin Jr., and John
In 1937, the President's oldest son James moved into the Executive Residence and served as an advisor and private secretary in the West Wing. At the President's request, his daughter Anna moved into the Executive Residence in 1944 to serve as an assistant to the President and as White House hostess during the First Lady's frequent absences. A fifth son, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (III), was born on March 18, 1909 and died approximately eight months later on November 7, 1909.
Hoover March 4, 1929

March 4, 1933
Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover
Herbert Jr., and Allan
Coolidge August 2, 1923

March 4, 1929
Calvin and Grace Coolidge
John and Calvin Jr.
The President and First Lady's younger son, Calvin Jr., died during the President's 1924 election campaign. Their son John who lived until 2000, married the daughter of Connecticut governor John H. Trumbull.
HardingFlorence.jpg Harding March 4, 1921

August 2, 1923
Warren and Florence Harding The President never had children with his wife but had an illegitimate daughter, Elizabeth Ann Blaesing, with another woman, Nan Britton. In a previous marriage, the First Lady had a son named Marshall Eugene DeWolfe who died from complications of alcoholism and tuberculosis on January 1, 1915, at the age of 34.
Woodrow Wilson with his wife and three daughters.png Wilson March 4, 1913

March 4, 1921
Woodrow Wilson and
Ellen Wilson (d.1914), Edith Wilson (m.1915)
Margaret, Jessie, and Eleanor
On November 25, 1913, the second oldest daughter Jessie married Francis Bowes Sayre at the White House. On January 17, 1915, Jessie gave birth to a son, Francis B. Sayre, Jr., at the White House. On May 7, 1914, the youngest daughter Eleanor married her father's Secretary of the Treasury, William Gibbs McAdoo. There were two First Ladies during the Wilson Administration. The President's first wife, Ellen, died at the White House on August 6, 1914 due to complications of Bright's disease. The following year, the President married his second wife, Edith. At the time of her mother's death in 1914, the oldest daughter Margaret served the role as First Lady until her father remarried in 1915.
William Howard Taft and family.jpg Taft March 4, 1909

March 4, 1913
William Howard and Helen Taft
Robert, Helen, and Charles II
After the First Lady suffered a stroke in 1909, daughter Helen moved into the Executive Residence and helped her mother to regain body movement and speech. The President and First Lady's daughter, Helen, also served as official hostess for many White House functions while the First Lady was disabled. The youngest son, Charles, was only 12 years old when he moved into the Executive Residence, upon his father's election as President.
Theodore Roosevelt and family, 1903.jpg T. Roosevelt September 14, 1901

March 4, 1909
Theodore and Edith Roosevelt
Theodore Jr., Kermit, Ethel, Archie, and Quentin
In 1906, the President's oldest daughter, Alice Roosevelt Longworth, married Nicholas Longworth at the White House. Alice was another child from the President's previous marriage to his first wife, Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, who died in 1884 due to childbirth complications and the disease known as Bright's disease. The President's fifth cousin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, would become the 32nd President of the United States in 1933.
McKinley March 4, 1897

September 14, 1901
William and Ida McKinley
Our beloved ex. President Grover Cleveland, with his family at home, Princeton, N.J, from Robert N. Dennis collection of stereoscopic views.jpg Cleveland March 4, 1893

March 4, 1897
Grover and Frances Cleveland
Ruth, Esther and Marion
B. Harrison March 4, 1889

March 4, 1893
Benjamin and Caroline Harrison
Russell and Mary
President Cleveland and family.jpg Cleveland March 4, 1885

March 4, 1889
Grover and Frances Cleveland (m.1886)
Arthur September 19, 1881

March 4, 1885
Chester A. Arthur
Chester II and Ellen
Garfield family.jpg Garfield March 4, 1881

September 19, 1881
James and Lucretia Garfield
Harry, James, Mary, Irvin, and Abram
Hayes March 4, 1877

March 4, 1881
Rutherford and Lucy Hayes
Birchard , Webb, Rutherford,
Fanny, and Scott
Ulysses Grant and Family at Long Branch, NJ by Pach Brothers, NY, 1870.jpg Grant March 4, 1869

March 4, 1877
Ulysses and Julia Grant
Jesse, Ulysses Jr., Nellie, and Frederick
The Grant family was the last slave holding family to live in the White House. Grant owned a slave during the Civil War but freed the slave soon after.
A. Johnson April 15, 1865

March 4, 1869
Andrew and Eliza Johnson
Martha, Mary, Robert, and Andrew Jr.
The Lincoln Family, Currier & Ives.jpg Lincoln March 4, 1861

April 15, 1865
Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd, Willie, and Tad
In 1862, Willie, after riding his pony in bad weather, became ill. His condition fluctuated from day to day. The most likely cause of the illness was typhoid fever, contracted from contaminated drinking water. Gradually Willie weakened. Finally on February 20, 1862, the young boy died. The President and First Lady's second son, Edward, died earlier in 1850, most likely from a wasting disease called medullary thyroid cancer as part of the genetic cancer syndrome - multiple endocrine neoplasia, type 2B - that his father and two of his brothers may have shared. In 1871, their son Tad died at the age of 18 due to tuberculosis. Of the President and First Lady's four children, only Robert lived into adulthood; he died in 1926. Throughout the President's term in office, the First Lady suffered from severe headaches. Dealing with the death of her son Willie in 1862, as well as the deaths of siblings killed in the American Civil War, difficult bouts of mourning, especially after Willie's death, led to protracted depression. During her years at the White House, the First Lady suffered a severe head injury in a carriage accident, thought to be an assassination attempt aimed at the President, who was not with her at the time. In addition to depression, the First Lady suffered from irrational, sometimes public outbursts.
Buchanan March 4, 1857

March 4, 1861
James Buchanan The President never married or had children. The President's niece, Harriet Lane, acted as First Lady and served as hostess at White House functions.
Pierce March 4, 1853

March 4, 1857
Franklin and Jane Pierce
Fillmore July 9, 1850

March 4, 1853
Millard and Abigail Fillmore
Millard, and Mary
During the presidential inauguration for her husband's successor Franklin Pierce in 1853, the First Lady caught a cold and the next day came down with a fever. Abigail Fillmore developed pneumonia and died weeks later, on March 30, 1853. Throughout much of the President's term in office and due to the First Lady's illness, their daughter Mary was hostess at many White House functions from 1850 to 1853.
Zachary Taylor half plate daguerreotype c1843-45.png Taylor March 4, 1849

July 9, 1850
Zachary and Margaret Taylor
Ann, Betty, and Richard
As a semi-invalid, the First Lady became a recluse and remained in seclusion on the second floor of the Executive Residence, leaving the duties of official hostess to her daughter Mary Elizabeth. They were the last family to own slaves in the White House from 1849 to 1850.
James K Polk and Sarah C Polk.jpg Polk March 4, 1845

March 4, 1849
James and Sarah Polk The President and First Lady never had children.
WHOportTyler.jpg Tyler April 4, 1841

March 4, 1845
John and Letitia Tyler (d.1842), Julia Tyler (m.1844)
Mary, Robert, John, Letitia, Elizabeth, Alice, and Tazewell
During the President's term in office, there were two First Ladies. In 1839, Letitia, suffered a paralytic stroke that left her an invalid. As First Lady, she remained in the upstairs living quarters of the White House only coming downstairs just once, to attend the wedding of her daughter Elizabeth in January 1842. On the evening of September 10, 1842, the First Lady died peacefully. At the time of her death, she was 51 years old, making her the youngest First Lady to die. John and Letita Tyler's children were the following: Mary Tyler-Jones, Robert Tyler (who served as the President's private secretary at the White House), John Tyler III, Letitia Tyler-Semple, Elizabeth Tyler-Waller (marrying William N. Waller at a White House wedding in 1842), Alice Tyler-Denison, and Tazewell Tyler. The second First Lady was Julia, who at age 24, married the President at the age of 54 on June 26, 1844. John and Julia's children were the following: David Gardiner Tyler, John "Alex" Alexander Tyler, Julia Gardiner Tyler-Spencer, Lachlan Gardiner Tyler, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Robert "Fitz" Fitzwalter Tyler, and Pearl Tyler-Ellis.
William Henry Harrison by James Reid Lambdin, 1835.jpg W.H. Harrison March 4, 1841

April 4, 1841
William Henry and Anna Harrison The President and First Lady had ten children. After taking the Oath of Office in March 1841, the President died just 32 days later of complications of a cold, making William Henry Harrison's term the shortest in United States presidential history to date.
MVanBuren.png Van Buren March 4, 1837

March 4, 1841
Martin Van Buren and
Angelica Singleton (Daughter-in-law)
Abraham, John, Martin, and Smith
During the President's term, there was no First Lady. The President's wife died from tuberculosis much earlier in 1819. Their oldest son Abraham had a wife, Angelica Singleton Van Buren (a cousin of Dolley Madison), who assumed the duties being hostess at White House functions.
Andrew Jackson large portrait.jpg Jackson March 4, 1829

March 4, 1837
Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jr., Daniel, Andrew, Andrew, Eliza, and Edward
John Quincy Adams by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg J.Q. Adams March 4, 1825

March 4, 1829
John Quincy and Louisa Adams
George, John, and Charles Francis
The President was the oldest son of the 2nd President of the United States, John Adams and his wife, Abigail Adams. The President and First Lady's son, George led a troubled life of alcoholism, womanizing, and depression who finally succumbed to an apparent suicide during the President's final year in office in 1829. Louisa Adams was the first foreign-born First Lady.
James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif Monroe March 4, 1817

March 4, 1825
James and Elizabeth Monroe
Eliza and Maria
During the President's term in office, his oldest daughter Eliza often substituted as official White House hostess for her ailing mother, the First Lady. Appearing as a haughty and often pompous socialite, Eliza soon alienated most of Washington society for her refusal to call on wives of the diplomatic corps, as was the custom. She caused another uproar when she closed her sister's wedding to all but family and friends. The second daughter named Maria was only a child when her father was elected president. When she finished school in Philadelphia, she moved into the Executive Residence in 1819. On March 9, 1820, she married her first cousin, Samuel L. Gouverneur, in the first wedding ever performed at the White House. The President and First Lady's only son, James, died much earlier in childhood.
James Madison.jpg Madison March 4, 1809

March 4, 1817
James and Dolley Madison
and John
Prior to becoming First Lady and marrying the President, Dolley Madison was a widow who had two children, John Payne Todd and William Temple Todd, from a previous marriage to Quaker lawyer John Todd. Her husband and youngest son both suddenly died when yellow fever struck Philadelphia in 1793. The following year, she accepted Madison's proposal of marriage. Madison adopted her oldest son John. Perhaps Dolley Madison's most courageous act as First Lady was when she removed and saved several priceless valuables, objets d'art, china, silverware, and the famous Lansdowne portrait of George Washington painted by Gilbert Stuart prior to British Redcoats burning down the White House during the War of 1812.
Official Presidential portrait of Thomas Jefferson (by Rembrandt Peale, 1800).jpg Jefferson March 4, 1801

March 4, 1809
Thomas Jefferson and Martha Randolph (Daughter)
There was no First Lady during the Presidency as Jefferson's former wife, Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson, died shortly after giving birth to their sixth child in 1782. In the conspicuous absence of First Lady, James Madison's wife, Dolley Madison, often served in the capacity as a White House hostess. Out of all six children of the Jefferson's, only Martha and Mary would survive into early adulthood.
JAdamsStuart.jpg J. Adams March 4, 1797

March 4, 1801
John and Abigail Adams
Nabby, John Quincy, Charles
and Thomas
The First Family during the Adams administration was the first to reside in the newly constructed White House (then known as the President's House) designed by Irish architect James Hoban. In 1797, the President appointed his oldest son, John Quincy, as Minister to Prussia. In 1800, the President and First Lady's second oldest son Charles, died due to complications of alcoholism. Following in his father's footsteps, John Quincy would eventually be elected to the Presidency in 1824 and take the oath of office the next year.
Edward Savage - The Washington Family - Google Art Project.jpg Washington April 30, 1789

March 4, 1797
George and Martha Washington
Nelly and George
Since the Federal City was not completed when the President was inaugurated in 1789, the capital of the United States was first located in New York City between the years 1785 and 1790, later uprooting the Federal Government and moving it temporarily to the city of Philadelphia between the years 1790 and 1800. Because of this, the First Family never lived in the unfinished White House. Between April 1789 and February 1790, the First Family resided at the Alexander Macomb mansion at 39–41 Broadway Avenue in New York City. In Philadelphia, Robert Morris's mansion at 190 High Street was rented for the First Family to reside at. During his lifetime, the President never had children. However, he adopted the First Lady's two children, Jack and Patsy, from a previous marriage to Daniel Parke Custis. Likewise, the President also raised the First Lady's two youngest grandchildren, Nelly and George.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Haberman, Maggie (November 20, 2016). "Melania and Barron Trump Won't Immediately Move to White House". The New York Times. Retrieved November 21, 2016.