First Horizon Bank

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
First Horizon Corporation
Company typePublic company
IndustryFinancial services
FoundedMarch 25, 1864; 160 years ago (1864-03-25)
FounderFrank S. Davis
HeadquartersMemphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Key people
Bryan Jordan
(President and CEO)
Hope Dmuchowski
Increase US$198 million (2022)
Total assetsIncrease US$88.7 billion (2022)[1]
Total equityIncrease US$8.7 billion (2022)
Number of employees
7,600 (2022)
Footnotes / references

First Horizon Corporation, formerly First Tennessee Bank, is a financial services company, founded in 1864, and based in Memphis, Tennessee. Through its banking subsidiary First Horizon Bank, it provides financial services through locations in 12 states across the Southeast, a region in which it is the fourth largest regional bank.

In November 2019, First Horizon Corporation and IberiaBank Corporation agreed to merge, closing in July 2020. The combined bank is based in Memphis, Tennessee, and uses the First Horizon name.

The bank gained national attention during the 2023 banking crisis, in which multiple regional banks across the United States as well as the Swiss institution Credit Suisse all collapsed and were bought out. First Horizon's stock price began to plummet in the wake of both a merger with Toronto-Dominion Bank being called off and the collapse of First Republic Bank in San Francisco.


A First Horizon Bank in Cleveland, Tennessee

Frank S. Davis founded First National Bank, the first nationally chartered bank in Memphis after passage of the National Banking Act of 1863. Though the city was under martial law after being captured by Union forces in the Civil War, First National Bank of Memphis was officially chartered for business on March 25, 1864.,[3] during the American Civil War.

The bank acquired German Bank in 1895. First National was one of five banks in the twelve districts to help implement the Federal Reserve Act of 1913.[3] and in 1914, the bank participated in the organization of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. The bank merged with Central-State National Bank in 1926. The merged bank retained First National's name and charter, but was led by Central-State's management team.[3]

In 1942, the bank opened its first suburban branch and by 1952 First National had seven offices. In 1961, a 25-story tower was announced. The 23-story headquarters was completed three years later,[3] at which time First National also opened six branches.[citation needed] As of 1967, First National was the largest bank in the Mid-South. A holding company, First National Holding Corporation, was created in 1969. Two years later, this became First Tennessee National Corporation, with the intention of acquiring other banks. The company acquired five banks in 1972, and as more banks became part of the company, their names changed to First Tennessee Bank. In 1977, First National also became First Tennessee Bank.[3]

In 1981 First Express became the first national check-clearing service, and First Tennessee offered brokerage services starting the next year.[3]

In 1995, with the purchases of Maryland National Mortgage Corporation and SNMC Management Corporation, First Tennessee had $6 billion in mortgage origination and was one of the country's top 10 mortgage originators.[3]

Allen B. Morgan was named president in 1960, chief executive in 1967, and chairman in 1969.[3]

During the 1980s, the company also expanded into mortgage brokerage, mortgage loan origination, and insurance.[3]

In 1993, the bank acquired MNC Mortgage.[3]

In 1994, the bank acquired Peoples Commercial Services Corporation.[3]

In 1995, with the purchases of Maryland National Mortgage Corporation and SNMC Management Corporation, First Tennessee had $6 billion in mortgage origination and was one of the country's top 10 mortgage originators.[3]

In 1999, to reflect its diversification, the bank adopted the slogan, All Things Financial.[4]

In 2004, the company changed its name to First Horizon National Corporation to reflect its interstate growth.[5]

In May 2007, the company acquired Republic Mortgage, based in Las Vegas.[6]

In September 2007, the company sold 34 branches outside of Tennessee, including 13 branches to M&T Bank, 10 branches to Sterling Bank, 9 branches to Fifth Third, and 2 branches to FMCB Holdings.

In June 2008, the company sold its residential-mortgage origination and servicing business to Metlife.[7]

In November 2008, the United States Department of the Treasury invested $866 million in the company as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program and in December 2010, the company repurchased the investment from the Treasury.[8]

Logo of First Tennessee prior to rebranding to First Horizon.

Across the 2010s, First Horizon acquired three regional banks, starting in 2013, when it acquired the failing Mountain National Bank. In 2015, First Horizon acquired TrustAtlantic, and Capital Bank Financial in 2017. In 2019, First Horizon merged with IberiaBank to create a bank with $79 billion in assets and $58 billion in loans.[9][10] Also in 2019, First Horizon announced it was going to rebrand all of its services under the same First Horizon name. The change encompassing First Tennessee Bank, Capital Bank, FTB Advisors and FTN Financial became effective at the close of business on October 25, 2019, with signage changes expected to be complete throughout those holdings by early 2020.[11]

On February 28, 2022, Toronto-based TD Bank Group announced that it would acquire First Horizon Corporation in an all-cash deal of $13.4 billion in what would have been the second-largest bank deal in recent U.S. history.[12][13] On May 4, 2023, the companies announced that the acquisition would not proceed citing regulatory uncertainties, with TD owing First Horizon a total of $225 million in break-up fees as part of the termination agreement.[14] The merger's calloff happened within the same week as the collapse and buyout of First Republic Bank by JPMorgan Chase, and the bank's financial failures are seen as part of the 2023 banking crisis. Reports of First Horizon's calloff were paired with the news of PacWest Bancorp itself heading on a lifeline.[15]

Consumer and Business Banking[edit]

First Horizon banking services are available to individual consumers as well as businesses of all sizes.

On October 11, 2016, First Tennessee announced the opening of its first Piedmont Triad retail branch in Winston-Salem. The bank had offered commercial banking and real estate and wealth-management services in the city since 2004. From 2003 to 2016, Winston-Salem was also the headquarters of the Mid-Atlantic Region, including the Triangle, Charlotte and Greenville in North Carolina; Richmond in Virginia; Charleston in South Carolina; and Jacksonville in Florida. The new regional headquarters was in Raleigh, where First Tennessee had four branches after buying TrustAtlantic Bank in 2015.[16]


  1. ^ Donnelly, Grace (6 July 2020). "First Horizon Bank completes merger with IberiaBank". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  2. ^ "First Horizon National Corporation 2018 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "First Tennessee National Corporation." International Directory of Company Histories, edited by Paula Kepos, vol. 11, St. James Press, 1995, pp. 120-121. Gale Virtual Reference Library.
  4. ^ "First Horizon Bank Announces Opening of Old Town Alexandria Financial Center". Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  5. ^ "Our History - First Horizon National Corporation". Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  6. ^ "First Horizon Acquires Las Vegas-Based Republic Mortgage". Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  7. ^ "Metlife Bank to acquire select assets from First Horizon National Corporation". 2008.
  8. ^ "First Horizon to Repay TARP Funds". Memphis Daily News. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  9. ^ "Mergers & Acquisitions - First Horizon Corporation". Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  10. ^ "Corporation Complete Merger of Equals". Press Release: First Horizon Investor Relations. July 2, 2020. Archived from the original on October 25, 2020.
  11. ^ "FAQs - First Horizon Bank". Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  12. ^ Craver, Richard (February 28, 2022). "First Horizon agrees to be sold to Toronto's TD Bank Group for $13.4 billion; deal would be second largest in U.S. since Great Recession". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved March 1, 2022.
  13. ^ Kylee, John (February 28, 2022). "First Horizon to be acquired in $13.4B deal with Toronto-based TD Bank". Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved May 20, 2022.
  14. ^ Marchese, Adriano (May 4, 2023). "Toronto-Dominion Bank, First Horizon Terminate Merger Agreement". Wall Street Journal.
  15. ^ Goldman, David (2023-05-04). "First Horizon stock tumbles after TD Bank merger collapses | CNN Business". CNN. Retrieved 2023-05-04.
  16. ^ Craver, Richard (October 12, 2016). "First Tennessee opens first retail branch in Winston-Salem". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved October 12, 2016.

External links[edit]

  • Official website
  • Business data for First Horizon Corporation: