First Lady of Tunisia

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First Lady of Tunisia
Flag of Tunisia.svg
Incumbent
Siren Ennaceur

since July 25, 2019
StyleMadame
Mrs. Ennaceur
ResidenceCarthage Palace
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Inaugural holderMoufida Bourguiba
FormationJuly 25, 1957

The First Lady of Tunisia (Arabic: سيدة تونس الأولى‎, French: Première dame de Tunisie) usually refers to the wife of the President of Tunisia. They often play a protocol role at the Carthage Palace and during official visits, though possess no official title. Siren Ennaceur is the spouse of the current president, Mohamed Ennaceur, who took office on 25 July 2019. It is not a public office nor an official title.

First Ladies of Tunisia[edit]

Name Portrait Term Begins Term Ends President of Tunisia Notes
Moufida Bourguiba Picture of Moufida Bourguiba.jpg 25 July 1957 21 July 1961 (Divorced)[1] Habib Bourguiba Born in France as Mathilde Lorrain, Bourguiba was the inaugural First Lady of Tunisia from independence in 1957 until her divorce from President Habib Bourguiba, which was announced on 21 July 1961.[1]
Position Vacant 21 July 1961 12 April 1962 Habib Bourguiba
Wassila Bourguiba[1] Wassila Bourguiba 1962.jpg 12 April 1962 (Married)[1] 11 August 1986 (Divorced) Habib Bourguiba President Bourguiba married Wassila Ben Ammar on 12 April 1962. Wassila Bourguiba wielded considerable influence in Tunisian politics during her later years as first lady.[2] The couple divorced in 1986 after 24 years of marriage. Their divorce was announced by the government on 11 August 1986.[2]
Naïma Ben Ali [fr] 7 November 1987 1988 (Divorced) Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Naïma Ben Ali and President Ben Ali, who had married in 1964, divorced in 1988.
Position Vacant 1988 26 March 1992 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali President Ben Ali and his first wife, then-first lady Naïma Ben Ali, divorced in 1988. Prior to the divorce, President Ben Ali had a daughter out-of-wedlock with Leïla Trabelsi in 1987.[3] President Ben Ali moved Trabelsi into Carthage Palace on November 7, 1987, but they remained unmarried until 1992.[3]
Leïla Ben Ali Tunisian first lady Leila Ben Ali (close-up).jpg 26 March 1992 (Married)[4] 15 January 2011[5] Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Leïla Ben Ali married President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali on 26 March 1992, making her the official first lady.[3][4] Prior to the wedding, Leïla Ben Ali had lived with President Ben Ali at the presidential palace since 1987.[3]
Lilia Mebazaa[6] 15 January 2011 13 December 2011 Fouad Mebazaa
Béatrice Marzouki [ar] 13 December 2011 31 December 2014 Moncef Marzouki Of French origin
Chadlia Saïda Farhat Chadlia Caid Essebsi.jpg 31 December 2014 25 July 2019 Beji Caid Essebsi First presidential first lady of the Second Republic.
Siren Ennaceur [fr] 25 July 2019 Mohamed Ennaceur Of Norwegian origin[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Borsten, Joan (1985-06-16). "Arab World`s Most Powerful Woman". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 2018-10-21. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  2. ^ a b "Tunisian president, 83, divorces for second time". United Press International. 1986-08-11. Archived from the original on 2019-08-14. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  3. ^ a b c d Barrouhi, Abdelaziz (2012-03-08). "Fallen Queens: Tunisia's femme fatale". The Africa Report. Archived from the original on 2019-08-14. Retrieved 2019-08-19.
  4. ^ a b Gauthier-Villars, David (2010-06-20). "How 'The Family' Controlled Tunisia". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
  5. ^ "Tunisia's ex-first lady to tell her "truth" in memoir". Reuters News. 2012-04-04. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2012-08-09.
  6. ^ Tuquoi, Jean-Pierre (2011-01-17). "Le nouveau président, un apparatchik du régime déchu". Le Monde. Archived from the original on 2018-12-01. Retrieved 2014-11-29.
  7. ^ Bråten Mossing, Julianne (2019-07-29). "Hun fant kjærligheten i Paris da hun var 16 år. Nå er Siren Ennaceur førstedame (80) i Tunisia". Aftenposten. Archived from the original on 2019-07-28. Retrieved 2019-07-29.
  8. ^ Brandtzæg Clausen, Vilde (2019-07-26). "Bergenskvinnen Siren er Tunisias nye førstedame". TV 2 (Norway). Archived from the original on 2019-07-28. Retrieved 2019-08-14.