Tory government, 1783–1801

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Tory William Pitt the Younger led the government of the Kingdom of Great Britain from 1783 to 1801. In 1800, the Acts of Union between Great Britain and Ireland were accepted by their respective parliaments, creating the new United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which would be governed by the former Parliament of Great Britain, now the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Pitt governed this new state for the first month of its existence, until differences with King George III over Catholic Emancipation caused him to resign.

The first Pitt the Younger ministry lasted from 1783 to 1784, the second from 1784 to 1790, the third from 1790 to 1796, and the fourth from 1796 to 1801.

List of Ministers[edit]


Office Name Term
First Lord of the Treasury
Chancellor of the Exchequer
William Pitt the Younger 1783–1801
Lord Chancellor The Lord Thurlow 1783–1792
Lord President of the Council The Earl Gower 1783–1784
Lord Privy Seal The Duke of Rutland 1783–1784
Foreign Secretary The Marquess of Carmarthen 1783–1791
Home Secretary The Lord Sydney 1783–1789
First Lord of the Admiralty The Viscount Howe 1783–1788
Master-General of the Ordnance The Duke of Richmond 1784–1795


Note: For the first several days of the ministry, Lord Temple held both the secretaryships of state.
  • March 1784 – The Duke of Rutland becomes Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, remaining also Lord Privy Seal.
  • December 1784 – Lord Gower (Lord Stafford from 1786) succeeds the Duke of Rutland as Lord Privy Seal (Rutland remains Viceroy of Ireland). Lord Camden succeeds Gower as Lord President.
  • November 1787 – Lord Buckingham succeeds the Duke of Rutland as Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland
  • July 1788 – Lord Chatham, Pitt's elder brother, succeeds Lord Howe as First Lord of the Admiralty
  • June 1789 – William Wyndham Grenville (Lord Grenville from 1790), succeeds Lord Sydney as Home Secretary.
  • October 1789 – Lord Westmorland succeeds Lord Buckingham as Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland
  • June 1791 – Lord Grenville succeeds the Duke of Leeds (Lord Carmarthen before 1789) as Foreign Secretary. Henry Dundas succeeds Grenville as Home Secretary. Lord Hawkesbury (from 1796 the Earl of Liverpool), the President of the Board of Trade, joins the Cabinet.
  • June 1792 – Lord Thurlow resigns as Lord Chancellor. The Great Seal goes into commission.
  • January 1793 – Lord Loughborough becomes Lord Chancellor
  • July 1794 – Lord Fitzwilliam succeeds Lord Camden as Lord President. Henry Dundas takes the new Secretaryship of State for War, while the Duke of Portland succeeds Dundas as Home Secretary. Lord Spencer succeeds Stafford as Lord Privy Seal. William Windham enters the Cabinet as Secretary at War.
  • December 1794 – Lord Chatham succeeds Spencer as Lord Privy Seal. Lord Spencer succeeds Chatham as First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Fitzwilliam succeeds Lord Westmorland as Viceroy of Ireland. Lord Mansfield succeeds Fitzwilliam as Lord President.
  • February 1795 – Lord Cornwallis succeeds the Duke of Richmond as Master-General of the Ordnance.
  • March 1795 – Lord Camden succeeds Lord Fitzwilliam as Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • September 1796 – Lord Chatham succeeds Lord Mansfield as Lord President, remaining also Lord Privy Seal.
  • February 1798 – Lord Westmorland succeeds Lord Chatham as Lord Privy Seal. Chatham remains Lord President.
  • June 1798 – Lord Cornwallis succeeds Lord Camden as Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, remaining also Master-General of the Ordnance.
  • February 1801 – Lord Grenville, Lord Spencer, and William Windham resign from the Cabinet. The first two are succeeded by Lord Hawkesbury and Lord St Vincent, while Windham's successor is not in cabinet.


  • Chris Cook and John Stevenson, British Historical Facts 1760–1830
Preceded by
Fox–North coalition
Government of Great Britain
Succeeded by
Acts of Union
Preceded by
Acts of Union
Government of the United Kingdom
Succeeded by
First Addington ministry