First Rockingham ministry
|First Rockingham ministry|
|Date formed||13 July 1765|
|Date dissolved||30 July 1766|
|People and organisations|
|Prime Minister||Lord Rockingham|
|Total no. of ministers||12 appointments|
|Member party||Rockingham Whigs|
|Status in legislature||Majority|
|Legislature term(s)||12th GB Parliament|
The First Rockingham ministry was a British ministry headed by the Marquess of Rockingham from 1765 to 1766 during the reign of King George III. The government was made up mainly of his followers known as the Rockingham Whigs. The most influential member of the government was the Duke of Newcastle, a former Prime Minister, who served as Lord Privy Seal. It is often referred to as the only government ever to have been made up almost entirely of members of the Jockey Club, with Rockingham himself being a prominent patron and follower of the turf. Rockingham was noted for his ignorance of foreign affairs, and his ministry failed to reverse the growing isolation of Britain within Europe (Simms 2008, p. 520).
|Portfolio||Minister||Took office||Left office||Party|
|The Marquess of Rockingham*||13 July 1765||30 July 1766||Whig|
|Lord Chancellor||The Earl of Northington||16 January 1761||30 July 1766||Whig|
|Lord President of the Council||The Earl of Winchilsea||12 July 1765||30 July 1766||Whig|
|Lord Privy Seal||The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne||1765||1766||Whig|
|Chancellor of the Exchequer||William Dowdeswell||16 July 1765||2 August 1766||Whig|
|Secretary of State for the Northern Department||The Duke of Grafton||12 July 1765||14 May 1766||Whig|
|Henry Seymour Conway||23 May 1766||20 January 1768||Whig|
|Henry Seymour Conway||12 July 1765||23 May 1766||Whig|
|Secretary of State for the Southern Department||The Duke of Richmond||23 May 1766||29 July 1766||Whig|
|First Lord of the Admiralty||The Earl of Egmont||1763||1766||Whig|
|Master-General of the Ordnance||The Marquess of Granby||1763||1770||Independent|
|Minister without Portfolio||The Duke of Cumberland||1765||1766||Independent|
- October 1765 – The Duke of Cumberland, also the uncle of King George III, dies.
- May 1766 – The Duke of Grafton resigns from the cabinet. Henry Seymour Conway succeeds him as Northern Secretary, and the Duke of Richmond succeeds Conway as Southern Secretary.
Ministers not in Cabinet
- Browning, Reed (1975). The Duke of Newcastle. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-01746-5.
- Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John (28 February 1980). British Historical Facts: 1760–1830. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-333-21512-8.
- Hibbert, Christopher (1999). George III: A Personal History. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-025737-3.
- Simms, Brendan (2008). Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-028984-8.
| Government of Great Britain