First Rutte cabinet

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First Rutte cabinet
Rutte–Verhagen cabinet
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
68th cabinet of the Netherlands
Kabinet-rutte436.jpg ZetelsRutte-metPVV.svg
The cabinet members of the First Rutte cabinet on 14 October 2010
Date formed 14 October 2010 (2010-10-14)
Date dissolved 5 November 2012 (2012-11-05)
(Demissionary from 23 April 2012 (2012-04-23))
People and organisations
Head of state Queen Beatrix
Head of government Mark Rutte
Deputy head of government Maxime Verhagen
No. of ministers 12
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
1
Total no. of ministers 13
Member party

People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(VVD)
Christian Democratic Appeal
(CDA)


Party for Freedom
(PVV)
(Confidence and supply)
Status in legislature Right-wing Minority government
Opposition party Labour Party
Opposition leader Job Cohen (2010–2012)
Jeroen Dijsselbloem (2012)
Diederik Samsom (2012)
History
Election(s) 2010 election
Outgoing election 2012 election
Legislature term(s) 2010–2012
Incoming formation 2010 formation
Outgoing formation 2012 formation
Predecessor Fourth Balkenende cabinet
Successor Second Rutte cabinet
Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

The First Rutte cabinet, also called the Rutte–Verhagen cabinet was the cabinet of the Netherlands from 14 October 2010 until 5 November 2012. The cabinet was formed by the political parties People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) after the election of 2010. The right-wing cabinet was a minority government in the House of Representatives but was supported by the Party for Freedom (PVV) for a majority. It was the first of three cabinets of Mark Rutte, the Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy as Prime Minister, with Maxime Verhagen the Leader of the Christian Democratic Appeal serving as Deputy Prime Minister.

Formation[edit]

Following the collapse of the fourth Balkenende cabinet on 20 February 2010, elections for the House of Representatives were held on 9 June 2010. As usual in Dutch politics, none of the parties had a majority and several Informateurs were appointed to investigate the formation of a coalition cabinet. A broad coalition consisting of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Christian Democratic Appeal and the Labour Party was briefly looked at, but dismissed. Then negotiations for a "purple plus" coalition consisting of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Labour Party, Democrats 66 and GreenLeft lasted for about three weeks, but the parties could not reach agreement on the amount of budget cuts. Finally, a construction which is rare for the Netherlands was investigated: a minority coalition consisting of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Christian Democratic Appeal (together 52 out of 150 seats in the House of Representatives), supported in parliament by the Party for Freedom (24 seats), to make the smallest possible majority of 76 seats. The reason for this construction was that parties agreed that the largest party the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and the largest winner in the elections needed to be in power; only the Christian Democratic Appeal could or wanted to help make a majority, but they were against forming a proper coalition with Party for Freedom because of their different views on Islam and immigration. Therefore, negotiations were held to form a coalition agreement between the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Christian Democratic Appeal, and to form a "parliamentary support agreement" between all three parties, which were successfully finished on 30 September 2010.

When Rutte took office on 14 October, it marked the first time that the VVD had led a government since its formation in 1946. It also marked the first liberal-led government since 1913.

The opposition parties expected that the coalition would prove to be unstable because at a special Christian Democratic Appeal conference, about a third of the Christian Democratic Appeal members voted against the formation of this cabinet. Also, in the Christian Democratic Appeal parliamentary fraction at least two people indicated they have difficulties with the cabinet, but say they will support it because the majority of the party approves of the cabinet. When the cabinet took office, the three parties had a minority in the Senate of 35 out of 75 seats. The parties hoped this would change following the Dutch Senate election of 2011, but they obtained 37 seats, one short of a majority. However, it is expected that the small Christian party Reformed Political Party, which obtained one seat, will support the cabinet in the Senate.

The cabinet consisted of 12 Ministers and 8 State secretaries. The positions where divided equally among the coalition members, regardless of their respective size: People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (31 seats in parliament) supplied 6 Ministers and 4 State secretaries, and Christian Democratic Appeal (21 seats) also supplied 6 Ministers and 4 State secretaries.

Prime Minister Mark Rutte and Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Nick Clegg in the Torentje on 15 November 2010.
State Secretary for Security and Justice Fred Teeven and United States Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano in The Hague on 22 June 2011.
Prime Minister Mark Rutte and Prime Minister of Vietnam Nguyễn Tấn Dũng at the Binnenhof on 28 September 2011.
Prime Minister Mark Rutte and Prime Minister of Russia Vladimir Putin in the White House on 20 October 2011.
Prime Minister Mark Rutte and President of the United States Barack Obama in the Oval Office on 29 November 2011.
Prime Minister of Belgium Elio Di Rupo and Prime Minister Mark Rutte at a press conference in the Catshuis on 18 January 2012.

Term[edit]

Policy[edit]

In accordance with the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy approach to laissez-faire and a small government the number of ministers and State Secretaries was reduced from the previous cabinet by merging several ministries. The Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality was merged with the Ministry of Economic Affairs to vorm a combined Ministry Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation. The Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment was merged with the Ministry of Transport and Water Management to form the new Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment. Also the portfolio of Public security was transferred from the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations to the Ministry of Justice which was renamed as the Ministry of Security and Justice. Also the position of the Minister for Development Cooperation, a long serving Minister without portfolio title that had been used continuously since 1965 except for a small break from 2002 until 2003 was scrapped and replaced by the return of a Minister without portfolio for Immigration and Asylum Affairs like in the previous Cabinets Balkenende I, II and III, but this time the Minister without portfolio for Immigration and Asylum Affairs was placed in the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations instead of the Ministry of Security and Justice.

Withdrawal of support of the Party for Freedom[edit]

Because of the financial crisis in the Netherlands and because of the rules of the Euro convergence criteria that the deficit should be maximum 3%, the Leaders of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy Mark Rutte, Christian Democratic Appeal Maxime Verhagen and the Party for Freedom Geert Wilders decided to talk with each other about new, severe austerity measures, worth about 14 billion Euro. The negotiations about the measures were held in the Catshuis and lasted 7 weeks and ended on 21 April when Geert Wilders walked out of the negotiations. The reason he gave was that the measure would negatively impact people who receive benefits from the pensions law. Both Mark Rutte and Maxime Verhagen blamed Wilders for the failure of the negotiations. As a result, the government resigned and a new election was called.

Composition Changes[edit]

On 16 December 2011 Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations Piet Hein Donner (CDA) resigned after he was nominated as the new Vice-President of the Council of State succeeding Herman Tjeenk Willink. He was replaced as Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations by former Chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Appeal Liesbeth Spies. Piet Hein Donner as Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations was responsible for the portfolio of Integration. When he resigned the Integration portfolio was transferred to Minister without portfolio Gerd Leers.[1][2][3]

Cabinet Members[edit]

Ministers Title/Ministry Term of office Party
Mark Rutte Mark Rutte
(born 1967)
Prime Minister General Affairs 14 October 2010 –
Incumbent
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Maxime Verhagen Maxime Verhagen
(born 1956)
Deputy Prime Minister /
Minister
Economic Affairs,
Agriculture and Innovation
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Piet Hein Donner Piet Hein Donner
(born 1948)
Minister Interior and Kingdom
Relations
14 October 2010 –
16 December 2011
[Appt]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Liesbeth Spies Liesbeth Spies
(born 1966)
16 December 2011 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Uri Rosenthal Dr.
Uri Rosenthal
(born 1945)
Minister Foreign Affairs 14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Jan Kees de Jager Jan Kees de Jager
(born 1969)
Minister Finance 23 February 2010 –
5 November 2012
[Retained]
Christian Democratic Appeal
Ivo Opstelten Ivo Opstelten
(born 1944)
Minister Security and
Justice
14 October 2010 –
10 March 2015
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Hans Hillen Hans Hillen
(born 1947)
Minister Defence 14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Edith Schippers Edith Schippers
(born 1964)
Minister Health, Welfare
and Sport
14 October 2010 –
26 October 2017
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Henk Kamp Henk Kamp
(born 1952)
Minister Social Affairs and
Employment
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Marja van Bijsterveldt Marja van Bijsterveldt
(born 1961)
Minister Education, Culture
and Science
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Melanie Schultz van Haegen Melanie Schultz van Haegen
(born 1970)
Minister Infrastructure and
the Environment
14 October 2010 –
26 October 2017
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Minister without portfolio Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Gerd Leers Gerd Leers
(born 1951)
Minister Immigration and Asylum Affairs

(within Interior and Kingdom
Relations
)
14 October 2010 –
16 December 2011
Christian Democratic Appeal
Integration, Immigration
and Asylum Affairs

(within Interior and Kingdom
Relations
)
16 December 2011 –
5 November 2012
State Secretaries Title/Portfolio/Ministry Term of office Party
Ben Knapen Dr.
Ben Knapen
(born 1951)
State Secretary
[Title]
• European Affairs
• NATO Affairs
• Benelux Affairs
• Development Cooperation

(within Foreign Affairs)
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Frans Weekers Frans Weekers
(born 1967)
State Secretary • Fiscal Affairs
• Tax and Customs Administration
• Local Government Finances
• National Mint
• State Lottery

(within Finance)
14 October 2010 –
30 January 2014
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Fred Teeven Fred Teeven
(born 1958)
State Secretary
[Title]
• Public Prosecution Service
• Privacy Policy
• Administrative Law
• Family Law
• Youth Justice
• International Law
• Prison Administration
• Gambling Policy
• Copyright Law
• Rehabilitation
• Prevention
• Debt Management
• Minority Affairs

(within Security and
Justice
)
14 October 2010 –
10 March 2015
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Henk Bleker Dr.
Henk Bleker
(born 1953)
State Secretary
[Title]
• International Trade
• Export Promotion
• Postal Service
• Tourism Affairs
• Nature Policy
• Agricultural Management
• Food Policy
• Rural Development
• Environmental Remediation
• Fisheries
• Forestry
• Animal Welfare

(within Economic Affairs,
Agriculture and Innovation
)
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Marlies Veldhuijzen van Zanten Marlies Veldhuijzen van Zanten
(born 1953)
State Secretary • Youth Policy
• Elderly Policy
• Disability Affairs
• Veteran Affairs
• Biotechnology Policy
• Medical Ethics Policy

(within Health, Welfare
and Sport
)
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Paul de Krom Paul de Krom
(born 1963)
State Secretary • Social Security
• Unemployment Affairs
• Occupational Safety
• Social Services
• Poverty Policy
• Equality
• Emancipation

(within Social Affairs and
Employment
)
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Halbe Zijlstra Halbe Zijlstra
(born 1969)
State Secretary • Higher Education
• Teacher Policy
• Science Policy
• Media Affairs
• Culture Policy
• Arts Policy

(within Education, Culture
and Science
)
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Joop Atsma Joop Atsma
(Born 1956)
State Secretary • Aviation Infrastructure
• Water Infrastructure
• Environmental Policy
• Weather Forecasting Service

(within Infrastructure and
the Environment
)
14 October 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian Democratic Appeal
Source: (in Dutch) Kabinet-Rutte-Verhagen Rijksoverheid
Retained Retained this position from the previous cabinet.
Appt Appointment: Piet Hein Donner appointed Vice-President of the Council of State.
Title Allowed to use the title of Minister while on foreign business.

Trivia[edit]

  • Four cabinet members of the CDA; Maxime Verhagen, Jan Kees de Jager, Piet Hein Donner and Marja van Bijsterveldt served in the previous cabinet, only Jan Kees de Jager continued in the same function.
  • The age difference between the oldest cabinet member Ivo Opstelten (66 years, 256 days) and the youngest Melanie Schultz van Haegen (40 years, 108 days) was 26 years, 148 days.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Dutch) Benoeming Spies tot minister vrijdag verwacht, NOS, 15 December 2011
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Donner naar Raad van State, NOS, 16 December 2011
  3. ^ (in Dutch) 'Spies volgt Donner op in kabinet', NU.nl, 16 December 2011

External links[edit]

Official