First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff

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Office of the First Sea Lord and
Chief of the Naval Staff
Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Ensign of the Royal Navy
US Navy photo 191120-N-BB269-1046 U.S., U.K., Japan Navies Reaffirm Commitment to Increased Cooperation (Tony Radakin cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Admiral Tony Radakin

since June 2019
Ministry of Defence
Abbreviation1SL/CNS
Member ofDefence Council
Admiralty Board
Reports toChief of the Defence Staff
NominatorSecretary of State for Defence
AppointerPrime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (typically 3–4 years)
FormationSenior Naval Lord (1689–1771)
First Naval Lord (1771–1904)
First Sea Lord (from 1904)
First holderAdmiral of the Fleet Sir John Fisher
DeputyVice Chief of the Naval Staff (1941–1946)
Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
WebsiteOfficial Website

The First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff (1SL/CNS)[1][2][3] is the professional head of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy and Naval Service. Admiral Tony Radakin was appointed First Sea Lord in June 2019.[4]

Originally titled the "Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty" when the post was created in 1689,[5] the office was re-styled "First Naval Lord" in 1771.[6] The concept of a professional "First Naval Lord" was introduced in 1805,[7] and the title of the office was changed to "First Sea Lord" on the appointment of Sir John Fisher in 1904. Since 1923, the First Sea Lord has been a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee; he now sits on the Defence Council and the Admiralty Board.[8]

History[edit]

Lords Admiral were appointed from the 15th century; they were later styled Lords High Admiral until the 18th century, and Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty from the 17th century, as the governors of the English and later British Royal Navy. From 1683 to 1684, there were seven paid Commissioners, and one unpaid supernumerary Commissioner. The number varied between five and seven Commissioners through the 18th century. The standing of all the Commissioners was in theory the same, although the First Commissioner or First Lord exercised an ascendancy over his colleagues from an early date.[9]

The generally recognized office of Senior Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty was established on 8 March 1689,[5] with the first incumbent being Admiral Arthur Herbert; he was also First Lord of the Admiralty. On 20 January 1690 Admiral Herbert was succeeded by Admiral Sir John Chicheley[5] under First Lord of Admiralty Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke.[9]

On 22 May 1702 the Board of Admiralty ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced by the Lord Admiral's Council.[5] The previous office of Senior Naval Lord was replaced by a Senior Member to the Lords Admiral Council; he was usually a serving naval officer of Admiral rank and was the Chief Naval Adviser to the Lord Admiral. This lasted until 8 November 1709, when the Board of Admiralty resumed control of Naval Affairs and the post of Senior Naval Lord was resumed.[9]

On 2 February 1771 the office of Senior Naval Lord was renamed to First Naval Lord.[6] The first post holder was Vice-Admiral Augustus Hervey; he first served under First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. In 1805, for the first time, specific functions were assigned to each of the 'Naval' Lords, who were described as 'Professional' Lords, leaving to the 'Civil' Lords the routine business of signing documents.[9] On 2 May 1827[10] the Board of Admiralty once again ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced, until 1828, by a Lord High Admirals Council.[9]

The title of the First Naval Lord was changed to First Sea Lord on the appointment of Sir Jackie Fisher in 1904.[11] In 1917 the First Sea Lord was re-styled First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff.[12] From 1923 onward, the First Sea Lord was a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, and from 1923 to 1959, in rotation with the representatives of the other services (the Chief of the Imperial General Staff and Chief of the Air Staff), he served as the chairman of that committee and head of all British armed forces.[a] The title was retained when the Board of Admiralty was abolished in 1964 and the Board's functions were integrated into the Ministry of Defence.[13]

Under the current organisation, the First Sea Lord sits on the Defence Council,[2] the Admiralty Board[2] and the Navy Board.[14]

Since 2012, the flagship of the First Sea Lord has nominally been the ship of the line HMS Victory, which used to be Lord Nelson's flagship.[15]

Appointees[edit]

The following table lists all those who have held the post of First Sea Lord or its preceding positions. Ranks and honours are as at the completion of their tenure:

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Time in office Ref
Senior Naval Lords
1
Arthur Herbert
Herbert, ArthurAdmiral
Arthur Herbert
(c.1648–1716)
8 March 168920 January 1690318 days[5]
2
Sir John Chicheley
Chicheley, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Chicheley
(c.1640–1691)
20 January 16905 June 1690136 days[5]
3
Edward Russell
Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Edward Russell
(1653–1727)
5 June 169023 January 1691232 days[5]
4
Henry Priestman
Priestman, HenryCaptain
Henry Priestman
(c.1647–1712)
23 January 16912 May 16943 years, 99 days[5]
(3)
Earl of Orford
Russell, EdwardAdmiral
Earl of Orford
(1653–1727)
2 May 169431 May 16995 years, 29 days[5]
5
Sir George Rooke
Rooke, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Rooke
(1650–1709)
31 May 169926 January 17022 years, 240 days[5]
6
Sir John Leake
Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
8 November 17094 October 1710330 days[16]
7
Sir George Byng
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
4 October 171030 September 17121 year, 362 days[16]
(6)
Sir John Leake
Leake, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Leake
(1656–1720)
30 September 171214 October 17142 years, 14 days[16]
(7)
Sir George Byng
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
14 October 171416 April 17172 years, 184 days[16]
8
Matthew Aylmer
Aylmer, MatthewAdmiral
Matthew Aylmer
(c.1650–1720)
16 April 171719 March 1718337 days[16]
(7)
Sir George Byng
Byng, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Byng
(1663–1733)
19 March 171830 September 17213 years, 195 days[16]
9
Sir John Jennings
Jennings, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Jennings
(1664–1743)
30 September 17211 June 17275 years, 244 days[16]
10
Sir John Norris
Norris, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Norris
(c.1670–1749)
1 June 172713 May 17302 years, 346 days[16]
11
Sir Charles Wager
Wager, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Wager
(1666–1743)
13 May 173023 June 17333 years, 41 days[16]
12
Lord Archibald Hamilton
Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
23 June 173313 March 17384 years, 263 days[16]
13
Lord Harry Powlett
Powlett, HarryAdmiral
Lord Harry Powlett
(1691–1759)
13 March 173819 March 17424 years, 6 days[16]
(12)
Lord Archibald Hamilton
Hamilton, ArchibaldAdmiral
Lord Archibald Hamilton
(1673–1754)
19 March 174225 March 17464 years, 6 days[16]
14
Lord Vere Beauclerk
Beauclerk, VereAdmiral
Lord Vere Beauclerk
(1699–1781)
25 March 174618 November 17493 years, 238 days[16]
15
Lord Anson
Anson, GeorgeAdmiral
Lord Anson
(1697–1762)
18 November 174922 June 17511 year, 216 days[16]
16
Sir William Rowley
Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
22 June 175117 November 17565 years, 148 days[16]
17
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
Boscawen, EdwardVice Admiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
17 November 17566 April 1757140 days[16]
(16)
Sir William Rowley
Rowley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Rowley
(c.1690–1768)
6 April 17572 July 175787 days[16]
(17)
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
Boscawen, EdwardAdmiral
The Honourable Edward Boscawen
(1711–1761)
2 July 175719 March 17613 years, 260 days[16]
18
The Honourable John Forbes
Forbes, JohnAdmiral
The Honourable John Forbes
(1714–1796)
19 March 176120 April 17632 years, 32 days[16]
19
Earl Howe
Howe, RichardAdmiral
Earl Howe
(1726–1799)
20 April 176331 July 17652 years, 102 days[16]
20
Sir Charles Saunders
Saunders, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Saunders
(c.1715–1775)
31 July 176515 September 17661 year, 46 days[16]
21
The Honourable Augustus Keppel
Keppel, AugustusRear Admiral
The Honourable Augustus Keppel
(1725–1786)
15 September 176611 December 176687 days[16]
22
Sir Peircy Brett
Brett, PeircyRear Admiral
Sir Peircy Brett
(1709–1781)
11 December 176628 February 17703 years, 79 days[16]
23
Sir Francis Holburne
Holburne, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Holburne
(1704–1771)
28 February 17702 February 1771339 days[16]
First Naval Lords
24
Augustus Hervey
Hervey, AugustusVice Admiral
Augustus Hervey
(1724–1779)
2 February 177112 April 17754 years, 69 days[6]
25
Sir Hugh Palliser
Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Sir Hugh Palliser
(1723–1796)
12 April 177523 September 17794 years, 164 days[6]
26
Robert Man
Palliser, HughVice Admiral
Robert Man
23 September 177922 September 1780365 days[6]
27
George Darby
Darby, GeorgeVice Admiral
George Darby
(c.1720–1790)
22 September 17801 April 17821 year, 191 days[6]
28
Sir Robert Harland
Harland, RobertAdmiral
Sir Robert Harland
(c.1715–1784)
1 April 178230 January 1783304 days[6]
29
Hugh Pigot
Pigot, HughAdmiral
Hugh Pigot
(1722–1792)
30 January 178331 December 1783335 days[6]
30
John Leveson-Gower
Leveson-Gower, JohnRear Admiral
John Leveson-Gower
(1740–1792)
31 December 178312 August 17895 years, 224 days[6]
31
Lord Hood
Hood, SamuelVice Admiral
Lord Hood
(1724–1816)
12 August 17897 March 17955 years, 207 days[6]
32
Sir Charles Middleton
Middleton, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Middleton
(1726–1813)
7 March 179520 November 1795258 days[6]
33
James Gambier
Gambier, JamesRear Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
20 November 179519 February 18015 years, 91 days[6]
34
Sir Thomas Troubridge
Troubridge, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Troubridge
(c. 1758–1807)
19 February 180115 May 18043 years, 86 days[6]
(33)
James Gambier
Gambier JamesVice Admiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
15 May 180410 February 18061 year, 271 days[6]
35
John Markham
Markham, JohnRear Admiral
John Markham
(1761–1827)
10 February 18066 April 18071 year, 55 days[6]
(33)
James Gambier
Gambier, JamesAdmiral
James Gambier
(1756–1833)
6 April 18079 May 18081 year, 33 days[6]
36
Sir Richard Bickerton
Bickerton, RichardVice Admiral
Sir Richard Bickerton
(1759–1832)
9 May 180825 March 18123 years, 321 days[6]
37
William Domett
Domett, WilliamVice Admiral
William Domett
(1752–1828)
25 March 181223 October 18131 year, 212 days[6]
38
Sir Joseph Yorke
Yorke, JosephVice Admiral
Sir Joseph Yorke
(1768–1831)
23 October 181324 May 18162 years, 214 days[6]
39
Sir Graham Moore
Moore, GrahamVice Admiral
Sir Graham Moore
(1764–1843)
24 May 181613 March 18203 years, 294 days[6]
40
Sir William Johnstone Hope
Johnstone Hope, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Johnstone Hope
(1766–1831)
13 March 18202 May 18277 years, 50 days[6]
41
Sir George Cockburn
Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
19 September 182825 November 18302 years, 67 days[9]
42
Sir Thomas Hardy
Hardy, ThomasRear Admiral
Sir Thomas Hardy
(1769–1839)
25 November 18301 August 18343 years, 249 days[9]
43
The Hon. Sir George Dundas
Dundas, GeorgeRear Admiral
The Hon. Sir George Dundas
(1778–1834)
1 August 18341 November 183492 days[9]
44
Sir Charles Adam
Adam, CharlesRear Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
1 November 183423 December 183452 days[9]
(41)
Sir George Cockburn
Cockburn, GeorgeVice Admiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
23 December 183425 April 1835123 days[9]
(44)
Sir Charles Adam
Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
25 April 18358 September 18416 years, 197 days[9]
(41)
Sir George Cockburn
Cockburn, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Cockburn
(1772–1853)
8 September 184113 July 18464 years, 308 days[9]
45
Sir William Parker
Parker, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Parker
(1781–1866)
13 July 184624 July 184611 days[9]
(44)
Sir Charles Adam
Adam, CharlesVice Admiral
Sir Charles Adam
(1780–1853)
24 July 184620 July 1847361 days[9]
46
Sir James Dundas
Dundas, JamesRear Admiral
Sir James Dundas
(1785–1862)
20 July 184713 February 18524 years, 208 days[9]
47
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
Berkeley, MauriceRear Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
13 February 18522 March 185218 days[9]
48
Hyde Parker
Parker, HydeVice Admiral
Hyde Parker
(1784–1854)
2 March 185226 May 18542 years, 85 days[9]
(47)
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
Berkeley, MauriceVice Admiral
The Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley
(1788–1867)
26 May 185424 November 18572 years, 182 days[9]
48
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
24 November 18578 March 1858104 days[9]
49
Sir William Martin
Martin, WilliamVice Admiral
Sir William Martin
(1801–1895)
8 March 185828 June 18591 year, 112 days[9]
(48)
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
Dundas, RichardVice Admiral
The Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas
(1802–1861)
28 June 185915 June 18611 year, 352 days[9]
50
The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey
Grey, FrederickAdmiral
The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey
(1805–1878)
15 June 186113 July 18665 years, 28 days[9]
51
Sir Alexander Milne
Milne, AlexanderVice Admiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
13 July 186618 December 18682 years, 158 days[9]
52
Sir Sydney Dacres
Dacres, SydneyAdmiral
Sir Sydney Dacres
(1804–1884)
18 December 186827 November 18723 years, 345 days[9]
(51)
Sir Alexander Milne
Milne, AlexanderAdmiral
Sir Alexander Milne
(1806–1896)
27 November 18727 September 18763 years, 285 days[17]
53
Sir Hastings Yelverton
Yelverton, HastingsAdmiral
Sir Hastings Yelverton
(1808–1878)
7 September 18765 November 18771 year, 59 days[17]
54
Sir George Wellesley
Wellesley, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Wellesley
(1814–1901)
5 November 187712 August 18791 year, 280 days[17]
55
Sir Astley Cooper Key
Key, AstleyAdmiral
Sir Astley Cooper Key
(1821–1888)
12 August 18791 July 18855 years, 323 days[17]
56
Sir Arthur Hood
Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
1 July 188515 February 1886229 days[17]
57
Lord John Hay
Hay, JohnAdmiral
Lord John Hay
(1827–1916)
15 February 18869 August 1886175 days[17]
(56)
Sir Arthur Hood
Hood, ArthurAdmiral
Sir Arthur Hood
(1824–1901)
9 August 188624 October 18893 years, 76 days[17]
58
Sir Richard Hamilton
Hamilton, RichardAdmiral
Sir Richard Hamilton
(1829–1912)
24 October 188928 September 18911 year, 339 days[17]
59
Sir Anthony Hoskins
Hoskins, AnthonyAdmiral
Sir Anthony Hoskins
(1828–1901)
28 September 18911 November 18932 years, 34 days[17]
60
Sir Frederick Richards
Richards, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Richards
(1833–1912)
1 November 189319 August 18995 years, 291 days[17]
61
Lord Walter Kerr
Kerr, WalterAdmiral of the Fleet
Lord Walter Kerr
(1839–1927)
19 August 189921 October 19045 years, 63 days[18]
First Sea Lords
62
Sir John Fisher
Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Fisher
(1841–1920)
21 October 190425 January 19105 years, 96 days[19]
63
Sir Arthur Wilson
Wilson, ArthurAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Arthur Wilson
(1842–1921)
25 January 19105 December 19111 year, 314 days[20]
64
Sir Francis Bridgeman
Bridgeman, FrancisAdmiral
Sir Francis Bridgeman
(1848–1929)
5 December 19119 December 19121 year, 4 days[21]
65
Prince Louis of Battenberg
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral
Prince Louis of Battenberg
(1854–1921)
9 December 191230 October 19141 year, 325 days[22]
(62)
The Lord Fisher
Fisher, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fisher
(1841–1920)
30 October 191415 May 1915197 days[23]
66
Sir Henry Jackson
Jackson, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Jackson
(1855–1929)
15 May 191530 November 19161 year, 199 days[24]
67
Sir John Jellicoe
Jellicoe, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Jellicoe
(1859–1935)
30 November 191610 January 19181 year, 41 days[25]
68
Sir Rosslyn Wemyss
Wemyss, RosslynAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rosslyn Wemyss
(1864–1933)
10 January 19181 November 19191 year, 295 days[26]
69
The Earl Beatty
Beatty, DavidAdmiral of the Fleet
The Earl Beatty
(1871–1936)
1 November 191930 July 19277 years, 271 days[27]
70
Sir Charles Madden
Madden, CharlesAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Charles Madden
(1862–1935)
30 July 192730 July 19303 years, 0 days[28]
71
Sir Frederick Field
Field, FrederickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Frederick Field
(1871–1945)
30 July 193021 January 19332 years, 175 days[29]
72
The Lord Chatfield
Chatfield, ErnleAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Chatfield
(1873–1967)
21 January 19337 September 19385 years, 229 days[30]
73
Sir Roger Backhouse
Backhouse, RogerAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Roger Backhouse
(1878–1939)
7 September 193812 June 1939278 days[31]
74
Sir Dudley Pound
Pound, DudleyAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Dudley Pound
(1877–1943)
12 June 193915 October 19434 years, 125 days[32]
75
The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope
Cunningham, AndrewAdmiral of the Fleet
The Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope
(1883–1963)
15 October 194324 May 19462 years, 221 days[33]
76
Sir John Cunningham
Cunningham, JohnAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir John Cunningham
(1885–1962)
24 May 194629 September 19482 years, 128 days[34]
77
The Lord Fraser of North Cape
Fraser, BruceAdmiral of the Fleet
The Lord Fraser of North Cape
(1888–1981)
29 September 194820 December 19513 years, 82 days[35]
78
Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
McGrigor, RhoderickAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Rhoderick McGrigor
(1893–1959)
20 December 195118 April 19553 years, 119 days[36]
79
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Mountbatten, LouisAdmiral of the Fleet
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
18 April 195519 October 19594 years, 184 days[37]
80
Sir Charles Lambe
Lambe, CharlesAdmiral
Sir Charles Lambe
(1900–1960)
19 October 195923 May 1960217 days[38]
81
Sir Caspar John
John, CasparAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Caspar John
(1903–1984)
23 May 19607 August 19633 years, 76 days[39]
82
Sir David Luce
Luce, DavidAdmiral
Sir David Luce
(1906–1971)
7 August 196315 March 19662 years, 220 days[40]
83
Sir Varyl Begg
Begg, VarylAdmiral
Sir Varyl Begg
(1908–1995)
15 March 196612 August 19682 years, 150 days[41]
84
Sir Michael Le Fanu
Fanu, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Le Fanu
(1913–1970)
12 August 19683 July 19701 year, 325 days[42]
85
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
Hill, PeterAdmiral
Sir Peter Hill-Norton
(1915–2004)
3 July 19709 April 1971280 days[43]
86
Sir Michael Pollock
Pollock, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Pollock
(1916–2006)
9 April 19711 March 19742 years, 326 days[44]
87
Sir Edward Ashmore
Ashmore, EdwardAdmiral
Sir Edward Ashmore
(1919–2016)
1 March 19749 February 19772 years, 345 days[45]
88
Sir Terence Lewin
Lewin, TerenceAdmiral of the Fleet
Sir Terence Lewin
(1920–1999)
1 March 19776 July 19792 years, 127 days[46]
89
Sir Henry Leach
Leach, HenryAdmiral
Sir Henry Leach
(1923–2011)
6 July 19791 December 19823 years, 148 days[47]
90
Sir John Fieldhouse
Fieldhouse, JohnAdmiral
Sir John Fieldhouse
(1928–1992)
1 December 19822 August 19852 years, 244 days[48]
91
Sir William Staveley
Staveley, WilliamAdmiral
Sir William Staveley
(1928–1997)
2 August 198525 May 19893 years, 296 days[49]
92
Sir Julian Oswald
Oswald, JulianAdmiral
Sir Julian Oswald
(1933–2011)
25 May 19892 March 19933 years, 281 days[50]
93
Sir Benjamin Bathurst
Bathurst, BenjaminAdmiral
Sir Benjamin Bathurst
(born 1936)
2 March 199310 July 19952 years, 130 days[51]
94
Sir Jock Slater
Slater, JockAdmiral
Sir Jock Slater
(born 1938)
10 July 19958 October 19983 years, 90 days[52]
95
Sir Michael Boyce
Boyce, MichaelAdmiral
Sir Michael Boyce
(born 1943)
8 October 199816 January 20012 years, 100 days[52]
96
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
Essenhigh, NigelAdmiral
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
(born 1944)
16 January 200117 September 20021 year, 244 days[53]
97
Sir Alan West
West, AlanAdmiral
Sir Alan West
(born 1948)
17 September 20026 February 20063 years, 142 days[52]
98
Sir Jonathon Band
Band, JonathonAdmiral
Sir Jonathon Band
(born 1950)
6 February 200621 July 20093 years, 165 days[52]
99
Sir Mark Stanhope
Stanhope, MarkAdmiral
Sir Mark Stanhope
(born 1952)
21 July 20099 April 20133 years, 262 days[52]
100
Sir George Zambellas
Zambellas, GeorgeAdmiral
Sir George Zambellas
(born 1958)
9 April 20138 April 20162 years, 365 days[54]
101
Sir Philip Jones
Jones, PhilipAdmiral
Sir Philip Jones
(born 1960)
8 April 201619 June 20193 years, 72 days[55]
102
Tony Radakin
Radakin, TonyAdmiral
Tony Radakin
(born 1965)
19 June 2019Incumbent1 year, 165 days[4][56]

Fictional First Sea Lords[edit]

In John Buchan's novel, The Thirty-Nine Steps (1915), the First Sea Lord is named as Lord Alloa, an impostor whom Richard Hannay recognizes at a meeting as a spy and recent pursuer of his. Hannay describes Lord Alloa as recognizable from news pictures for his "beard cut like a spade, the firm fighting mouth, the blunt square nose, and the keen blue eyes...the man, they say, that made the New British Navy".[57] The real First Sea Lord at the time the story is set (early summer 1914) was Prince Louis of Battenberg, coincidentally also bearded.[58]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

a. ^ In 1955, it was decided to create a new post, Chief of the Defence Staff, who would be chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee.[59]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Organisation: How the Royal Navy is Managed Ministry of Defence
  2. ^ a b c The Navy List, 1992, corrected to 31 March 1992, pub HMSO, ISSN 0141-6081 pages 4–5.
    The Navy List, 2008, compiled 3 September 2008, pub TSO, ISBN 978-0-11-773081-6 pages 4–5.
  3. ^ Archives, The National. "Admiralty: Office of the First Sea Lord, later First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff: Correspondence and Papers". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives. UK. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Royal Navy appoints new First Sea Lord". www.royalnavy.mod.uk. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Rodger 1979, p. 34.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Rodger 1979, p. 69.
  7. ^ Thomas 1988, p. 31.
  8. ^ MoD Website: people – First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff, accessed 23 July 2013
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Sainty 1975, pp. 18–31.
  10. ^ Rodger 1979, p. 91.
  11. ^ Heathcote 2002, p. 81.
  12. ^ Friedman 2015, p. 21.
  13. ^ Ministry of Defence (10 December 2012). "History of the Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Defence website" (PDF). Mod.uk. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
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Sources[edit]