First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba

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First Secretary of the
Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
Raul-castro-2015 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Raúl Castro

since 19 April 2011
Central Committee
Member of Central Committee, Politburo, Secretariat
Seat Palace of the Revolution
Havana, Cuba
Appointer Central Committee
Term length Five years
(renewable once)
Constituting instrument Statute of the Communist Party of Cuba
Inaugural holder Fidel Castro
Formation 3 October 1965
Deputy Second Secretary
Coat of arms of Cuba.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cuba

The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish: Primer Secretario del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba) is the highest office within the Communist Party of Cuba and is ranked first in the Politburo, the highest decision-making body in Cuba, which makes the office holder the most powerful person in Cuban government.

In Communist states the First or General Secretary of the Communist Party is typically the de facto leader of the country and a more powerful position than state offices such as President (head of state) or Prime Minister (head of government), when those positions are held by different individuals.[1]

From 1961 until 2011, the position of First Secretary was held by Fidel Castro, who was Prime Minister of Cuba and, until 2008, President of the Council of State. The current first secretary is his brother, Raúl Castro, who was President and Prime Minister of Cuba from 2008 until 2018.

The post was named in imitation of the office of First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, which was staffed by Leonid Brezhnev at the time.

Officeholders[edit]

Name
(birth–death)
Portrait Took office Left office Second Secretary
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1925–1939)
José Miguel Pérez
(1896–1936)
20 August 1925 1925
José Peña Vilaboa
(1891–1927)
1925 1926
Jorge Vivo
(?)
1927 August 1933
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
Blas Roca.png December 1933 1939
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Revolutionary Communist Union
(1939–1944)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
Blas Roca.png 1939 1944
General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Popular Socialist Party
(1944–1961)
Blas Roca Calderio
(1908–1987)
Blas Roca.png 1944 24 June 1961
First Secretary of the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations
(1961–1962)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
Fidel Castro.jpg July 1961 26 March 1962 Raúl Castro
(1961–1962)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the United Party for the Socialist Revolution of Cuba
(1962–1965)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
Fidel Castro.jpg 26 March 1962 3 October 1965 Raúl Castro
(1962–1965)
First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba
(1965–present)
Fidel Castro
(1926–2016)
Fidel Castro.jpg 3 October 1965 19 April 2011 Raúl Castro
(1965–2011)
Raúl Castro
(born 1931)
Presidente de Cuba, Raúl Castro, visita Salvador.jpg 19 April 2011 Incumbent José Ramón Machado Ventura
(2011–present)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Raul Castro to lead Cuba's Communist Party until 2021". FRANCE 24. 19 April 2018. "I confirm to this assembly that Raul Castro, as first secretary of the Communist Party, will lead the decisions about the future of the country," Diaz-Canel said.