First Shō Dynasty
|Final ruler||Shō Toku|
In 1406, Bunei was overthrown and Shō Shishō became the nominal ruler of Chūzan, placed there by his eldest son Shō Hashi as part of a power bid to control Chūzan while giving an appearance to China of proper Confucian respect for one's elders. Shō Hashi conquered Hokuzan in 1416 and Nanzan in 1429, unified Okinawa successfully. He was given the surname Shō (尚) by the Chinese Emperor, and changed the country name to the Ryukyu Kingdom.
- Kerr, George. Okinawa: The History of an Island People. Tokyo: Tuttle, 2000. p. 89.