First Spouse of the Philippines
|First Lady/Gentleman of the
|Inaugural holder||Hilaria del Rosario-Aguinaldo|
|Formation||23 January 1899|
The First Lady / Gentleman of the Philippines (Filipino: Unang Ginang / Ginoó ng Pilipinas) is the unofficial, customary title of the host/ess of Malacañan Palace, the residence of the head of state of the Philippines. The title is traditionally occupied by the consort of the President of the Philippines, and as such is sometimes exclusively used for a spouse of the incumbent.
The consort of the Philippine President is, as in other countries, conventionally styled in English as the First Lady (Filipino: Unang Ginang). As Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo took office as the second female President, the male form First Gentleman (abbreviated FG; Filipino: Unang Ginoó) was used for her husband, Miguel Arroyo.
This is perhaps one reason for the use of gender-neutral title of First Spouse, although of note also is that many indigenous nouns lack grammatical gender in many Philippine languages, compared to thousands of gendered loanwords from Spanish or English. The terms "husband" and "wife" are thus covered by genderless words for "spouse" (e.g. the Tagalog asawa, kabiyák).
The position of First Spouse is not an elected position, carries no official duties, and has no personal remuneration. Nonetheless, the title holder participates in humanitarian and charitable work on behalf of the President. Furthermore, many First Spouses have taken an active role in campaigning for the President or have participated in public life through some other manner.
Imelda Marcos was given a formal job as Governor of Metro Manila and as Minister of Human Settlements by her husband during their 21-year stay in the Palace. She is also the first First Lady to enter the world of Philippine politics by winning a seat in the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978.
|#||First Lady/Gentleman||Relation to President||Government||Start||End|
|first wife of Emilio Aguinaldo
(officially recognised as the first President)
|First Philippine Republic (1899–1901)||January 23, 1899||April 1, 1901|
|wife of Manuel L. Quezon||Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1946)||November 15, 1935||August 1, 1944|
|wife of José P. Laurel||Second Philippine Republic (1943–1945)||October 14, 1943||August 14, 1945|
|wife of Sergio S. Osmeña||Commonwealth of the Philippines (1935–1946)||August 1, 1944||May 28, 1946|
|wife of Manuel A. Roxas||Third Philippine Republic (1946–1972)||May 28, 1946||April 15, 1948|
|daughter of widower Elpidio Quirino||April 17, 1948||December 30, 1953|
|wife of Ramón F. Magsaysay||December 30, 1953||March 17, 1957|
|wife of Carlos P. García||March 23, 1957||December 30, 1961|
|wife of Diosdado P. Macapagal||December 30, 1961||December 30, 1965|
|wife of Ferdinand E. Marcos||December 30, 1965||February 25, 1986|
|Philippines under Martial Law (1972–1981)|
|Fourth Philippine Republic (1981–1987)|
|Vacant, as Corazón C. Aquino was a widow.1||February 25, 1986||June 30, 1992|
|wife of Fidel V. Ramos||Fifth Philippine Republic (1987–present)||June 30, 1992||June 30, 1998|
|wife of Joseph Ejército Estrada||June 30, 1998||January 20, 2001|
|13||Jose Miguel Arroyo
|husband of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo||January 20, 2001||June 30, 2010|
|Vacant, as Benigno S. Aquino III is unmarried.2||June 30, 2010||Incumbent|
- 1 Corazón Aquino was married to Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr., whose assassination on 21 August 1983 was a key factor in her 1986 rise to the presidency. Her eldest daughter, María Elena "Ballsy" Aquino-Cruz, served as her mother's proxy in some social functions and accompanied her on state visits. In a similar fashion to Victoria Quirino-Delgado, Aquino-Cruz was informally styled "First Lady"; her brother, Benigno III (later President) was meanwhile considered de facto First Gentleman.
- 2 As Benigno Aquino III is unmarried, his sisters (including Aquino-Cruz above), unofficially share the various duties normally expected of a First Spouse. His relationships while in office to date were Valenzuela City Councilor Shalani Soledad , his personal stylist Liz Uy, and television presenter/DJ Grace Lee.