First Texas Legislature

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The First Texas Legislature convened from February 16 to May 13, 1846 in regular session. Members of the House of Representatives and Senate were elected in December 1845, after an election on October 13, 1845 that ratified the proposed state constitution.

Sessions[edit]

  • 1st Regular session: February 16–May 13, 1846

Party summary[edit]

Officers[edit]

Senate[edit]

Lieutenant Governor
Albert Clinton Horton, Democrat
President pro tempore
Edward Burleson, Democrat

House of Representatives[edit]

Speaker of the House
William Crump, Democrat, February 16 – May 1, 1846
William H. Bourland, Democrat, May 1–11, 1846
Stephen W. Perkins, Democrat, May 11–13, 1846
Speaker of the House pro tempore[1]
John Brown, Democrat, acting Speaker March 3–9, 1846[2]
Edward Thomas Branch, Democrat, acting Speaker March 9–16, 1846[3]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Members of the Texas Senate for the First Texas Legislature:

[4]

District Senator Party Took office Left office
1 William M. "Buckskin" Williams [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
2 Ballard C. Bagby Loco Foco February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
3 Edward Clark [Data unknown/missing.] Elected but never sworn
William Thomas Scott [Data unknown/missing.] Elected but never sworn
4 Joseph Lewis Hogg Whig February 16, 1846 May 4, 1846
5 Benjamin Rush Wallace Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
6 Jesse J. Robinson Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
7 William C. Abbott [Data unknown/missing.] Elected but never sworn
George Tyler Wood Democrat Elected but never sworn
8 Henry James Jewett Polk man February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
9 Jesse Grimes [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
10 Isaac Wright Brashear Democrat February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847
11 Richard Bache [Data unknown/missing.] Elected but never sworn
Thomas Freeman McKinney Tyler man Elected but never sworn
12 John Greenville McNeill Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
13 Philip Minor Cuney Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
14 John F. Miller Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
15 Edward Burleson Tyler man February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
16 Robert McAlpin Williamson Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
17 Alexander H. Phillips Anti-tariff February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
18 José Antonio Navarro [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
19 Henry Lawrence Kinney [Data unknown/missing.] Elected but never sworn
F James G. Bourland[5] Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847

House of Representatives[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives for the First Texas Legislature:

District Representative Party Took Office Left Office
Austin William E. Crump Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Charles Railey [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Bastrop Evans Mabry [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Bexar Volney E. Howard [Data unknown/missing.] March 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Duncan Campbell Ogden [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Bowie Berry H. Durham [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Alexander J. Russell [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Brazoria Elisha M. Pease [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Stephen W. Perkins Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Brazos Elliott McNeil Millican [Data unknown/missing.] February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847
Colorado William B. Perry [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Samuel Joseph Redgate Democrat February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847
Fannin Samuel McFarland Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Hiram W. Ryburn Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Fayette James P. Hudson [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Charles Mullins Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Fort Bend William S. Rayner Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Galveston James Cronian Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Israel S. Savage Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Goliad Charles F. Augustus Williams Whig February 16, 1846 August 4, 1846
Gonzales Benjamin McCulloch Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Arthur Swift Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Harris Peter W. Gray [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
John N. O. Smith [Data unknown/missing.] February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847
Benjamin F. Tankersly [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Harrison Edward Clark Democrat Elected but never sworn
Spearman Holland [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
James B. McCown [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Houston Steward Alexander Miller [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
William Turner Sadler [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Jackson Francis Menefee White [Data unknown/missing.] December 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Jasper Z. Williams Eddy [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Jefferson George Alexander Pattillo Republican February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Lamar William H. Bourland [Data unknown/missing.] February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847
Liberty Edward Thomas Branch Tariff man February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Napoleon Bonaparte Charlton Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Matagorda Henry Jones Nullifier February 24, 1846 December 13, 1847
Milam George Bernard Erath Democrat February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847
Montgomery David Catchings Dickson Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Charles G. Keenan Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Archibald McNeill Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Charles Bellinger Tate Stewart Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Nacogdoches John Brown [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Haden Harrison Edwards [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Daniel Muckleroy Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Red River Lewis D. Barry [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
James Shackleford Gillett [Data unknown/missing.] February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847
James Gillam [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Benjamin Gooch [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Robertson George W. Adams [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Wilds K. Cooke Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Rusk Charles F. McClarty [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
James Smith [6] [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Sabine James M. Burroughs [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Jamerson Noble [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
San Augustine William C. Edwards [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Henry Williams Sublett Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
San Patricio Alexander Stevenson [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Shelby William Echols [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
James A. Truitt Democrat February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Travis William Leslie Caznaeu [Data unknown/missing.] February 27, 1846 December 13, 1847
Victoria John Washington Rose [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Washington Lewis Dupree [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
Van Rensaeller Irion [Data unknown/missing.] February 16, 1846 December 13, 1847
James Willie [Data unknown/missing.] February 17, 1846 December 13, 1847

Membership changes[edit]

Senate[edit]

District Outgoing
Senator
Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
District 3 William Thomas Scott Scott resigned June 5, 1847 due to an eye disease. Edward Clark[7] December 13, 1847
District 4 Joseph Lewis Hogg Hogg was granted a leave of absence May 4, 1846 to join the Second Regiment of the Texas Mounted Volunteers for the Mexican–American War, and resigned some time after that. Isaac Parker after May 4, 1846
District 7 George Tyler Wood Wood was granted a leave of absence May 4, 1846 to join the Second Regiment of the Texas Mounted Volunteers for the Mexican–American War, and resigned before September 4, 1847. William C. Abbott[8] December 13, 1847
District 11 Thomas Freeman McKinney McKinney resigned after the end of the session (May 13, 1846). Richard Bache[9] December 13, 1847

Alyssa Petty Third Texas Senate

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Speaker Crump received a leave of absence during his term of office. Representatives Brown and Branch, each elected in turn as Speaker of the House pro tempore, acted as Speaker during Crump’s absence.
  2. ^ Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives (1846). Journals of the House of Representatives of the First Legislature of the State of Texas (pdf). Clarksville, Texas: Standard Printing Office. pp. 105–106, 160–162. Retrieved January 12, 2007.
  3. ^ Texas. Legislature. House of Representatives (1846). Journals of the House of Representatives of the First Legislature of the State of Texas (pdf). Clarksville, Texas: Standard Printing Office. pp. 67–8, 104–5. Retrieved January 12, 2007.
  4. ^ https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48320/m1/3/zoom/?resolution=8&lat=7627.747305398567&lon=4656.788853787581
  5. ^ Bourland was a floating senator "conjointly" elected from Bowie, Red River, Fannin, and Lamar counties
  6. ^ https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fsm25
  7. ^ Clark was elected in a special election on November 1, 1847 and was sworn in with the Second Texas Legislature.
  8. ^ Abbott was elected in a special election on November 1, 1847 and was sworn in with the Second Texas Legislature.
  9. ^ Bache was elected in a special election on December 1, 1847 and was sworn in with the Second Texas Legislature.

References[edit]

  • Presiding officers of the Texas Legislature, 1846-2002: prepared by the Research Division of the Texas Legislative Council. Texas. Legislature. Legislative Council. (Rev. 2002 ed.). Austin, Texas: The Council. 2002. OCLC 49526832.

External links[edit]