First Unitarian Church of Hobart

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
First Unitarian Church of Hobart
First Unitarian Church, Hobart Indiana P7220039.jpg
First Unitarian Church of Hobart is located in Indiana
First Unitarian Church of Hobart
First Unitarian Church of Hobart is located in the US
First Unitarian Church of Hobart
Location 497 Main St., Hobart, Indiana
Coordinates 41°31′48″N 87°15′12″W / 41.53000°N 87.25333°W / 41.53000; -87.25333Coordinates: 41°31′48″N 87°15′12″W / 41.53000°N 87.25333°W / 41.53000; -87.25333
Area less than one acre
Built 1875
Architect Pollard, O.D. & Co.
Architectural style Italianate
NRHP Reference # 99001112[1]
Added to NRHP September 9, 1999

First Unitarian Church of Hobart is the oldest Unitarian Church in Indiana, and the oldest church still occupied by its original congregation in the city of Hobart.[2][3] It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 9, 1999.[1]

The church is an Italianate style. The building's simple design on both the interior and exterior has not been altered since its construction.[4] George Earle laid out the town of Hobart in 1848 on property that he owned near his saw and gristmill. To encourage development, he offered free land for community projects such as a railroad and congregations wishing to build churches with a resident minister and regular services.[4] A group of Hobart citizens organized "a society founded on the principals taught and promulgated by the Unitarians, and for the public worship of God, [and] also for the advancement of the principles of morality and the ultimate good of society in general," in 1848 with 48 members.[4]

History[edit]

Hobart's Unitarian Church was constructed of locally produced brick at a cost of $15,000.00.[5] The lot for the church was purchased from Hobart's founder, George Earle, for $1.00.[6]

Description[edit]

The Unitarian Church a two-story brick structure. The brick structure was built in 1875 and dedicated in January of 1876. The frame addition is from 1954-55 and 1990.[4] Built on a city lot, a memorial garden on the north side is surrounded by a stonewall.[4]

Built as a rectangular block using common bond brick walls with a gable roof. There is a three-tiered steeple above the entrance. There are tall, narrow arched windows divided into three sashes of three amber-colored panes. Each window has a stone sill with a semicircular brick crown with brick tabs. The windows on the south or primary facade resemble arches supported by piers with a capital and base. The walls are topped by a plain frieze-like cornice.[4] The steeple has three, incrementally smaller, tiers. Each section has a shingle covered hip roof. Within the lower two section is the church bell. [4]

The piers have a capital and a base that rests on the stone sill. A horizontal molding along the top of the door connects the two capitals. The arch over the double-doors is filled by a wood panel with gothic-like carvings. Centered above the door and near the gable peak is a decorative circular wood insert carved with a floral-like detail. The insert may have replaced a circular window that was never installed or was enclosed when the interior was remodeled. Directly below this stone is a square stone block carved with the date 1874, the year of the congregation's formation.[4] The north and south facades are identical. Each wall is divided by pilasters into four bays. The end bays are longer than the two center, and pilasters are located at each building corner. Windows, equidistant apart, are located within each bay. The center pilaster of the south facade has a brick chimney that services a basement furnace. It starts at ground level and projects up through the eaves.[4] There is an adjoining parish hall and church offices which do not contribute to the historical significance of the church. [4]

The church's interior includes; the vestibule, gallery, and assembly room. The vestibule is a small space inside the main entry doors. The entry to the assembly room is through double-doors centered between two single doors. All four doors are wooden with four panels.[4] A gallery is above the vestibule for use as a choir loft.[4] The assembly room is rectangular and is two floors in height. Both the north and south walls have four arched windows set. [4] At the east end is a stage, up two steps from the main floor. There is a decorative wood backdrop (1964) and wood double-doors on the east wall. The doors lead to the parish hall.[4]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hobart Historical Society. Downtown Hobart. Self published, 1988.
  • Indiana Historic Sites and Structures Inventory. Lake County Interim Report. Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana, 1996. (P. 17 & 20, No. 04087).
  • Northwest Indiana Regional Planning Commission. Historic Preservation Inventory and Assessment. Self published, 1977. (P. A-4).
  • White, Joseph. Where God's People Meet: A Guide to Significant Religious Places in Indiana. Carmel, IN: Guild Press of Indiana, 1996.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Burns, Bob (July 3, 1997). "European Settlers Brought Variety of Religions to Region". The Gary Post-Tribune. 
  3. ^ "Indiana State Historic Architectural and Archaeological Research Database (SHAARD)" (Searchable database). Department of Natural Resources, Division of Historic Preservation and Archaeology. Retrieved 2016-05-01.  Note: This includes Christopher Baas and Elin Christianson (July 1998). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: First Unitarian Church of Hobart" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-05-01.  and Accompanying photographs.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n First Unitarian Church of Hobart; National Register of Historic Places Registration Form; Christopher Raas and Elin Christianson; U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service; Washington, D.C.; September 9, 1999
  5. ^ unk (1876-01-13). "The Village of Hobart". Crown Point Register. Lake County Public Library. 
  6. ^ Jentzen, Allan. Memories of the Past. Lake County Public Library: Hobart Historical Society. pp. 54–55.