First World privilege

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First World privilege, similar to white privilege, Christian privilege, and male privilege, is any unearned advantages accrued by an individual by virtue of being a national of a First World country.[1][2] There is a large overlap between First World privilege and white privilege, as most First World nations were founded and developed by white people.[3]


First-World privilege is often explicitly maintained by legal means by means such as immigration laws and trade barriers.[4] Further, very few nations have laws that prevent explicit discrimination on the basis of nationality for access to employment, promotions, education, scholarships, etc.[5] Laws of many nations actively encourage the discrimination against foreign nationals, for employment and educational purposes, via stringent immigration requirements, exorbitant fees, devaluation of educational qualifications, and scholarship quotas that usually favor citizens from developed nations.[3]

First World nations usually have mutual trade and immigration arrangements and treaties that limit the discrimination faced by First-World nationals regarding employment, education and business in other First World countries. The existence of discriminatory laws and barriers across the world, according to First World privilege theory, on balance systematically favor the employment, business, access to education and health care, and subsequently welfare of citizens of First World nations at the cost of the welfare and oppression of the people of developing nations.[3]

In general, the term "privilege" when referring to social inequality has been criticized for not distinguishing between "spared injustice" and "unjust enrichment".[6]

It is often tried to be reduced with financial and other help to Developing Countries.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brysk, Alison (7 October 2002). Globalization and Human Rights. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520232372.
  2. ^ Greenberg, Daniel J. (May 2008). "Teaching Global Citizenship, Social Change, and Economic Development in a History Course: A Course Model in Latin American Travel/Service Learning". Society for History Education. 41 (3): 283–304. JSTOR 30036913.
  3. ^ a b c Drawing the global colour line: white men's countries and the international challenge of racial equality Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
  4. ^ Redding, Stephen; Venables, Anthony J. (January 2004). "Economic geography and international inequality". Journal of International Economics. 62 (1): 53–82. CiteSeerX doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2003.07.001.
  5. ^ Global Rights, Local Wrongs, and Legal Fixes: An International Human Rights Critique of Immigration and Welfare Reform; Hernandez-Truyol, Berta Esperanza; Johns, Kimberly A.
  6. ^ Blum, Lawrence (2008). "'White privilege': A mild critique" (PDF). Theory and Research in Education. 6 (6(3)): 309–321. doi:10.1177/1477878508095586. Retrieved 23 October 2014.