First day of school

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Students on their first day of school.

The first day of school is the first day of an academic year. This is usually in August or September in the Northern Hemisphere and January or February in the Southern Hemisphere, but differs from country to country.

North America[edit]

Costa Rica[edit]

The first day of school in Costa Rica is in early February. The Education Ministry changes the date every year to ensure 200 effective days are in the school calendar.[1]

United States[edit]

In the United States, educational policy is determined primarily at the state level and at the level of individual school districts. Therefore, there is no one particular day on which all schools start. During much of the 20th century, it was common for schools to start shortly after Labor Day, and in some areas of the United States, this is still the norm. However, it has become increasingly common for schools to start earlier in August or even late July. For example, in San Diego Unified School District, schools start on the last Monday of August.[2]

Asia[edit]

India[edit]

In India the schools re-open in June after summer holidays. This applies to whole of K-12 including elementary, secondary and higher secondary schools. However, this isn't the beginning of the new academic year. The annual examinations are held in the month of February after which the new academic session begins in the last week of March. It continues until the first or the second week of May when the summer holidays begin. This summer holiday extends until June.

Israel[edit]

The first day of school in Israel is September 1, or September 2 if September 1 falls on Shabbath (Saturday). The last day of school is June 30 for elementary school and June 20 for secondary and high school.

Philippines[edit]

The government school calendar in the Philippines usually begins in June every year. However, private schools have the exception to deviate from the calendar as regulated by Republic Act No. 7797. Some colleges or universities may start the school year in August. The school year must consist of 200 but not more than 220 days.[3]

Qatar[edit]

The first day of school in Qatar is on September 15, along with some of the Arab World countries.[4]

Singapore[edit]

The school year for all Singapore primary and secondary schools starts from early January and ends sometimes in late November. This takes into account 40 weeks of curriculum time for teaching and learning before the start of the national examinations, and six weeks of school vacation at end of the year for teachers and students.[5]

Japan[edit]

The first day of school in Japan (for all schools) is on either April 7th or 8th. School usually ends on the 24th of March, giving the students one week between the years. School starts in April because that is the time Sakura, or Cherry Blossoms start to bloom.

Vietnam[edit]

School Year opening ceremony in Chu Văn An High School

The first day of school in Vietnam is always on September 5, even in some schools, pupils and students have started studying earlier since August.

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

Generally, the third week in January, dependent on individual state/territory (and state or private school system)

New Zealand[edit]

Generally, the last week in January, or first week in February

Papua New Guinea[edit]

Generally, the third week in January

South Pacific[edit]

Europe[edit]

Belgium[edit]

The first day of school in Belgium is on September 1 or the first following Monday if September 1 falls on Saturday or Sunday.

Bulgaria[edit]

The first day of school in Bulgaria is September 15, or the first work day if September 15 is a Saturday or Sunday.

Estonia[edit]

The first day of school in Estonia is September 1, or the following Monday if September 1st happens to be a Saturday or a Sunday.

Greece[edit]

The first day of school in Greece is September 11, or the first Monday following if September 11 is a Saturday or Sunday.[6]

Poland[edit]

According to a 2010 decree of Polish Minister of Public Education, the first day of school for regular compulsory education schools in Poland is on September 1 or the first following Monday if September 1 falls on Friday, Saturday or Sunday. The last day is the first Friday after the 18th of June. [7] Previously, according to a similar 2002 decree, the above exception was only for Saturday and Sunday, and the last day was the first Friday after June 18.[8]

Portugal[edit]

In Portugal the school starts at the beginning of September, in the first week. In 2019 the school starts between 10-13 September.[9]

Russia[edit]

Schools in Russia (and formerly Soviet Union) historically begin on September 1. This exact date for the country has been fixed by the Decree of the Council of the People's Commissars in 1935[10] and was established officially by the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union No. 3018-X in 1980. In 1984, September 1 was officially declared to be the Knowledge Day.[11] If it falls on Sunday, most schools opt to hold on Sunday a traditional ceremonial line-up, which symbolically commences the school year, and begin actual lessons on Monday. Traditionally students bring flowers to the teachers.

United Kingdom[edit]

England and Wales[edit]

The first day of school for state schools in England and Wales varies by local authority and sometimes by school, but it is nearly always during the first week of September, or occasionally in the second week.[12]

Scotland[edit]

The school term in Scotland begins in mid- to late-August, more than a week earlier than in the rest of the UK. The precise date varies by local authority and sometimes by school.[13]

Slovenia[edit]

The first day of school in Slovenia is on September 1, or the first Monday following if September 1 falls on Saturday or Sunday

Lithuania[edit]

The first day of school in Lithuania is September 1, or the first Monday following if September 1 falls on Saturday or Sunday.

France[edit]

The school year in France doesn't have a fixed date, but it starts at the beginning of September, in the first 2 weeks. It ends at the beginning of July, leaving approximately 2 months of summer break.

Latvia[edit]

In Latvia the school year always starts on September 1st , or the following Monday if September 1st happens to be a Saturday or Sunday.

Croatia[edit]

The school year in Croatia doesn't have a fixed date, but it usually starts in the first half of September. It ends in the middle of June. Until 2019, school year started on the first Monday of September.

Africa[edit]

Tunisia[edit]

In Tunisia, the academic year commences on September 15th (or the 16th if September 15th falls on a Sunday or religious holiday) and ends on May 25th for middle and high schools, and on June 1st for primary school. Summer is approximately 3 months long.

Morocco[edit]

In Morocco, the academic year commences in September and ends in June/early July Semester 1 (Fall): From September – January Semester 2 (Spring): From February - June/early July

Egypt[edit]

In Egypt, the academic year usually starts in the late third of September (particularity on the first Saturday of the last 10 day of September). For example, in 2019 school starts on Saturday 21st of September - in 2018 it starts on Saturday 22nd of September. These dates are issued by the ministry of education and ministry of higher education and are applicable on almost all the local schools and universities. However, private institutions may put their own starting date - usually they start earlier than the local ones - . The academic year consist of 2 semesters each of them lasts around 15 weeks and may vary depends on the grade that you are in or what are you studying in college.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Calendario Escolar 2012" (PDF). Ministerio de Educación Pública. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  2. ^ https://www.sandiegounified.org/traditional-academic-calendar (retrieved September 15, 2017)
  3. ^ http://www.deped.gov.ph/orders/do-25-s-2017
  4. ^ "New policy sparks confusion over school start dates in Qatar - Doha News". 4 September 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  5. ^ "School Terms and Holidays". Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  6. ^ "School Holidays in Athens". Angloinfo Athens. Angloinfo. Retrieved 2016-06-15.
  7. ^ Dz.U. 2010 nr 186 poz. 1245 Rozporządzenie Ministra Edukacji Narodowej z dnia 5 października 2010 r. zmieniające rozporządzenie w sprawie organizacji roku szkolnego
  8. ^ Dz.U. 2002 nr 46 poz. 432 Rozporządzenie Ministra Edukacji Narodowej i Sportu z dnia 18 kwietnia 2002 r. w sprawie organizacji roku szkolnego
  9. ^ "Despacho n.º 5754-A/2019, Anexo I". Diário da República Eletrónico. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  10. ^ "День знаний в России: история праздника". Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  11. ^ "Праздник 1 сентября - День знаний: история и традиции. Значение праздника 1 сентября "День знаний". Женский сайт www.InMoment.ru". Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  12. ^ "When are the school Christmas holidays and term dates 2016/2017?". The Telegraph: Education. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  13. ^ "Scottish School Term dates". Scottish Government website. Retrieved 7 September 2017.