First inauguration of James Madison
|Date||March 4, 1809|
|Location||United States Capitol,|
|Participants||President of the United States, James Madison|
The first inauguration of James Madison as the fourth President of the United States was held on Saturday, March 4, 1809, in the chamber of the House of Representatives at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of James Madison as President and the second term of George Clinton as Vice President. The presidential oath was administered by Chief Justice John Marshall. The President wore a 100% American-made wool suit, and the first official inaugural ball occurred at Long's Hotel, with ticket prices being $4 (currently about $65). Clinton died 3 years, 47 days into this term, and the office remained vacant for the balance of it. (Prior to ratification of the Twenty-fifth Amendment in 1967, no constitutional provision existed for filling an intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency.)
Madison rode to the capitol on March 4 with the Washington and Georgetown cavalry escorting him. He entered the House of Representatives with Jefferson's cabinet members. President Jefferson attended the inauguration and sat beside Madison at the front of the hall. The Supreme Court Justices sat in front of Madison. According to spectators in the gallery, Madison spoke softly at first with an obvious tremble but addressed the chamber louder as his speech went on. The new president wore a black suit.
After the inaugural address and oath of office, Madison and his wife, Dolley Madison, welcomed visitors at their home on F Street where the huge crowd overwhelmed them. They subsequently attended an inaugural ball at Long's Hotel. Wearing a velvet dress, Dolley, the new First Lady, drew large crowds of admirers at the ball, while Madison described the occasion as exhausting and unpleasant.
On March 4, 1809, James Madison gave his Inaugural Address and was sworn into office as the fourth president of the United States of America. He addressed the nation on how he felt. Madison felt honor and responsibility in a way he could not express when elected president. He acknowledged that the United States is a country with a great deal of issues and difficulties, and the pressure of that hit him hard. He also mentions how great the United States was and how far it has come as a country in a short period of time.
He informed the people that the country was trying to make peace and have good relations with all nations, especially with belligerent nations. He wanted to remain a neutral country as Americans progressed and built their nation. He mentioned that the US had one too many bloody and wasteful wars. "It has been the true glory of the United States to cultivate peace by observing justice."
Madison promised to meet with United States councils to make safeguards and to honor its essential interest with other nations. He wanted to build up and fund a strong military and militia, to defend the republic and the rights of the people.
Madison ended his speech with gratitude towards people in the past who had done so much for the United States, and wished the best for the future of this young thriving country.
- Presidency of James Madison
- Second inauguration of James Madison
- 1808 United States presidential election
- "President James Madison, 1809". Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies. Archived from the original on 2009-01-20. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Ketcham, Ralph (2003). James Madison: A Biography. Newtown, CT: American Political Biography Press. pp. 474–476.
- "The First Inaugural Address of President James Madison". The University of Oklahoma College of Law. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
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