First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu

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First Richelieu ministry
cabinet of France
Etienne Frederic Lignon Portrait of Richelieu.jpeg
Date formed 26 September 1815
Date dissolved 29 December 1818
People and organisations
Head of state Louis XVIII of France
Head of government Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu
History
Predecessor Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
Successor Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles

The First ministry of Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis de Richelieu was formed on 26 September 1815 after the dismissal of the Ministry of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord by King Louis XVIII of France. It was dissolved on 29 December 1818 and replaced by the Ministry of Jean-Joseph Dessolles.

Formation and actions[edit]

After the resignation of Talleyrand, Louis XVIII designated the technocrat Duke of Richelieu to form a cabinet. The minister of the Richelieu ministry were Ultras and counter-revolutionaries hostile to Bonapartism and republicanism, and in the first phase of the ministry they actualized the legal terror called "Second White Terror", that caused the exile, the imprisonment or the execution of several revolutionaries.

After the election held in 1816, the new Parliament, led by a Doctrinaire majority, forced the resignation of several ministers, replaced with Doctrinaires and moderates. The reformed cabinet realised several important laws, like the "Saint-Cyr Law" (abolition of the nobility's priviledge in the army) and the "Lainé Law" (expansion of the suffrage and direct votation). However, after the partial-election of 1817, a new Liberal leftist group was formed in the Chamber of Deputies, composed by radicals like General Maximilien Foy and Abbot Henri Grégoire. There was also a rising rivality between Richelieu and his Minister Élie Decazes, a popular Doctrinaire. Finally, at the end of December 1818, Richelieu resigned after he lost the favour of the Ultras and the support of the Doctrinaires.

Ministers[edit]

Portfolio Minister Term Party
President of the Council
Minister of Foreign Affairs
  Armand-Emmanuel du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu[1] 26 September 1815 29 December 1818 Nonpartisan
Minister of Finances   Louis-Emmanuel Corvetto 26 September 1815 7 December 1818 Nonpartisan
  Antoine Roy 7 December 1818 29 December 1818 Doctrinaire
Minister of the Interior   Vincent-Marie Viénot, Count of Vaublanc 26 September 1815 7 May 1816 Ultra-royalist
  Joseph, Viscount Lainé 7 May 1816 29 December 1818 Doctrinaire
Minister of War   Henri Clarke 26 September 1815 12 September 1817 Nonpartisan
  Laurent Gouvion, Marquis of Saint-Cyr 12 September 1817 29 December 1818 Nonpartisan
Minister of Justice   François Barbé-Marbois 26 September 1815 7 May 1816 Ultra-royalist
  Charles Dambray 7 May 1816 19 January 1817 Doctrinaire
  Étienne-Denis Pasquier 19 January 1817 29 December 1818 Doctrinaire
Minister of Police   Élie Decazes 26 September 1815 29 December 1818 Doctrinaire
Minister of the Navy and Colonies   François de Gratet, Viscount Dubouchage 26 September 1815 23 June 1817 Ultra-royalist
  Laurent Gouvion, Marquis of Saint-Cyr 23 June 1817 12 September 1817 Nonpartisan
  Louis-Mathieu Molé 12 September 1817 29 December 1818 Doctrinaire

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muel 1891, p. 128.

Sources[edit]