First series of the renminbi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The first series of Renminbi banknotes was introduced during the Chinese Civil War by the newly founded People's Bank of China on December 1, 1948, nearly one year before the founding of the People's Republic of China itself. It was issued to unify and replace the various currencies of the communist-held territories as well as the currency of the Nationalist government.[1]

This series also called "Old Currency", which 10000 yuan is equal to 1 yuan of the 2nd series and later(called "New Currency").

Due to the turbulent political situation at the time, the first series is rather chaotic, with many versions issued for each denomination. The banknotes show a mixture of agricultural and industrial scenes, modes of transportation, and famous sites.

The notes were issued in 12 denominations: ¥1, ¥5, ¥10, ¥20, ¥50, ¥100, ¥200, ¥500, ¥1,000, ¥5,000, ¥10,000 and ¥50,000, with a total of 62 designs. They were officially withdrawn on various dates between April 1, 1955 to May 10, 1955.

Some of these notes have words "Republic of China" (Chinese: 中華民國) on them to show the issuance year in the Republic of China Era. Though the PRC adopted the Common Era to replace the ROC Era in 1949 and have been avoiding using "Republic of China" in any possible circumstance, these notes were issued and used until 1955, when a revaluation of Reminbi took place.

List[edit]

¥1[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-1-1A.gifRMB1-1-1B.gif Workers and farmers Flower symbol January 10, 1949
RMB1-1-2A.gifRMB1-1-2B.gif Factory Flower ball August 1949

¥5[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-5-1A.gifRMB1-5-1B.gif Shephard Flower symbol February 23, 1949
RMB1-5-2A.gifRMB1-5-2B.gif Sailboat Flower symbol January 10, 1949
RMB1-5-3A.jpgRMB1-5-3B.jpg Cow and horse buggy Flower ball July 1949
RMB1-5-4A.gifRMB1-5-4B.gif Spinning Flower ball August 1949

¥10[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-10-1A.jpgRMB1-10-1B.jpg Irrigation field and mine Flower symbol December 1, 1948
RMB1-10-2A.jpgRMB1-10-2B.jpg Sawn timber and plow Flower symbol February 23, 1949
RMB1-10-3A.gifRMB1-10-3B.gif Railway Station Flower symbol May 25, 1949
RMB1-10-4A.jpgRMB1-10-4B.jpg Workers and farmers Temple August 1949

¥20[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-20-1A.jpgRMB1-20-1B.jpg Donkey and train Big flower ball December 1, 1948
RMB1-20-2A.jpgRMB1-20-2B.jpg Coal mines car Flower symbol February 23, 1949
RMB1-20-3A.jpgRMB1-20-3B.jpg Longevity Hill of Summer Palace Flower symbol July 1949
RMB1-20-4A.jpgRMB1-20-4B.jpg Working area Flower ball August 1949
RMB1-20-5A.jpgRMB1-20-5B.jpg Train and sailboat Flower ball August 1949
RMB1-20-6A.jpgRMB1-20-6B.jpg Field Flower ball September 1949
RMB1-20-7A.jpgRMB1-20-7B.jpg Longevity Hill of Summer Palace Flower ball October 1949

¥50[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-50-1A.jpgRMB1-50-1B.jpg Donkey and tub Flower symbol December 1, 1948
RMB1-50-2A.jpgRMB1-50-2B.jpg Train and bridge Car February 10, 1949
RMB1-50-3A.jpgRMB1-50-3B.jpg June 10, 1949
RMB1-50-4A.jpgRMB1-50-4B.jpg Workers and farmers Flower symbol August 1949
RMB1-50-5A.jpgRMB1-50-5B.jpg Railway Flower symbol March 20, 1949
RMB1-50-6A.jpgRMB1-50-6B.jpg Roller Carriage October 3, 1949
RMB1-50-7B.jpgRMB1-50-7A.jpg Railway Flower symbol April 1949

¥100[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-100-1A.jpgRMB1-100-1B.jpg Arable land and factory Flower symbol January 10, 1949
RMB1-100-2A.jpgRMB1-100-2B.jpg Railway station and road Flower symbol February 5, 1949
RMB1-100-3A.jpgRMB1-100-3B.jpg Longevity Hill of Summer Palace Train February 5, 1949
RMB1-100-4A.jpgRMB1-100-4B.jpg Factory Flower symbol March 20, 1949
RMB1-100-5A.jpgRMB1-100-5B.jpg Beihai Bridge Flower symbol March 25, 1949
RMB1-100-6A.jpgRMB1-100-7B.jpg July 1949
RMB1-100-7A.jpgRMB1-100-7B.jpg Ship bridge Large flower stand August 1949
RMB1-100-8A.jpgRMB1-100-8B.jpg Donkey team Flower symbol November 5, 1949
RMB1-100-9A.jpgRMB1-100-9B.jpg Longevity Hill of Summer Palace Train March 20, 1949
RMB1-100-10A.gifRMB1-100-10B.gif Sailboat Flower symbol January 20, 1950

¥200[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-200-2A.gifRMB1-200-2B.gif Summer Place Flower symbol March 20, 1949
RMB1-200-1A.gifRMB1-200-1B.gif Pai Yundian (排云殿) Flower symbol May 8, 1949
RMB1-200-3A.gifRMB1-200-3B.gif Great Wall of China Flower symbol August 1949
RMB1-200-4A.gifRMB1-200-4B.gif Steel factory Flower symbol September 1949
RMB1-200-5A.gifRMB1-200-5B.gif Cut rice Flower symbol October 20, 1949

¥500[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-500-1A.gifRMB1-500-1B.gif Village Flower symbol September 10, 1949
RMB1-500-2A.gifRMB1-500-2B.gif Zhengyang Gate Flower symbol September 10, 1949
RMB1-500-3A.gifRMB1-500-3B.gif Crane Flower symbol October 3, 1949
RMB1-500-4A.gifRMB1-500-4B.gif Harvester Flower symbol October 20, 1949
RMB1-500-5A.gifRMB1-500-5B.gif Farming Flower symbol April 1, 1951
RMB1-500-6A.gifRMB1-500-6B.gif Zhandeng City (瞻德城) Flower symbol with Uyghur characters October 1, 1951

¥1,000[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-1000-1A.gifRMB1-1000-1B.gif Arable land Temple of Heaven September 11, 1949
RMB1-1000-2A.gifRMB1-1000-2B.gif Harvest Flower symbol October 3, 1949
RMB1-1000-3A.gifRMB1-1000-3B.gif Three tractors Cut wheat November 15, 1949
RMB1-1000-4A.gifRMB1-1000-4B.gif Carts and plowing Ship December 23, 1949
RMB1-1000-5A.gifRMB1-1000-5B.gif Qiantang River Bridge Flower ball January 20, 1950
RMB1-1000-6A.gifRMB1-1000-6B.gif Wrangler Flower symbol with Uyghur characters October 1, 1951

¥5,000[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-5000-1A.gif (Obverse) Cultivator Flower symbol January 20, 1950
RMB1-5000-2B.gif (Reverse) Factory Flower ball January 20, 1950
RMB1-5000-3A.gifRMB1-5000-3B.gif Camels Flower symbol with Mongolian characters May 17, 1951
RMB1-5000-4A.gif (Obverse) Shepherd Flower symbol with Uyghur characters October 1, 1951
RMB1-5000-5A.gifRMB1-5000-5B.gif Railway Bridge Flower symbol September 25, 1953

¥10,000[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-10000-1A.gifRMB1-10000-1B.gif Ship Flower symbol January 20, 1950
RMB1-10000-2A.gifRMB1-10000-2B.gif Arable land Grazing cattle and sheeps January 20, 1950
RMB1-10000-3A.gifRMB1-10000-3B.gif Wrangler Flower symbol with Mongolian characters May 17, 1951
RMB1-10000-4A.gifRMB1-10000-4B.gif Camels Flower symbol with Uyghur characters October 1, 1951

¥50,000[edit]

Image Obverse Reverse Date of issue
RMB1-50000-1A.gifRMB1-50000-1B.gif Xinhua Gate Tractor December 1953
RMB1-50000-2A.gifRMB1-50000-2B.gif Harvester Produce December 1953

References[edit]

  1. ^ "背景资料:中国已发行五套人民币 货币历史悠久". China New Service. August 10, 2015. Retrieved December 1, 2015.