List of firsts in India

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This is a list of firsts in India.


Awards and titles[edit]

Nobel Prize[edit]


Defence (in the Republic of India)[edit]



Film, TV and entertainment[edit]

Governance in men[edit]


Medical science[edit]




  • Chess Grandmaster: Male - Viswanathan Anand, 1988.
  • Female - Koneru Humpy - 2002 - She was also the youngest woman to become a grandmaster at 15 years old. (Hou Yifan of China is the youngest woman to become a grandmaster, at 14 years and 6 months.)


  • First Indian Footballer to play overseas : Mohammed Salim
  • First Indian football goalkeeper to play overseas : Subrata Paul
  • First footballer to be named the Indian footballer of the century (20th century) : Pradip Kumar Banerjee
  • First Indian as well as an Asian to be declared best captains in the world by English FA : Shailen Manna
  • First Indian to manage a Bundesliga football club : Robin Dutt
  • First Indian to be inducted in the AFC Hall of Fame : Baichung Bhutia
  • First Indian to score the fastest goals (3rd fastest in the world) : I. M. Vijayan




Governance in women[edit]



  • First partition of Indian state: Bengal
  • First road which is a connected to a Wi-Fi Zone: Rajarhat (connecting Rajarhat Main Arterial Road to the airport to Sector V in the city of Kolkata with 10.5 km)[33]
  • District to achieve 100% literacy rate: Ernakulam district, Kerala, 1990
  • City/town to achieve 100% literacy rate: Kottayam, Kerala, 1989
  • District to achieve 100% literacy rate and lowest population growth rate: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala
  • District to be polio-free: Pathanamthitta district, Kerala
  • District to achieve tobacco free: Kottayam district, Kerala, 27 September 2008
  • District to become India's 'total electrified district': Palakkad, Kerala, 2011
  • City to have an e-court: Ahmedabad, 8 February 2009
  • India's first Wi-Fi city : Kolkata


  • First (Metro) rail to become Zone of Indian Railways: Kolkata Metro as the (17Th Zonal Headquarter) (30-12-2010)[34]
  • First and the only Indian (Metro) rail under Indian Railways: Kolkata Metro
  • First Passenger Train: between Mumbai and Thane on 16 April 1853
  • First suburban railway line: Mumbai Suburban Railway in 1857
  • First rapid transit (Metro) rail: Kolkata Metro in 1984
  • First Motorcar: in 1897, Mr Forster of Crompton Greaves
  • First Motorcar in regular use: Francis Spring, Chennai in 1901.
  • First Indians to own a motor car: Jamshedji Tata and Rustom Cama, a Parsi Lawyer in 1901.
  • First competitive event: Delhi - Bombay trials in 1905 at the behest of Lord Curzon and Motor Union of Western India to test the suitability of the Automobile for Indian roads and to facilitate interaction between the fledging Automobile Industry and prospective Indian clients[35][36][37][38][39]
  • Oldest surviving and running cars in India: De Dion Bouton 1904, Rover 1905
  • First woman to drive a car in India:[40] RD Tata 1905
  • First woman to drive a railway train in India : Surekha Yadav
  • First female auto-rickshaw driver - Shila Dawre; Pune, 1988 [41]
  • First Motor Taxi: Mumbai, 1911
  • First largescale import of motor cars: Relatively large contingent of motorcars imported for the Delhi Darbar held in 1911 to mark the arrival of King George V[42]
  • First registration scheme for motor vehicles in India: 1912
  • Arrival of mass production technology makes the Automobile a practical means of transport by the 1920s and most British officers had cars
  • First Assembly of motor cars: General Motors sets up the first assembly unit to assemble cars from imported parts in 1928. The National Series AB sedan is produced.
  • First manufacture of motor cars: Hindustan Motors begins production of cars in 1942. Premier automobiles and Standard Motors setup. Technology stagnates as a result of economic autarky as India is isolated from the rest of the world
  • First act leading to liberalization of the Auto sector: Maruti 800 launched in 1983 and the automotive industry is progressively liberalized
  • First fully indigenous passenger car developed in India: Tata Indica, launched in 1998
  • First expressway: Mumbai - Pune Expressway in 2000,
  • First major acquisition of a foreign company by an Indian company: Tata Motors acquires Jaguar and Land Rover in 2007. Mahindra Automotive emerges as the top bidder for SsangYong Motor Company in 2010.
  • First aeroplane in India: Maharaja of Patiala, 1910[43]
  • Domestic commercial aviation is born in India in 1911 when on 18 February, Henri Piquet, flying a Humber biplane, carries mall from Allahabad to Naini Junction, some six miles away.
  • 1927: India's first airline, Imperial Airways, extends its Empire Routes to India, connecting India with the outside world for the first time through an air network. A de Havilland Hercules flies the Cairo-Basra-Karachi-Jodhpur-Delhi route. It is also the first domestic passenger flight to be operated in India. Passengers could be for the first time fly from Karachi to Jodhpur and to Delhi on Imperial Airways.
  • On 10 February 1929, J. R. D. Tata is awarded India's first pilot licence, Pilot Licence No.1 by Federation Aeronotique International signed by Sir Victor Sasoon on behalf of the Aero Club of India and Burma.
  • 1932: Urmila K Parikh becomes the first woman to get a pilot licence when she is given an a licence by the Aero Club of India and Burma.
  • 1932: J. R. D. Tata launches India's first scheduled airline, Tata Airlines, by piloting the first flight himself from Karachi to Bombay via Ahmedabad on a single-engine Puss Moth with a load of airmail.

Literature and media[edit]

  • Newspaper: Hicky's Bengal Gazette started in 1780.
  • Hindi Newspaper: Udant Martand on May 30, 1826; published and edited by Jugal Kishore Shukla from Calcutta.[44]
  • Hindi monthly magazine: Saraswati on January 1, 1900, started by Chintamani Ghosh in Allahabad[45]


  • Miss India to participate in Miss Universe: Indrani Rahman in the Miss Universe 1952 Pageant at Long Beach, California
  • India’s First woman Merchant Navy Officer: Sonali Banerjee
  • First Lady Teacher: Savitribai Phule
  • First Lady Doctor: Anandibai Joshi
  • First Indian World #1 women's tennis sportsperson (doubles) : Sania Mirza
  • First Indian #1 women's badminton player: Saina Nehwal
  • The first record holder in the field of development of eco-innovation: Shripad Vaidya[48] 13 Jun 2010 – Vaidya is the first Nagpurian to get two Limca records within a year in ... as the first record holder in the field of development of eco-innovation.
  • World's first hand written needle book: Madhushala[49]
  • Writer of world's first hand written needle book (Madhushala): Piyush Goel[50]
  • First Disabled Friendly Bank ATM by Union Bank of India[51]


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