Firth of Tay

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Firth of Tay
Firth of Tay is located in Scotland
Firth of Tay
Firth of Tay
Location in Scotland
LocationScotland, United Kingdom
Coordinates56°26′N 3°00′W / 56.433°N 3.000°W / 56.433; -3.000Coordinates: 56°26′N 3°00′W / 56.433°N 3.000°W / 56.433; -3.000
Official nameFirth of Tay and Eden Estuary
Designated28 July 2000
Reference no.1034[1]
A map of the Firth of Tay and environs

The Firth of Tay (/ˈt/; Scottish Gaelic: Linne Tatha) is a firth on the east coast of Scotland, into which the River Tay (Scotland's largest river in terms of flow) empties. The firth is surrounded by four council areas: Fife, Perth and Kinross, City of Dundee, and Angus. Its maximum width (at Invergowrie) is 3 mi (4.8 km). [2]

Two bridges span the firth: the Tay Road Bridge and the Tay Rail Bridge.[3]

The marshy Mugdrum Island is the only major island in the firth.[4]

The Firth of Tay in Antarctica was discovered in 1892–93 by Captain Thomas Robertson of the Dundee whaling expedition and named by him after the one in Scotland. He also named nearby Dundee Island in honour of the main city on the firth.[5]

Natural heritage[edit]

The Firth of Tay and the Eden Estuary (which lies 8 miles (13 km) to the south of the firth) were designated as Special Protection Areas on 2 February 2000, as Ramsar wetlands a few months later (on 28 July 2000), and as Special Areas of Conservation five years later (on 17 March 2005). Several parts of the firth are within a site of special scientific interestInner Tay Estuary, Monifieth Bay, Tayport-Tentsmuir Coast. The Invergowrie Bay section of the firth is a local nature reserve.

The Firth of Tay is noted for its extensive sand and mudflats, its population of common seals, and its wintering birds (such as oystercatcher, bar-tailed godwit, shelduck and velvet scoter). There is good access to much of the shoreline, and the firth offers many good wildlife-watching opportunities.

The reed bed on the north shore of the inner estuary in the firth is about 15 km long; it is thought to be the most extensive reedbed in Britain.

Towns and villages along the coast[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Firth of Tay and Eden Estuary". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Tay, Firth of". Angus Council. Archived from the original on 7 September 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  3. ^ "The Tay Bridges". Tay Estuary. Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Historical perspective for Mugdrum Island". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  5. ^ "Tay, Firth of". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 23 March 2012.