Firuzkuh

Coordinates: 35°45′25″N 52°46′13″E / 35.75694°N 52.77028°E / 35.75694; 52.77028
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Firuzkuh
Persian: فيروزكوه
City
Firuzkuh Castle
Firuzkuh is located in Iran
Firuzkuh
Firuzkuh
Coordinates: 35°45′25″N 52°46′13″E / 35.75694°N 52.77028°E / 35.75694; 52.77028[1]
CountryIran
ProvinceTehran
CountyFiruzkuh
DistrictCentral
Population
 (2016)[2]
 • Total17,453
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
WebsiteOfficial website

Firuzkuh (Persian: فيروزكوه, also Romanized as Fīrūzkūh and Fīrūz Kūh; Tabarian: Pirezcow; also known as Qaşabeh-ye Fīrūz Kūh)[3] is a city in the Central District of Firuzkuh County, Tehran province, Iran, and serves as capital of the county.

At the 2006 census, its population was 15,807 in 4,334 households.[4] The following census in 2011 counted 20,371 people in 5,484 households.[5] The latest census in 2016 showed a population of 17,453 people in 5,700 households.[2]

It is located northeast of Tehran, in the middle of Alborz Mountains. Previously, it was part of Mazandaran Province.

The city has a relatively cool and windy climate. It has some natural attractions and is famous for them, including Tange Vashi, Boornic Cave, Roodafshan Cave, Village Gadook, and the sight-seeing of villages like Varse-Kharan, Zarrin Dasht, Darreh-Deh, and Kaveh Deh.

Firuzkuh is rich in historical heritage and some of the most ancient objects in Tehran Province have been found there. Among its villages, Darreh-Deh contains the most ancient places. During the reign of Timur, Ruy González de Clavijo praised the town's concentric citadel and suggested that it could resist any assault.[6] Nearby castles belonged to the Nizari Ismaili state. Veresk Bridge lies on the road north of Firuzkuh.

Climate[edit]

Firuzkuh has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk).

Climate data for Firuzkuh ( 1993-2010 )
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
15.4
(59.7)
20.8
(69.4)
26.6
(79.9)
30.0
(86.0)
33.4
(92.1)
35.4
(95.7)
35.6
(96.1)
31.5
(88.7)
26.0
(78.8)
19.4
(66.9)
17.0
(62.6)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
4.0
(39.2)
9.7
(49.5)
16.3
(61.3)
21.2
(70.2)
26.0
(78.8)
28.4
(83.1)
29.3
(84.7)
25.2
(77.4)
18.8
(65.8)
10.8
(51.4)
5.4
(41.7)
16.5
(61.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.7
(38.7)
9.1
(48.4)
13.5
(56.3)
17.9
(64.2)
20.8
(69.4)
20.4
(68.7)
16.1
(61.0)
10.7
(51.3)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.1
(30.0)
9.1
(48.3)
Average low °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
−3.6
(25.5)
1.5
(34.7)
5.0
(41.0)
9.0
(48.2)
12.6
(54.7)
12.0
(53.6)
6.8
(44.2)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−7.0
(19.4)
1.3
(34.4)
Record low °C (°F) −28.0
(−18.4)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−16.0
(3.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
2.0
(35.6)
5.0
(41.0)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.0
(30.2)
−8.8
(16.2)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−28.0
(−18.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37.0
(1.46)
29.4
(1.16)
40.9
(1.61)
36.9
(1.45)
25.7
(1.01)
9.4
(0.37)
18.6
(0.73)
10.4
(0.41)
5.6
(0.22)
14.8
(0.58)
24.8
(0.98)
28.9
(1.14)
282.4
(11.12)
Average rainy days 7.7 7.7 9.4 7.4 8.0 3.2 4.7 4.1 2.4 5.1 5.9 7.4 73
Average snowy days 4.6 5.1 3.4 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.4 4.2 20
Average relative humidity (%) 67 63 56 49 44 42 44 41 43 48 57 64 52
Average dew point °C (°F) −9.7
(14.5)
−7.9
(17.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
1.4
(34.5)
4.6
(40.3)
7.7
(45.9)
6.1
(43.0)
2.9
(37.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
−3.9
(25.0)
−7.1
(19.2)
−1.1
(30.1)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 181.4 194.2 223.3 240.0 300.9 340.5 330.6 325.0 301.7 251.3 196.8 170.7 3,056.4
Source: [7](Dew Point)[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ OpenStreetMap contributors (13 March 2023). "Firuzkuh, Firuzkuh County" (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 13 March 2023.
  2. ^ a b "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1395 (2016)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 23. Archived from the original (Excel) on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  3. ^ Firuzkuh can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3063087" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". AMAR (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 23. Archived from the original (Excel) on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  5. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1390 (2011)" (Excel). Iran Data Portal (in Persian). The Statistical Center of Iran. p. 23. Retrieved 19 December 2022.
  6. ^ Nicolle, David. The Age of Tamerlane. p. 22.
  7. ^ I.R OF IRAN SHAHREKORD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION ( IN PERSIAN ).
  8. ^ "STATION FIROUZKOOH (40756) I.R OF IRAN METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION (IRIMO) FORM 10". Chaharmahalmet. I.R. of Iran Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 12 September 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)