Fish and chip shop

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A fish and chip shop in Broadstairs, United Kingdom
Such shops like this one in London often sell other forms of fast food such as kebabs, burgers etc.
A mobile street vendor selling fish and chips in Chiang Mai, Thailand

A fish and chip shop is a form of a fast food restaurant that specialises in selling fish and chips. Usually, fish and chip shops provide takeaway service, although some have seating facilities. Variations on the name include fish bar, fisheries in Yorkshire, fish shop and chip shop. In the United Kingdom including Northern Ireland, they are colloquially known as a chippy, while in the rest of Ireland they are known as chippers. Fish and chip shops may also sell other foods, including variations on their core offering such as battered sausage and burgers, to regional cuisine such as Indian or Chinese food.

Oldham - first chip shop in UK


A blue plaque at Oldham's Tommyfield Market in England marks the 1860s origin of the fish and chip shop and fast food industries.[1] By 1910, there were more than 25,000 fish and chip shops across the UK, and in the 1920s there were more than 35,000 shops.[1] In 1928, Harry Ramsden's fast food restaurant chain opened in the UK. On a single day in 1952, his fish and chip shop in Guiseley, West Yorkshire, served 10,000 portions of fish and chips, earning itself a place in the Guinness Book Of Records.[1] Now the "corner fish-n-chip shop" has become staple throughout the western world[citation needed], as well as making inroads into the middle- and far-east.


The word "chip-shop" is first recorded by the Oxford English Dictionary in 1953.[2] "Chippy" or "chippie" was first recorded in 1961.[3] Occasionally the type of fish will be specified, as in 'Cod-n-Chips'.


Many British villages, suburbs, towns and cities have fish and chip shops, especially near coastal regions.

Fish and chip outlets sell roughly 30% of all the white fish consumed in the United Kingdom, and use 10% of the UK potato crop.[4]

An Irish-Italian takeaway in Celbridge.

In Ireland, many "chippers" are operated by Italian immigrant families, all native to the Province of Frosinone in Lazio.[5] The Italian chip shop tradition began with Giuseppe Cervi, who took a boat to America in the 1880s but instead disembarked at Cobh, County Cork and walked to Dublin, establishing a takeaway at 22 Great Brunswick Street (modern Pearse Street).[6][7][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "The Portuguese gave us fried fish, the Belgians invented chips but 150 years ago an East End boy united them to create The World's Greatest Double Act". Daily Mail. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  2. ^ [1](subscription required)
  3. ^ [2](subscription required)
  4. ^ "As British as Fish And Chips".
  5. ^ "The History of ITICA — ITICA".
  6. ^ "A postcard, Giuseppe Cervi and the story of the Dublin chipper". 14 March 2017.
  7. ^ "How fish and chips enriched a nation". The Irish Times.
  8. ^ "6 interesting facts from the unique history of Irish-Italian chippers".

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