Fishermans Bend, Victoria
|Area||1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)|
|Location||1 km (1 mi) north of Melbourne CBD|
|LGA(s)||Municipality of Port Phillip|
|State electorate(s)||Albert Park|
Fishermans Bend (formerly Fishermen's Bend) is a precinct within the City of Port Phillip and the City of Melbourne. It is located on the south of the Yarra River in the suburb of Port Melbourne and opposite Coode Island, close to Melbourne city centre. Fishermans Bend originally included the area now known as Garden City, which was renamed in 1929.
Since 2012 the area has been designated as a major urban renewal area, with plans for 80,000 residents by 2050. The future framework for Fishermans Bend includes one major employment precinct and four primarily residential suburbs.
From the 1850s, the lower reaches of the Yarra River known as 'Humbug Reach' and 'Fishermen's Bend' were occupied by fishermen of European descent. Thirty families lived on the 'Bend', frequently finding additional work in the docks and cargo ships and loading ballast for ships returning to Europe. Habitation was in rough shacks along the Bend, made from corrugated iron, flattened kerosene tins or wood. There were no roads, shops, or sewerage. Water was collected from hanging out sail canvases, and stored in iron tanks or casks. Milk came from a nearby farm. Fishing continues on the Bay, but today only two fishing licences belong to descendants of these early pioneer settlers. The last remaining shack on the Bend was demolished in 1970, to make way for Webb Dock. The new Surf Life Saving Club headquarters stand on the site.
The neighbourhood of Fishermans Bend also has a significant place in Australian aviation history, being the home of several prominent historical Australian aircraft design and manufacturing companies, including the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation, General Motors Holden, Smorgon Steel, Government Aircraft Factories, the Aeronautical Research Laboratories and regional facilities for Boeing. Fishermen's Bend Aerodrome remained in use until 1957.
Previous industries included the car manufacturers Australian Motor Industries and the Rootes Group, GKN Aerospace Engineering Services and a campus of RMIT University dedicated to aerospace engineering.
Fishermans Bend is a primarily industrial centre at the foot of the West Gate Bridge and contains major establishments for the Defence Science and Technology Organisation, Holden Australia, Hawker de Havilland, the Cooperative Research Centre for Advanced Composite Structures, Kraft Foods, Specsavers, Toyota Australia, and port security. It also has a marina, known as d'Albora Marinas Pier 35, and the Webb Dock container terminal. Fishermans Bend has a single large reserve known as Westgate Park, a large artificial wetland.
In 2012, then-Planning Minister Matthew Guy under the State Government of Ted Baillieu made a surprise decision to rezoned 250 hectares of Fishermans Bend from urban industrial land to mixed use, placing the area as part of Melbourne's Capital City Zone. This move was highly controversial, as it led to a large increase in property prices for current land-owners before the provision of any public services or infrastructure. The rezoning delivered significant profits to land-owners in the area, including senior members of the Liberal Party. In the three years following the rezoning, 68 development applications for office and residential buildings were made, 46 of which were between 20 and 64 storeys high.
The Age newspaper reported in 2014 that the rezoning cost the State Government up to $330 million to buy private land to convert to land for public parks and other public uses. A 2015 report by an expert advisory committee appointed by Guy's Labor successor Richard Wynne found the rezoning lacked a clear rationale, lacked sufficient planning, and occurred before the State had developed a strategy for transport, local services or infrastructure. The committee report labelled the rezoning as "unprecedented in the developed world in the 21st century". The report argued:
The rezoning mistakenly assumed that the development of an urban renewal area could be managed by the exercise of the same controls and processes as the rest of the Capital City Zone which applies to the ‘Hoddle Grid’ and Southbank where there is a strong Municipal Strategic Statement, existing statutory design and development planning overlay controls, and where public transport, roads, open space, heritage overlays and building form are all in place. None of these factors applied in the Fishermans Bend Urban Renewal Area at the time of the rezoning.
In 2015 the State Government paid $30 million for a small industrial site on Buckhurst Street in Fishermans Bend to create a public park, five times its value eight years prior.
Urban renewal framework
Following the 2014 Victorian state election in 2015 the new Labor State Government introduced interim planning controls, seeking to reset the planning approach to the precinct. The Government expanded the Fishermans Bend regeneration area to include the City of Melbourne's industrial precinct along the river's edge, bringing the total urban renewal area to 480 hectares. In early 2018 the State Government put a hold on all development applications in the precinct until permanent planning controls were put in place, citing the height of proposed developments.
In 2017 the University of Melbourne announced it was building an engineering and IT campus in the Fishermans Bend Employment Precinct. The campus is set to open in the early 2020s and house 1000 postgraduate students. The University spent $49.8 million to buy seven hectares in the precinct, in the old General Motors Holden site.
After a public engagement process, a new planning framework and strategy for Fishermans Bend was released in October 2018. The plan introduced new planning controls, restricted building heights, mandated building set-backs and articulated the location of future open space, schools and public transport. It defined the creation of five new suburbs in Fishermans Bend:
- Fishermans Bend Employment Precinct
The Framework aimed for 80,000 jobs and 80,000 residents in the area by 2050.
Along with new planning controls, the 2018 Framework proposed two tram lines through Fishermans Bend: one running through the new suburbs of Sandridge and Wirraway along Plummer Street, and the other running through Lorimer and the Employment Precinct along Turner Street. The Framework gives a 'medium term' delivery timeframe of 2020-2025, while Infrastructure Australia also identified the project as a 'medium term' priority. The 2019-2020 state budget allocated $4.5 million to plan the tram routes to Fishermans Bend and develop a preliminary business case for the project.
The Framework also outlined two possible options for metro stations as part of the proposed Melbourne Metro 2 tunnel, which would connect the Werribee line with the Mernda line through a new underground rail link. After the release of the plan, industry figures and some media outlets called for funding for the proposed public transport links.
- 'Fishermans Bend,' eMelbourne encyclopedia, Department of History, The University of Melbourne, Published July 2008
- Carey, Adam (4 October 2018). "New vision for Fishermans Bend: Towers cut down to size, car parks limited". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- State of Victoria Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (October 2018). "Fishermans Bend Framework" (PDF).CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Meiers, Allan; Port Melbourne Historical & Preservation Society (2006), Fisher folk of Fishermans Bend, Port Melbourne Historical and Preservation Society, ISBN 978-0-9757528-3-8
- FISHERMENS BEND - A CENTRE OF AUSTRALIAN AVIATION J. L. Keppert,COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA 1993
- Perkins, Miki (2 July 2012). "Mayor hits out at Guy's city plan". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Lucas, Chris Vedelago and Clay (10 August 2014). "Government faces $340 million bill over planning blunder". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Cook, Henrietta: "Train stations, tree-lined boulevards mooted for Fishermans Bend", in The Age, 16 September 2013
- Lucas, Royce Millar, Chris Vedelago and Clay (1 November 2014). "Fishermans Bend: anatomy of a high-rise ghetto". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Schneiders, Royce Millar, Chris Vedelago, Ben (31 October 2015). "Liberals profit at Fishermans Bend". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Ruming, Kristian (20 February 2018). Urban Regeneration in Australia: Policies, Processes and Projects of Contemporary Urban Change. Routledge. ISBN 9781317003489.
- Preiss, Royce Millar, Clay Lucas and Benjamin (20 October 2015). "Report slams Matthew Guy on rezoning of Fishermans Bend". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Fishermans Bend Advisory Committee (October 2015). "Fishermans Bend Advisory Committee: Report 1" (PDF). p. 19.
- Lucas, Royce Millar and Clay (20 October 2015). "Public pays for developer windfalls at Fishermans Bend". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- "Fishermans Bend regeneration takes shape". Australian Financial Review. 17 April 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- "Multi-billion-dollar developments on hold in 'unprecedented' Victorian Government move". ABC News. 22 February 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Houston, Chris Vedelago, Cameron (21 February 2018). "Fishermans Bend planning freeze casts doubts on $4.5b in development". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Jacks, Timna (21 December 2017). "Students set to take the bus to Melbourne Uni's 'future of engineering'". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Dunstan, Joseph (5 October 2018). "Height restrictions for developers at urban renewal zone in inner-Melbourne". ABC News. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- "Project: Fishermans Bend Tram Link". Infrastructure Pipeline. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Department of Economic Development, Jobs. "Fishermans Bend tram". transport.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- "Fishermans Bend planning framework good, but transport certainty crucial". Australian Financial Review. 7 October 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
- Carey, Adam (4 October 2018). "Fishermans Bend a vision that needs flesh on its bones". The Age. Retrieved 14 July 2019.