Fisherton Delamere

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Fisherton Delamere
Parish church of St Nicholas Fisherton de la Mere.jpg
St Nicholas's Church, Fisherton
Fisherton Delamere is located in Wiltshire
Fisherton Delamere
Fisherton Delamere
 Fisherton Delamere shown within Wiltshire
OS grid reference SU000385
Civil parish Wylye
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Warminster
Postcode district BA12
Dialling code 01985
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°08′46″N 2°00′04″W / 51.146°N 2.001°W / 51.146; -2.001

Fisherton Delamere, also spelt Fisherton de la Mere and Fisherton Delamare, is a small village and former civil parish on the River Wylye, Wiltshire, England.

The parish came to an end in 1934 and was divided between Wylye and Stockton, the latter gaining the hamlet of Bapton, while the village of Fisherton Delamere retained a separate identity within Wylye.

Location[edit]

The settlement lies just off the A36 road, mid-way between Salisbury and Warminster, and some ten miles south-west of Amesbury.[1]

Position: grid reference SU001385

Name[edit]

In the Domesday Book of 1086, Fisherton is spelt Fisertone and had not yet gained its further name.[2] "Delamere", variously spelt through the ages, was added later because this was the name of the lords of the manor, the Delameres of Nunney Castle.[3]

History[edit]

In 1086, Fisherton was owned by Roger de Corcelle. He was also the owner of Curry Mallet in Somerset, under which his Wiltshire manor was held. In the time of Edward the Confessor, Fisherton had been owned by a man named Bondi.[2]

The ancient parish of Fisherton Delamere formed a detached part of the Warminster hundred of Wiltshire. It contained two villages, Fisherton itself, to the north of the River Wylye, and Bapton, about a mile away and to the south of the river, and a combined total of 2,834 acres, of which 1,660 were in Fisherton. The civil parish, was extinguished in 1934, when Fisherton was transferred to Wylye, and Bapton to Stockton.[4][5] The former parish was a rough oblong stretching both north and south up into the downland on each side of the river, each slope running down from an altitude of about 600 feet. At the south is a level area called the Bake. On the north-east the parish boundary ran along the old road from Chitterne to Stapleford, on the south along Grim's Dyke, an ancient earthwork, while on the south-west the boundary cut through a combe, Roakham Bottom.[4]

The name Delamere, Delamare, or de la Mere, refers to the family which owned the manor in the Middle Ages, whose name was spelt in all of those ways. The last of the family was Sir John Delamare (c. 1320–1383).[6]

A detailed parish history was published in 1965 by the Wiltshire Victoria County History.[7]

Owners[edit]

When Eleanor Delamare, the niece and heiress of Sir John Delamare, died in 1413, Fisherton passed into the Paulet family and thus to the William Paulet who was Lord Chamberlain and Secretary of State to Henry VIII, and Lord High Treasurer to Edward VI, Lady Jane Grey, Mary I, and Elizabeth I.[6] Fisherton continued to belong to the Paulets as Dukes of Bolton.[8]

The Fisherton estate was owned by the Dukes of Somerset in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Bapton was owned by Sir Cecil Chubb from 1927, and he lived at Bapton Manor. In 1939 his heirs sold his estate to Alfred Douglas-Hamilton, 13th Duke of Hamilton, who died in 1940.[4]

Church[edit]

The Church of England parish church, St Nicholas's Church, built in the 14th century in a chequerboard pattern of flint and Chilmark stone, sits on a hill overlooking the River Wylye at the centre of the village. It is now a Grade II* listed building[9] in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[10]

The parish registers survive in the Wiltshire and Swindon History Centre for the following dates: Christenings 1561–1895, Marriages 1566–1992, burials 1569–1992.[1]

Governance[edit]

Almost all of the present village of Fisherton Delamere is now part of the parish of Wylye. However, as the River Wylye is the parish boundary, Fisherton Mill (lying on the south of the river) is in Stockton. The village comes under the Wylye parish council and is in the area of the Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for almost all significant local government functions. It forms part of the South West Wiltshire Parliament constituency, and the serving Member of Parliament is Andrew Murrison.

Notable people[edit]

List of Vicars[edit]

  • William de Beloney: 1314[4]
  • John Conge: early 15th century[14]
  • Joel Doughty: 1596–1613[15]
  • Thomas Crockford: 1613–1634[16]
  • Edward Seymour: 1793[17]
  • William Davis: 1807[18]
  • Edward Graves Meyrick: 1813
  • William Davison Thring DD: 1844[19]
  • Thomas John Davis: 1854–1868[20]
  • W. G. N. Fenwick: 1868–1883[21][22]
  • Thomas Ratcliffe:1885–1893[23]
  • Raymond Williams: 1897

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fisherton Delamere at genuki.org.uk, accessed 5 November 2010
  2. ^ a b William Henry Jones, Domesday for Wiltshire: extracted from accurate copies of the original (1865), p. 216 online at books.google.co.uk
  3. ^ John Murray (publishers), A handbook for travellers in Wiltshire, Dorsetshire and Somersetshire ( ), p. 67 online at books.google.com: "Fisherton de la Mere, so named after its ancient lords, the De la Meres of Nunney Castle."
  4. ^ a b c d e 'Fisherton de la Mere', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8, Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), pp. 34–46. online at british-history.ac.uk, accessed 5 November 2010
  5. ^ A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume IV (1959), p. 361
  6. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, vol. 20, p. 959: "William Paulet, by his marriage with Eleanor Delamare (d. 1413), daughter of Philip Delamare and heir of her brother, acquired for his descendants Fisherton Delamare in Wiltshire and Nunney Castle in Somerset. Their son Sir John Paulet married Constance, daughter and coheir of Hugh Poynings, son and heir of Sir Thomas Poynings, Lord St John of Basing."
  7. ^ A History of the County of Wiltshire, Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965)
  8. ^ Edward Hungerford Goddard, ed., The Wiltshire archaeological and natural history magazine, vol. 1 (1854), p. 173 online at books.google.co.uk
  9. ^ "Church of St Nicholas". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  10. ^ "St Nicholas, Fisherton Delamere". Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 5 November 2010. 
  11. ^ Mike Pincombe, abstract of Rowland Broughton's The Life and Death of Sir William Paulet, online at hrionline.ac.uk, accessed 13 November 2010: Broughton says Paulet was born at Fisherton Delamere
  12. ^ J. D. Alsop, William Paulet, First Marquis of Winchester: A Question of Age (1987): "So when, and where, was William Paulet born? The family tradition that the event took place at Fisherton de la Mere in Wiltshire..."
  13. ^ Dr Alan Bryson, The Legal Quays: Sir William Paulet, First Marquis of Winchester (Gresham College lecture, 2008), online at gresham.ac.uk: "Winchester may have been born at Fisherton-Delamare in Wiltshire..."
  14. ^ The register of Robert Hallum, Bishop of Salisbury, 1407-17
  15. ^ Wiltshire notes and queries Volume 1 (1896), p. 419
  16. ^ Martin Ingram, Church courts, sex and marriage in England, 1570-1640 (1990), p. 119
  17. ^ Eldest son of Lord William Seymour, younger brother of Edward, 9th Duke of Somerset
  18. ^ R. E. Sandell, ed., Abstracts of Wiltshire inclosure awards and agreements, (Wiltshire Record Society Vol. 25, 1971), p. 74
  19. ^ Edmund Burke, The Annual register of world events: a review of the year Volume 85 (1844), p. 212
  20. ^ Crockford's Clerical Directory for 1868, p. 176 online at books.google.co.uk
  21. ^ Thompson Cooper, ed., The Register, and magazine of biography (1869), p. 135
  22. ^ The Family Churchman (1883), p. 730: Fenwick was reported to have been missing for more than a month, having last been seen near the sea at Cherbourg.
  23. ^ The Eagle vol. 17 (1893), p. 551