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In anatomy, a fissure (Latin fissura, plural fissurae) is a groove, natural division, deep furrow, elongated cleft, or tear in various parts of the body also generally called a sulcus, or in the brain a sulcus.
- Medial longitudinal fissure or Longitudinal fissure: which divides the cerebrum into the two hemispheres.
- Fissure of Bichat: found below the corpus callosum in the cerebellum of the brain.
- Broca's fissure: found in the third left frontal fold of the brain.
- Burdach's fissure: connects the brain's insula and the inner surface of the operculum.
- Calcarin's fissure: extends from the occipital of the cerebrum to the occipital fissure.
- Callosomarginal fissure: found in the mesial surface of the cerebrum.
- Central sulcus or Rolando's fissure: separates the brain's frontal and parietal lobes.
- Clevenger's fissure: found in the inferior temporal lobe of the brain
- Collateral fissure: found in the inferior surface of the cerebrum.
- Hippocampal sulcus: a sulcus that extends from the brain's corpus callosum to the tip of the temporal lobe.
- Horizontal fissure or Transverse fissure: found between the cerebrum and the cerebellum. Note that a "transverse fissure" can also be found in the liver and lungs.
- Occipitoparietal fissure: found between the occipital and parietal lobes of the brain.
- Fissure of Sylvius: separates the frontal and parietal lobes of the brain from the temporal lobe.
- Wernicke's fissure: separates the brain's temporal and parietal lobes from the occipital lobe.
- Zygal fissure: found in the cerebrum.
- Auricular fissure: found in the temporal bone
- Pterygomaxillary fissure
- Petrotympanic fissure
- Sphenoidal fissure: separates the wings and the body of the sphenoid bone.
- Superior orbital fissure
- Transverse fissure of liver: found in the lower surface of the liver.
- Portal fissure: found in the under-surface of the liver.
- Umbilical fissure: found in front of the liver.
- fissure for ligamentum teres hepatis
- fissure for ligamentum venosum
- Henle's fissure: the connective tissue between the muscle fibers of the heart.
- Palpebral fissure: separates the upper and lower eyelids.
- Anal Fissure: a break or tear in the skin of the anal canal. Main causes of the Anal fissure are Constipation, Frequent bowel movements causing the delicate anal lining to tear, Passing Hard stools (due to lack of water intake) and Inflammatory bowel diseases like Tuberculosis, Crohn’s disease etc.
- Fissure of the nipple