Fist of the North Star

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Fist of the North Star
Hokuto no Ken tankobon.jpg
Manga volume 1 cover, featuring Kenshiro
北斗の拳
(Hokuto no Ken)
Genre
Manga
Written byBuronson
Illustrated byTetsuo Hara
Published byShueisha
English publisher
ImprintJump Comics
MagazineWeekly Shōnen Jump
DemographicShōnen
Original runSeptember 13, 1983August 8, 1988
Volumes27 (List of volumes)
Anime television series
Directed byToyoo Ashida
Produced byYoshio Takami
Written byHiroshi Toda
Music byNozomi Aoki
StudioToei Animation
Licensed by
Original networkFuji TV
English network
Original run October 11, 1984 March 5, 1987
Episodes109 (List of episodes)
Anime television series
Fist of the North Star 2
Directed byToyoo Ashida
Produced byYoshio Takami
Written byHiroshi Toda
Music byNozomi Aoki
StudioToei Animation
Licensed by
Discotek Media
Original networkFuji TV
Original run March 13, 1987 February 18, 1988
Episodes43 (List of episodes)
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and manga portal

Fist of the North Star (Japanese: 北斗の拳, Hepburn: Hokuto no Ken, lit. "Fist of the Big Dipper")[a] is a Japanese manga series written by Buronson and illustrated by Tetsuo Hara. It was serialized in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump for 245 issues published from 1983 to 1988 and initially collected in 27 tankōbon volumes under the Jump Comics imprint. Set on a post-apocalyptic Earth after a nuclear war, the story centers on a warrior named Kenshiro, the successor of a deadly martial art known as Hokuto Shinken, which gives him the ability to kill his opponents by striking their secret vital points, which often results in them dying in an exceptionally violent and gory manner. Kenshiro dedicates his life to fighting against the various gangs, bandits, and warlords who threaten the lives of the defenseless and innocent, as well as rival martial artists, including his own "brothers" from the same school.

Fist of the North Star was adapted into two anime television series produced by Toei Animation, which together aired on Fuji TV and its affiliates from 1984 through 1988, comprising a combined total of 152 episodes. It has since expanded into a media franchise, including several anime films, a live-action film, OVAs, video games, and a series of spin-offs centering on other characters from the original story. It also has a number of video games and pachinko machines produced by Sega Sammy.

English adaptations of the manga was published by Viz Communications as a monthly comic book, and later by Gutsoon! Entertainment as a series of colorized graphic novels, although neither translation was completed. In October 2020, Viz Media announced that they will publish the title as a series hardcover editions starting in summer 2021. English adaptations of other Fist of the North Star media have been licensed to other companies, including the TV series and the 1986 film.

As of 2018, Fist of the North Star is among the highest-grossing media franchises of all time. The manga has sold over 100 million copies, making it one of the best-selling manga series in history.

Plot[edit]

A worldwide nuclear war sometime in the 1990s has resulted in the destruction of most of civilization, turning the world into a desert wasteland. The remnants of mankind fight over whatever supply of food and uncontaminated water still remaining as the strong prey on the weak. Kenshiro is the successor to Hokuto Shinken, an ancient martial art of assassination that trains its practitioners to kill from within an opponent's body through the use of hidden meridian points. Kenshiro wishes to live his life in peace, but after he is separated from his fiancée Yuria by a jealous rival, he begins his journey to become the savior of the post-apocalyptic world, defending the weak and innocent from the many gangs and organizations that threaten their survival. Along the way, Kenshiro meets a young thief named Bat and an orphaned girl named Lin, who join him as his traveling companions and bear witnesses to Ken's many battles.

Kenshiro ends up encountering numerous rival martial artists, including the six grandmasters of Nanto Seiken, a rival assassin's art, as well as his own adoptive brothers who competed with him for the Hokuto Shinken succession. Kenshiro's ultimate nemesis ends up becoming his eldest brother-in-training Raoh, a warrior who broke the law of Hokuto Shinken by killing his master Ryuken and refusing to surrender the succession to Kenshiro. Raoh seeks to conquer the post-apocalyptic world as a warlord under the mantle of Ken-oh, the King of the Fist, by challenging every martial artist he sees as a threat. After a long series of battles, Kenshiro emerges victorious over Raoh and it seems peace has finally come to the post-apocalyptic world, concluding the first half of the story.

The second half begins several years later after a tyrannical empire under the name of the Celestial Empress has risen to power, oppressing anyone who dares to oppose them. Kenshiro comes into action, joining the now-grown Bat and Lin under the banner of the Hokuto Army. As they fight their way into the Empire's capital city, they discover that the Empire has been taken over by the Viceroy Jakoh, a usurper who is keeping the real Celestial Empress captive in his dungeon. The Hokuto Army free the Empress and Jakoh is shortly vanquished afterward.

However, Lin is taken captive by the remnant of Jakoh's forces and is sent off to the mysterious Kingdom of Shura, a brutal land of warriors ruled by three overlords who have all mastered the ways of Hokuto Ryūken, a martial art which branched off from the same clan alongside Hokuto Shinken into the ways of darkness. Kaioh, the head of the three overlords, plans to conquer the post-apocalyptic world in the name of evil by wiping out the followers of Hokuto Shinken. Kenshiro uncovers the sealed testament of the Hokuto Shinken founder, Shuken, which holds the secret to overcoming Kaioh's ultimate technique. Kenshiro emerges victorious over Kaioh and rescues Lin, leaving her under Bat's care. During the final chapters, Kenshiro goes on a journey with Raoh's orphaned son Ryu, in order to lead him on the path to become the next Hokuto Shinken successor, encountering and battling various opponents along the way, before returning to Bat and Lin to protect them from a past enemy.

Production[edit]

The series' illustrator Tetsuo Hara in 2013

Tetsuo Hara was a fan of Chinese martial artist and actor Bruce Lee as well as action manga and the Japanese action film actor Yūsaku Matsuda as a teenager in the 1970s. As he did not have a videocassette recorder at the time, he often drew manga versions of Lee and Matsuda from memory.[4] Hara later came up with the idea of Fist of the North Star after being contacted by his editor Nobuhiko Horie, who asked him, "You want to write a manga about Chinese martial arts, right?" According to Hara, Horie suggested to him that he should draw a manga about "a martial artist who destroys his opponents by striking their acupressure points" based on Hara's aspiration to draw a manga about martial arts and his knowledge of pressure points. At the time, Hara was having trouble breaking into the market, as his first serial, The Iron Don Quijote (a manga about motocross racing), was canceled ten weeks after its debut.[5] For the new manga, Hara combined the appearance and character traits of Bruce Lee and Yūsaku Matsuda to create the protagonist, Kenshiro. He also inspired by the Ultraman and Tiger Mask series to create interesting enemy designs.[4]

A prototype version of Fist of the North Star was published as a one shot story in the April 1983 issue of Fresh Jump, which was followed by Fist of the North Star II, a second one-shot published in the June 1983 issue. Both stories were originally collected in the second tankōbon volume of The Iron Don Quijote, Hara's prior serial (although the later 1995 editions moves the first part of the Fist of the North Star pilot on the first volume and only include second part on the second volume).

The two one-shots were well received in the reader's surveys of Fresh Jump and Tetsuo Hara was commissioned to turn Fist of the North Star into a weekly series. Buronson was assigned to work with him as a writer for the serialized version. The storyline was revamped, with the 1980s present-day setting in the original version replaced by a post-apocalyptic future world, and the protagonist Kenshiro, originally a teenager framed for a crime he did not commit in Hara's prototype story, became an older and more stoic hero with a tragic past.[6] For the new setting, Hara drew inspiration from the post-apocalyptic film Mad Max 2 (1981), the cyberpunk film Blade Runner (1982), Katsuhiro Otomo's post-apocalyptic Japanese cyberpunk manga Akira (1982), and the illustrations of artists Syd Mead and Frank Frazetta.[7]

Buronson cited Bruce Lee and Mad Max as his two biggest influences on Fist of the North Star. He stated that Kenshiro and the martial arts were inspired by the martial artist Bruce Lee and his 1970s Hong Kong action kung fu films, while the post-apocalyptic setting was inspired by the Mad Max film series (1979 debut).[6] Fist of the North Star was also influenced by Go Nagai's manga series Violence Jack (1973 debut), which similarly had a post-apocalyptic desert wasteland setting with biker gangs, anarchic violence, ruined buildings, innocent civilians, tribal chiefs and small abandoned villages; it has been argued that Mad Max may have also been influenced by Violence Jack.[8][9][10] Originally, Hara and Buronson were contracted to do Fist of the North Star for a three-year run, but due to its popularity and the publisher's demand, it was extended to a five-year run.[5]

Media[edit]

Manga[edit]

Fist of the North Star, written by Buronson and Tetsuo Hara, premiered in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump on September 13, 1983,[11] and was serialized until August 8, 1988, lasting 245 issues. Its chapters were collected in twenty-seven tankōbon volumes, published under Shueisha's Jump Comics imprint.[12] During the 1990s, Shueisha reprinted the series in a fifteen-volume hardcover aizōban edition from 1991 to 1992,[13] as well as fifteen corresponding economy-sized bunko editions from 1997 to 1998.[14] The Fist of the North Star copyrights would be transferred over to Coamix, a company founded in June 2000 by Nobuhiko Horie after he left Shueisha.[15] A fourteen-volume Kanzenban edition was published by Shogakukan in 2006, under the Big Comics Selection imprint, featuring the original water-colored artwork from the Weekly Shōnen Jump serialization, as well as almost all of the original opening pages that were omitted in earlier editions, although it lacked the added artwork featured in previous collected editions that were drawn to replace ad spaces.[16] To celebrate the series' 30th anniversary, Tokuma Shoten re-published the series in an "Ultimate Edition", comprising eighteen volumes that were published from September 20, 2013 to July 19, 2014.[17][18] This edition features new cover illustrations by Hara and include an additional chapter in the 11th volume (see below).[19][20]

English translations[edit]

In 1989, Viz Communications published the first sixteen chapters of Fist of the North Star in English as an eight-issue monthly comic. These were later reprinted in a single graphic novel collection in 1995. During the same year, Viz resumed publication of the series as a monthly comic until 1997, lasting eighteen issues (adapting chapters 17–44), divided into three parts. This second run was subsequently republished in three additional graphic novel volumes titled Night of the Jackal, Southern Cross and Blood Brothers. Viz's version featured mirrored artwork with translated sound effects and other retouched details.

In 2002, a second English adaptation was published by Gutsoon! Entertainment under the title of Fist of the North Star: Master Edition, which retained the original right-to-left orientation but featured digitally colored artwork. Each volume from the fourth one and onward featured new cover illustrations by Hara that were made specifically for the Master Edition. The Master Edition ceased publication only a year after its start in 2003, lasting only nine volumes due to Gutsoon!'s withdrawal from the North American market. These colorized editions were translated back to the Japanese market, but only four volumes were published.

In 2020, Viz Media announced a print and digital publication of the manga in hardcover editions, adapted from the 2013 ultimate editions.[21] The first volume was released on June 15, 2021.[22]

Follow-ups and spinoffs[edit]

Fist of the Blue Sky (Sōten no Ken), a prequel to Fist of the North Star written by Nobuhiko Horie and drawn by Hara with supervision by Buronson, began publication in the premiere issue of Weekly Comic Bunch (dated May 29, 2001), a manga anthology published by Shinchosha and edited by Coamix. The title ran during the entirety of the magazine's run, initially as a regular feature and later as a semi-regular, until it ceased publication with issue #445 (dated September 10, 2010). During this period various Fist of the North Star spinoffs by different authors were also serialized in the magazine (see Hokuto Gaiden), each focusing on a different character from the original manga. The first of these, Ten no Haoh by Yowkow Osada, began publication in Comic Bunch #231 (cover dated March 24, 2006).[23] It was followed by Sōkoku no Garō by Yasuyuki Nekoi on Comic Bunch #286 (May 11–18, 2007),[24] Shirogane no Seija by Yuka Nagate on Comic Bunch #301 (September 7, 2007),[25] Gokuaku no Hana by Sin-ichi Hiromoto on Comic Bunch #366 (January 16–21, 2009)[26] and Hōkō no Kumo by Missile Kakurai on Comic Bunch #414 (January 22, 2010).[27] Jibo no Hoshi by Akimi Kasai, a spinoff focused on Yuria was also published as a limited series on Big Comic Superior for three issues in 2006, with a second run that lasted six issues in 2007.

In 2014, Buronson and Hara reunited to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the manga by producing a special two-part story for Coamix's subsequent manga anthology Monthly Comic Zenon. Titled Hokuto no Ken: Last Piece, it is set during the timeline gap between Chapters 136 and 137 of the original manga and focuses on Kokuoh, Raoh's former steed who ends up becoming Kenshiro's.[3][28] The first part was published in the May 2014 issue of Comic Zenon, and the second part in the following issue. It was later included as an extra chapter in Vol. 11 of the Ultimate Edition of the original manga. Other Hokuto no Ken titles published on Comic Zenon include DD Hokuto no Ken by Kajio, which started on the magazine's premiere issue (dated December 2010), Kin'yoku no Garuda, a side-story which started on Comic Zenon #29 (April 2013) and the currently ongoing Sōten no Ken: Regenesis, a sequel to the original Sōten no Ken manga drawn by Hideki Tsuji and written by Hiroyuki Yatsu which began serialization in Comic Zenon #85 (December 2017). Hokuto no Ken: Ichigo Aji written by Yūshi Kawata and illustrated by Yukito the Younger, began serialization in 2013 on Coamix's online manga anthology Web Comic Zenyon.[29]

Dedicated e-reader[edit]

In 2018, a dedicated e-reader was sold which shipped with 18 volumes of Fist of the North Star, without the option of loading anything else on to it. It has two screens that fold out like a book and sold for ¥30,000 in Japan. The read-only device is called an eOneBook and is powered by removable AAA batteries.[30]

Anime[edit]

TV series[edit]

Fist of the North Star was first adapted into an anime television series by Toei Animation. It aired on Fuji Television from October 11, 1984, to March 5, 1987, lasting 109 episodes.[31] It was immediately followed by a sequel series, titled Fist of the North Star 2, which aired from March 13, 1987 to February 18, 1988, lasting for 43 additional episodes (a combined total of 152 episodes between both series).

The full series was never released on VHS in Japan, although three-hour-long compilation movies were produced by Toei Video covering the first, second and fourth story arcs in that order. On July 24, 2002, Universal Music released a Region 2 DVD box set containing all 152 episodes spread across 26 discs.[32] These discs were later released as individual volumes from May 21, 2003 through January 21, 2004. Three "best of" DVD compilations were also released in 2005, each featuring seven key episodes from the series. On March 28, 2008, Avex released a 25th-anniversary edition box set featuring new video transfers of all 152 episodes remastered in high definition, once again spread across 26 discs. This set also features two additional discs of bonus content (including the aforementioned compilation movies).[33]

This show aired with English subtitles on Nippon Golden Network in the late 1980s. The first 36 episodes of the first series were translated and dubbed by Manga Entertainment in 1999, although only 24 episodes were released on VHS (spread across eight tapes). All 36 episodes of the dub version were aired on Showtime Beyond in the United States and on Sci-Fi Channel in the United Kingdom, and were later released on DVD in 2003 (spread across six individual volumes). In 2008, the US subsidiary of Toei Animation produced an official subtitle-only translation of all 152 episodes, which were released on various paid download and streaming websites available only for North American customers. Discotek Media announced on October 2, 2009 that they have licensed the entire Fist of the North Star TV series.[34] The first two boxsets were released in that year, and the latter two in 2011. The episodes use the same transfers from the 2008 DVD box set in Japan, although it did not contain any of the special features. The first set featured the first 36 episodes along with Manga Entertainment's English dub, and a Japanese audio option with English subtitles; these subtitles were adjusted from the translation of Toei's streaming episodes. Discotek later released all discs from all four boxsets (a total of 21 discs) together in one set, Fist of the North Star: The Series - The Complete Series Collection, on March 25, 2014. Discotek released the complete series as a standard definition Blu-ray set on October 31, 2017.

In 2009, William Winckler Productions produced six compilation movies voiced in English. The movies cover major story arcs from the TV series, each one centering on a specific character (Shin, Rei, Toki, Souzer, Raoh, and Kaioh).[35] These compilation movies had not been officially released in North America and Europe yet but were distributed to video streaming websites in Japan in 2012.[36]

Films and OVAs[edit]

The first animated feature film based on the series, simply titled Fist of the North Star, was produced by Toei Animation, which premiered in Japan on March 8, 1986.[37] Produced by the same staff and cast who worked on the TV series, the movie adapts the storyline of the manga from the beginning and up to Kenshiro's first fight with Raoh, taking several liberties with the order of events and how the story unfolds. An English-dubbed version produced by Streamline Pictures was first released in 1991 in North America and in 1994 in Europe and Australia by Manga Entertainment.

In 2003, a three-episode original video animation (OVA) mini-series titled New Fist of the North Star was produced by OB Planning, based on a 1996 Fist of the North Star novel, Jubaku no Machi. An English dub version was produced by ADV Films in 2004.

In 2005, North Stars Pictures and TMS Entertainment announced the development of a five-part film series titled Fist of the North Star: The Legends of the True Savior.[38] The series is composed of three theatrical films and two OVAs, which were released during a three-year period between 2006 throughout 2008, culminating with the 25th anniversary of the franchise.[39]

At the Japanese box office, Fist of the North Star (1986) grossed ¥1.8 billion[40] and Legend of Raoh: Chapter of Death in Love (2006) grossed ¥500 million,[41] for a combined ¥2.3 billion ($29 million). Chapter of Death in Love also grossed $1,258,568 overseas,[42] and Legend of Raoh: Chapter of Fierce Fight (2007) grossed $1,479,911 in Japan,[43] bringing the films' total worldwide box office gross to $32 million.

Novels[edit]

An original novel was written by Buronson and Tetsuo Hara titled Shōsetsu Hokuto no Ken: Jubaku no Machi which was published by Jump Novel in Japan on December 13, 1996.[44] The novel was the basis of the later three-episode OVA series New Fist of the North Star. A novelization of the movie Legend of Raoh: Chapter of Love in Death written by Eiichi Sakaki was published by Tokuma Novels on March 10, 2006.[45]

There have also been two cell phone novels released via the mobile site Hokuto no Ken DX. Raoh Gaiden, a novelization of the manga of the same name, and Kenshiro Gaiden, an original novel by Jotaro Higashi.

Live-action film[edit]

An American-produced live-action movie version of Fist of the North Star was released in 1995, directed by Tony Randel based on a script by Peter Atkins and Wynne McLaughlin. The movie, loosely based on the Shin storyline of the manga, stars Gary Daniels as Kenshiro, Costas Mandylor as Shin and Japanese actress Isako Washio as Yuria, with Malcolm McDowell as Ryuken and Chris Penn as "Jackal" (actually a renamed Jagi). It also featured a cameo by professional wrestler Big Van Vader as Goliath, and Kevin Arbouet as "Rao" (unrelated to the actual Raoh from the manga). The movie was released straight-to-video in the United States and Japan (though it did receive a premiere on HBO). The Japanese dubbed version used the original voice actors from the 1980s anime series.

Video games[edit]

Numerous video game titles based on the Fist of the North Star have been produced since the 1986 release of the Enix adventure game, simply titled Hokuto no Ken for the PC-88. The earlier games in the franchise were released by Sega for the Mark III and Mega Drive and by Toei Animation for Nintendo's Famicom, Game Boy and Super Famicom. These titles included side-scrolling action games, role-playing video games and competitive-style fighting games. The two Sega titles were stripped of the license and rebranded for the international market under the titles of Black Belt for the Master System and Last Battle for the Sega Genesis. Two Toei titles, namely Fist of the North Star (a localized version of the Famicom's Hokuto no Ken 2) for the NES released by Taxan Soft in 1989 and Fist of the North Star: 10 Big Brawls for the King of Universe for the Game Boy released by Electro Brain in 1991, had American releases with the license intact.

Further games were released for the Sega Saturn, PlayStation, PlayStation 2 and Nintendo DS, among other platforms. In 2000, Konami released an arcade game based on the franchise titled Fighting Mania. Another arcade game, a 2D fighting game simply titled Fist of the North Star, was produced by Sega and Arc System Works in 2005. Both of these games saw international distributions, although the PS2 version of the fighting game was released exclusively in Japan.[46][47] Tecmo Koei produced a Dynasty Warriors spin-off focusing on the events from the first half of the manga, titled Fist of the North Star: Ken's Rage, for the PlayStation 3. It which was released in Japan, North America, and Europe in 2010.[48] A sequel, Fist of the North Star: Ken's Rage 2, expanded on the first game and incorporated the events from the second half of the manga. It was released in Japan in 2012 and in North America in 2013. Sega's new game, Fist of the North Star: Lost Paradise was released for the PlayStation 4 in 2018. It was developed by the team behind the Yakuza series, featuring similar gameplay and elements, though rather than adapting the story of the manga, it is an original story with no continuity with events in the manga, though it does feature characters from the manga, voiced by actors from the Yakuza series.[49]

Reception and legacy[edit]

Fist of the North Star was one of Weekly Shōnen Jump's most popular titles during the 1980s. It is one of the best-selling manga series in history, having sold approximately 100 million copies.[50] In a poll conducted by TV Asahi in 2005, the Fist of the North Star anime series ranked 26 in a list of Top 100 Anime series.[51] In a second poll in 2006, it ranked 89.[52] In a celebrity version of the poll, it ranked 15. In November 2014, readers of Media Factory's Da Vinci magazine voted Fist of the North Star number 8 on a list of Weekly Shōnen Jump's greatest manga series of all time.[53] On TV Asahi's Manga Sōsenkyo 2021 poll, in which 150,000 people voted for their top 100 manga series, Fist of the North Star ranked 22nd.[54]

As of 2018, Fist of the North Star is one of the top twenty highest-grossing media franchises of all time,[55][better source needed] estimated to have generated more than $20 billion in total franchise revenue.[56][better source needed]

Impact[edit]

Fist of the North Star is considered one of the most influential shōnen manga series of all time. Geek.com calls it "an epochal, generation-defining work that introduced madcap ultraviolence to the page and inspired tons of other mangaka."[57] Berserk creator Kentaro Miura has named Fist of the North Star as the work that has had the biggest impact on his own.[58]

It also had an influence on video games. Technōs Japan game designer Yoshihisa Kishimoto cited it as an influence on the setting and art style of arcade beat 'em up game Double Dragon (1987), which had a disaster-ridden city inspired by both Mad Max and Fist of the North Star.[59] It has also been credited with originating the fatality finishing move concept which later appeared in the Mortal Kombat series of fighting games.[60]

Internet memes[edit]

In the 2010s, Kenshiro's catchphrase "Omae Wa Mou Shindeiru" ("You Are Already Dead") became one of the most popular anime-based Internet memes.[61] In September 2017, music producer deadman 死人 (Noah Ryan Murphy) released the song "Omae Wa Mou" which references the meme and samples the Japanese song "Tiny Little Adiantum" (2013) from the Touhou Project video game music album Toho Bossa Nova 2. The rapper Lil Boom produced his own version of the song called "Already Dead" three months later. In 2019, "Omae Wa Mou" went viral on TikTok and topped Spotify's Viral 50 chart, before being taken off the chart after being struck with a copyright claim.[62]

Pachinko[edit]

A number of pachinko and pachislot machines based on the franchise have been produced, mainly by Sega Sammy Holdings since the launch of the CR Hokuto No Ken pachinko machine in 2002. Pachislot Hokuto No Ken, launched in 2004, sold 620,000 units by March 2005, becoming the best-selling pachislot machine. Pachinko CR Hokuto No Ken 3 became Sega Sammy's best-selling pachinko machine when it launched in 2009. By March 2017, Sega Sammy had sold 3.18 million Hokuto no Ken pachinko, pachislot and arcade machines, including 2.71 million Hokuto no Ken pachinko and pachislot machines, 30,000 Hokuto no Ken arcade game machines, and 440,000 Souten no Ken pachinko and pachislot machines.[63] These pachinko machines can be seen and played in the Yakuza video game series.

Sega Sammy sales of Hokuto no Ken pachinko and pachislot machines
Fiscal period Unit sales Net sales revenue (est.) Ref
Pachinko Pachislot Pachinko Pachislot
January 2002 to March 2002 12,000[64] N/A ¥300 billion[65] [63]
April 2002 to March 2003 Un­known N/A
October 2003[66] to March 2005 N/A 620,000[67]
April 2005 to June 2005 Un­known Un­known
July 2005 to March 2006 178,579 Un­known ¥41.416 billion Un­known [68]
July 2006 to March 2007 23,242 340,760 ¥4.946 billion ¥115.064 billion [69]
July 2007 to March 2008 Un­known 136,594 Un­known ¥40.316 billion [70]
July 2008 to March 2009 262,937 Un­known ¥78.177 billion Un­known [71]
April 2009 to March 2010 Un­known N/A Un­known N/A [63]
July 2010 to March 2011 201,957 N/A[63] ¥67.027 billion N/A [72]
April 2011 to March 2012 40,396 177,469 ¥12.376 billion ¥61.522 billion [73]
October 2012 to March 2013 121,830 N/A[63] ¥40.617 billion N/A [74]
April 2013 to March 2014 69,207 114,667 ¥21.949 billion ¥42.852 billion [75]
July 2014 to March 2015 147,697 N/A[63] ¥44.945 billion N/A [76]
January 2002 to March 2015 2,447,335 ¥871.207 billion ($10.631 billion)
July 2015 to March 2016 34,817 79,997 ¥11.686 billion ¥34.34 billion [77]
January 2002 to March 2016 2,640,000[78]
July 2016 to March 2017 N/A[63] 90,175 N/A ¥36.031 billion [79]
April 2017 to March 2018 94,955 45,220 ¥38.193 billion ¥19.383 billion [80]
April 2018 to March 2019 24,801 Un­known ¥9.294 billion Un­known [81]
July 2019 to March 2020 32,396 59,872 ¥11.585 billion ¥26.262 billion [82]
April 2020 to December 2020 Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known [83]
July 2015 to December 2020 ¥186.774 billion ($1.812 billion) [84]
January 2002 to December 2020 2,987,419 ¥1,057.981 billion ($12.445 billion)
Sega Sammy sales of Souten no Ken pachinko and pachislot machines
Fiscal period Unit sales Net sales revenue (est.) Ref
Pachinko Pachislot Pachinko Pachislot
October 2009 to March 2010 94,994 N/A ¥27.192 billion N/A [85]
March 2010 to March 2011 Un­known 92,781 Un­known ¥29.129 billion [72]
October 2011 to March 2012 62,395 Un­known ¥19.115 billion Un­known [73]
July 2012 to March 2013 20,673 Un­known ¥6.892 billion Un­known [74]
October 2013 to March 2014 27,139 Un­known ¥8.607 billion Un­known [75]
April 2014 to March 2015 Un­known 76,797 Un­known ¥23.401 billion [76]
October 2009 to March 2015 374,779 ¥114.336 billion ($1.341 billion)
July 2016 to March 2017 44,238 Un­known ¥15.447 billion Un­known [79]
November 2017 to March 2018 8,669 Un­known ¥3.487 billion Un­known [80]
January 2019 to March 2019 Un­known 21,047 Un­known ¥7.743 billion [81]
April 2020 to December 2020 Un­known Un­known Un­known Un­known [83]
July 2016 to December 2020 347,419 ¥26.677 billion ($259 million) [86]
October 2009 to December 2020 480,000[87] ¥141.013 billion ($1.6 billion)
Sega Sammy sales of Hokuto Musō pachinko and pachislot machines
Fiscal period Unit sales Net sales revenue (est.) Ref
Pachinko Pachislot Pachinko Pachislot
January 2016 to March 2016 70,245 N/A ¥23.578 billion N/A [77]
October 2016 to March 2017 13,713 Un­known ¥4.788 billion Un­known [79]
January 2016 to March 2018 160,000[88] ¥28.366 billion Un­known
July 2018 to March 2019 63,003 Un­known ¥23.609 billion Un­known [81]
July 2020 to December 2020 43,741 4,295 ¥18.127 billion ¥1.651 billion [83]
January 2016 to December 2020 271,039 ¥71.753 billion ($696 million) [89]

See also[edit]

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hokuto (北斗), which literally means the "Northern Ladle", is the Japanese name of the Big Dipper asterism, which does not correspond to the North Star Polaris (which is part of Ursa Minor/Little Dipper).

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "The Official Website for Fist of the North Star". Viz Media. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  2. ^ Toole, Michael (July 29, 2013). "A Fist Tale - The Mike Toole Show". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Loo, Egan (September 14, 2013). "Fist of the North Star Manga Reprint to Add New Chapter". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
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General bibliography[edit]

  • Hokuto no Ken Special: All About the Man 北斗の拳SPECIAL ALL ABOUT THE MAN. 週刊少年ジャンプ特別編集 (in Japanese). Shueisha. September 5, 1986.
  • Hara, Tetsuo. Tetsu no Don Quixote 鉄のドン·キホーテ [The Iron Don Quixote] (in Japanese). 2 (Jump Super Comics ed.). ISBN 4-420-13109-8.
  • Buronson (1996). Shōsetsu Hokuto no Ken: Jubaku no Machi 小説·北斗の拳―呪縛の街 [Fist of the North Star the Novel: The Cursed City] (in Japanese). ISBN 4-08-703054-7.
  • Team Muscle (April 1, 1999). Sekimatsu Haō Retsuden: Hokuto no Ken Kyūkyoku Kaisetsusho 世紀末覇王列伝 北斗の拳 究極解説書 [Biography of the Post Apocalyptic Conqueror: The Ultimate Handbook to Fist of the North Star]. Home-Sha. ISBN 4-8342-1684-5.
  • Team Muscle (December 1, 1999). Hokuto no Ken 2000: Kyūkyoku Kaisetsusho Part 2 北斗の拳2000 究極解説書 PART2 [Fist of the North Star 2000: The Ultimate Handbook Part 2]. Home-Sha. ISBN 4-8342-1685-3.
  • Shiranui Pro (February 1, 2006). Hokuto no Ken Character File: Ransei Eiyūtan 北斗の拳キャラクターFILE 乱世英雄譚. Futabasha. ISBN 4-5759-4001-1.
  • Shiranui Pro (March 1, 2006). Hokuto no Ken Data File: Ōgi Hidensho 北斗の拳データFILE 奥義秘伝書. Futabasha. ISBN 4-5759-4006-2.

External links[edit]