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Fistulectomy is a surgical procedure where a fistulous tract is excised (cut out) completely. This is compared with fistulotomy, where the fistulous tract is merely laid open to heal.[1]

Fistulae are a feature of many diseases, but commonly fistulectomy refers to an operation for an anal fistula (fistula-in-ano). Fistulectomy removes secondary fistulous tracts compared to fistulotomy, but fistulotomy has shorter healing times and less chance of damage to the sphincters.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Jain, Bhupendra Kumar; Vaibhaw, Kumar; Garg, Pankaj Kumar; Gupta, Sanjay; Mohanty, Debajyoti (1 January 2012). "Comparison of a Fistulectomy and a Fistulotomy with Marsupialization in the Management of a Simple Anal Fistula: A Randomized, Controlled Pilot Trial". Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology. 28 (2): 78. doi:10.3393/jksc.2012.28.2.78. PMC 3349814.
  2. ^ Belmonte Montes C, Ruiz Galindo GH, Montes Villalobos JL, Decanini Terán C (Oct–Dec 1999). "[Fistulotomy vs fistulectomy. Ultrasonographic evaluation of lesion of the anal sphincter function]". Revista de gastroenterologia de Mexico. 64 (4): 167–70. PMID 10851578.