Fittonia albivenis

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Fittonia albivenis
Colpfl25.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Fittonia
Species: F. albivenis
Binomial name
Fittonia albivenis
(Lindl. ex Veitch) Brummitt[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Adelaster albivenis Lindl. ex Veitch
  • Fittonia argyroneura Coem.
  • Fittonia verschaffeltii (Lem.) Van Houtte
  • Fittonia verschaffeltii var. argyroneura (Coem.) Regel
  • Gymnostachyum verschaffeltii Lem.

Fittonia albivenis is a species of flowering plant in the family Acanthaceae, native to the rainforests of Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and northern Brazil. It is notable for its dark green foliage with strongly contrasting white or red veins. It is commonly called nerve plant or mosaic plant. In temperate regions where the temperature falls below 10 °C (50 °F) it must be grown as a houseplant.[2]

Growth[edit]

Inflorescence

Fittonia albivenis is a creeping evergreen perennial growing to 15 cm (6 in) high, with lush green leaves with accented veins of white to deep pink and a short fuzz covering its stems. Small buds may appear after time where the stem splits into leaves. Flowers are small with a white to off-white color.

Cultivation[edit]

The species is used as an ornamental plant.[1] It is best kept in a moist area with mild sunlight and temperatures above 55 °F (13 °C). so in temperate locations it must be kept under glass as a houseplant. It must be watered regularly. Without water for a few days, it is known to "faint" but is easily revived with a quick watering and resumes its healthiness. Fittonia albivenis is known to be hard to grow, so it is best bought at a nursery then cared for. Its spreading habit makes it ideal as groundcover.

Numerous cultivars have been selected, of which the Argyroneura Group[3] and the Verschaffeltii Group[4] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]

Uses[edit]

The Kofan and Siona-Secoya tribes of the Ecuadorian Amazon use F. albivenis as a treatment for headaches,[6] and its leaves were used by the Machiguenga as a hallucinogen before they were introduced to Psychotria viridis.[7] They are said to "produce visions of eyeballs."[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Fittonia albivenis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Fittonia albivenis Argyroneura Group". Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Fittonia albivensis Verschaffeltii Group". Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  5. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 39. Retrieved 27 February 2018. 
  6. ^ a b "Plants". manu.montana.com. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  7. ^ Russo, Ethan B. "Headace treatments by native peoples of the Ecuadorian Amazon". Universidad del Museo Social Argentino. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 

External links[edit]