Fitzwilliam Square

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Fitzwilliam Square
Fitzwilliam Square West - geograph.org.uk - 1410337.jpg
Fitzwilliam Square West
Fitzwilliam Square is located in Central Dublin
Fitzwilliam Square
Native name Cearnóg Mhic Liam  (Irish)
Namesake Richard FitzWilliam, 7th Viscount FitzWilliam
Area 1.5 hectares (3.7 acres)
Location Dublin, Ireland
Postal code D02
Coordinates 53°20′07″N 6°15′07″W / 53.3354°N 6.2520°W / 53.3354; -6.2520Coordinates: 53°20′07″N 6°15′07″W / 53.3354°N 6.2520°W / 53.3354; -6.2520

Fitzwilliam Square (Irish: Cearnóg Mhic Liam) is a Georgian garden square in the south of central Dublin, Ireland. It was the last of the five Georgian squares in Dublin to be built, and is the smallest.[1]

The middle of the square is composed of a private park, which for more than 200 years has been accessible only to keyholders, mostly the residents and owners of the 69 houses on the square, some of whom pay almost €1,000 a year for the privilege.[2]

History[edit]

The square was developed by Richard FitzWilliam, 7th Viscount FitzWilliam, hence the name. It was designed from 1789 and laid out in 1792. The center of the square was enclosed in 1813 through an Act of the Parliament of Ireland. To the north is the much larger Merrion Square, with which Richard FitzWilliam was also involved. The square was a popular place for the Irish Social Season of aristocrats entertaining in Dublin between January and Saint Patrick's Day each year.[3]

Shootings took place in the square during Bloody Sunday of 1920. Sir Thomas O'Shaughnessy (1850–1933), the last Recorder of Dublin, lived in Fitzwilliam Square and died there on 7 March 1933.[4]

In 1975, Bord na Móna were granted permission to demolish 5 early 19th century houses on the edge of the Square with plans to construct a modern office block in the site. The plans were later dropped.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fitzwilliam Square | Dublin, Ireland Attractions". Lonely Planet.
  2. ^ Kelly, Olivia (11 April 2021). "Fitzwilliam Square may become public park under council plans". Irish Times. Retrieved 21 December 2021.
  3. ^ Hughes, Andrew (14 March 2011). "Lives Less Ordinary: Dublin's Fitzwilliam Square, 1798-1922". Liffey Press – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Home - No. 25 Fitzwilliam Place". No. 25 Fitzwilliam Place.
  5. ^ McDonald, Frank (1985). The destruction of Dublin. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. p. 209. ISBN 0-7171-1386-8. OCLC 60079186.

External links[edit]