|Comune di Fiuggi|
|• Mayor||Alioska Baccarini|
|• Total||33 km2 (13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||747 m (2,451 ft)|
|Population (31 August 2017)|
|• Density||320/km2 (830/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Blaise|
|Saint day||February 3|
Fiuggi (Ciociaro: Fiuio) is a comune (municipality) in the province of Frosinone in the region of Lazio in central Italy. The town of Fiuggi became famous for its Acqua di Fiuggi (Fiuggi Water) which flows from its natural springs and mountains. The water has been used in Italy since as early as the 14th century and is famous for its natural healing properties.
Fiuggi, originally called Anticoli di Campagna, gained fame as early as the 14th century, when Pope Boniface VIII claimed his kidney stones had been healed by the mineral waters from the nearby Fiuggi spring. Two centuries later Michelangelo also extolled the virtues of the water that cured him of what he called "the only kind of stone I couldn't love." Soon Acqua di Fiuggi was being sent in bottles to all of Europe's royalty. Not until the turn of the 20th century did it become fashionable to make pilgrimages to spa towns, and it was around this time that the King of Italy renamed Anticoli in honor of its most celebrated attraction - The Fiuggi Water.
From the 16th to the 19th centuries, Fiuggi and many nearby hill towns were part of the Papal States. Unlike its neighbors, Anticoli di Campagna provided a source of revenue through the sales of its miraculous waters, and so it was often "bestowed" upon noble families in payment for services rendered. Sometimes these aristocrats didn't bother to visit the town, but they always sent a delegate to make sure none, or few, of the profits stayed in town. These upper-class outsiders slowly covered the original medieval walls with painted plaster similar to that found in present-day Rome, changing the appearance of the town. Today a very active group of local residents is slowly restoring the stone façades in an effort to restore the city to its medieval form.
Acqua di Fiuggi
The Acqua di Fiuggi ("Fiuggi's Water") source runs through ancient volcanic deposits in the Ernici mountains which has an ecosystem that has historically been unaltered by humans. In Europe it is classified as an Oligomineral water, and has been proven to contain certain components of the "humic substance" group which, it is claimed, gives the water its health benefits. Fiuggi has been proven to be effective in breaking down and flushing out kidney stones from the body and helping to improve kidney function.
Fiuggi water is accredited by the Italian National Health Institute for kidney stimulation and helping to break down and dissolve kidney stones. Various medical studies have been performed and published in Italian scientific journals citing evidence that Fiuggi is beneficial for dissolving kidney stones and improving kidney function.
Fiuggi is a divided into two parts, the upper and lower. The area where the springs are located is called new Fiuggi, or Fiuggi Fonte at the base of the hill (it was developed during the Middle Ages so it is not all that new). The upper part, or old Fiuggi, is 760 metres (2,500 ft) above sea level. The natives call it "Fiuggi Citta". Fiuggi Città is a medieval fortified village, which was around even before Roman times
Main attractions include:
- Fonte Bonifacio
- Fonte Anticolana
- Terme di Fiuggi - Spa and Golf center
- The tiny church of Santa Maria del Colle
- The church of San Biagio, which even if it was rebuilt in the 17th century, it still preserves some fresco paintings of Giotto's scholars.
- The cast iron fountain in Piazza Piave, erected in 1907 to celebrate the arrival of running water in this town that owes its very existence to the abundant springs running below the hill.
- The ornate Palazzo Falconi, at the center of the ancient town. To this building it is linked the legend that also Napoleon Bonaparte has slept here.
- The former Grand Hotel, now the municipal theatre.
- The church of "San Pietro" built on the ruins of the ancient castle. The actual bell tower was one of the tower of the former castle.
Fiuggi is home to several spas that incorporate the Fiuggi water as part of their hydrotherapy treatment.
The town is linked with the legend of the stuzze, in which St. Blaise, in order to save the town from the assault of enemy troop, had fake flames appear on the town, disguising the invaders and convincing them that the town had been already sacked. The miracle is today celebrated every 2 February when wooden pyramids are burned in the principal square of the town to remember the event.
- Helmstedt, Germany
- Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
- Tarrafal de São Nicolau, Cape Verde
- Canistro, Italy
- Population data from Istat
- Wedeman, Ben (Oct 25, 2013). "Finding the "miracle" fountain of Italy". CNN.
- De Angelis, Curtis; D'Ascenzo, G (1999). "Solvent effect in vitro of Anticolana Valley water on renal stones: analytical-instrumental study". Department of Chemistry, University of Rome La Sapienza, Rome, Italy: 98–102.
- Fraioli, A; Riciutti, G (Nov–Dec 2001). "Effect of water of Anticolana Valley on urinary sediment of renal stone formers". La Clinica Terapeutica. 152 (6): 347–351. PMID 11865529.
- "Terme di Fiuggi". Terme Di Fiuggi Spa & Golf.
- Fiuggi Terme. http://www.termedifiuggi.com. Missing or empty
- Triposo http://www.triposo.com/loc/Fiuggi/Main_sights. Missing or empty
- Gemellaggio tra Canistro e Fiuggi