|Native to||Croatia, Italy|
|between 10,000 and 40,000 (date missing)|
The Fiuman dialect (Italian: fiumano, Fiuman: fiuman) is the dialect of the Venetian language spoken in the Croatian city of Rijeka (Fiume). It is strongly influenced by Serbo-Croatian Chakavian, Hungarian, German substrates, mainly due to the closeness between two different cultures (the Romanic and the Slavic one) and the Austro-Hungarian rule.
Thus, because Rijeka was under the Habsburg Monarchy for over five centuries (1466–1918) and part of the Holy Roman Empire for nine centuries, many of the words are of German and Hungarian origin. Due to extensive emigration to the growing port city during the late 18th and 19th centuries, many words also came from other languages, such as Slovenian.
- Books on the subject published by the Croatian Ministry of Science and Technology
- The Society of Fiuman Studies official homepage
|This Indo-European languages-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Croatia-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|