In 1948, the Communists have fully taken over the power in Romania and started to nationalize property and means of production. They began forced economic development and industrialization by adopting the Soviet concept of five-year plans that set a number of goals to fulfill by the end of the terms. The first five-year plan started out in 1951.
The Nicolae Ceauşescu's regime gave a new impulse to the industrialization, and the accent was on developing the heavy industry. The goals of this five-year plan were allegedly attained in only four and a half years; this was later used in many propaganda writings and songs.