Five Forks Battlefield

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Five Forks Battlefield
Five forks.jpg
Five Forks Battlefield is located in Virginia
Five Forks Battlefield
Five Forks Battlefield is located in the US
Five Forks Battlefield
Location Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, USA
Nearest city Petersburg, Virginia
Coordinates 37°8′29″N 77°36′48″W / 37.14139°N 77.61333°W / 37.14139; -77.61333Coordinates: 37°8′29″N 77°36′48″W / 37.14139°N 77.61333°W / 37.14139; -77.61333
Area 1,215 acres (4.92 km2)[1]
NRHP Reference # 66000830
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[2]
Designated NHL December 19, 1960[3]

Five Forks Battlefield is a battlefield of the American Civil War, located in an around the hamlet of Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, Virginia. It is the location of the Battle of Five Forks (April 1, 1865), in which Union Army forces broke through Confederate Army lines, opening the way to gain control of the last rail line to besieged Petersburg. The Confederate loss caused them to abandon that city, which undermined the defense of Richmond, the Confederate capital. Final surrender of the Confederate forces would occur at Appomattox Courthouse two weeks later.

Part of the battlefield site is a unit of Petersburg National Battlefield, with public access that includes access trails to points of interest in the area. An area of more than 1,200 acres (490 ha) around Five Forks was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960.[1][3]

Battle[edit]

General Robert E. Lee had ordered George Pickett's infantry and several division of cavalry to hold Five Forks at all costs. In the battle on April 1, 1865, Union troops under Gouverneur K. Warren broke through Pickett's lines, while Philip H. Sheridan personally led the cavalry charge, all of which overwhelmed the Confederate forces.[4]

The battlefield area covers nearly all the area of fighting, and it includes a home named "Burnt Quarter".[1] It includes the location of a shad bake (a fish feast), where General Pickett, unaware of the battle going on, was entertained. It is reported that unusual cloud conditions prevented the sound of artillery from carrying as far as it usually would.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Stephen Lissandrello (February 20, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Five Forks Battlefield" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying four photos of "Burnt Quarter", exterior and interior, from 1960. (32 KB)
  2. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b "Five Forks Battlefield". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  4. ^ "CWSAC Battle Summaries: Five Forks". The American Battlefield Protection Program. National Park Service. Retrieved 2 February 2014.