Five Red Categories
The "Five Red Categories" (simplified Chinese: 红五类; traditional Chinese: 紅五類; pinyin: hóng wǔ lèi) during China's Cultural Revolution (1966–76) were the social classes favoured by the Communist Party of China. In the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, Red Guards were only allowed to come from the "Five Red Categories". These included:
- Poor and lower-middle peasants (Chinese: 贫下中农)
- Workers (Chinese: 工人)
- Revolutionary soldiers (Chinese: 革命军人) within the People's Liberation Army
- Revolutionary cadres (Chinese: 革命干部)[clarification needed]
- Revolutionary martyrs (Chinese: 革命烈士), meaning immediate family members, children, grandchildren (if any) and relatives of deceased CPC members
- Sullivan, Lawrence R. (2012). Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Communist Party. The Scarecrow Press. p. 104.