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Hotel rating

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"Five-star Superior" rating at the Hotel Vier Jahreszeiten Kempinski in Munich, Germany

Hotel ratings are often used to classify hotels according to their quality. From the initial purpose of informing travellers on basic facilities that can be expected, the objectives of hotel rating have expanded into a focus on the hotel experience as a whole.[1] Today the terms 'grading', 'rating', and 'classification' are used to generally refer to the same concept, that is, to categorize hotels.

There is a wide variety of rating schemes used by different organizations around the world. Many have a system involving stars, with a greater number of stars indicating greater luxury. Forbes Travel Guide, formerly Mobil Travel Guide, launched its star rating system in 1958. The AAA and their affiliated bodies use diamonds instead of stars to express hotel and restaurant rating levels.

Food services, entertainment, view, room variations such as size and additional amenities, spas and fitness centers, ease of access and location may be considered in establishing a standard. Hotels are independently assessed in traditional systemsand rest heavily on the facilities provided[clarification needed]. Some consider this assessment method disadvantageous to smaller hotels, whose quality of accommodation could fall into one class but whose lack of an item such as an elevator would prevent it from reaching a higher categorization.[2]

Standards of hotel classification[edit]

The more common classification systems include "monkey" rating, letter grading, from "A" to "F", such as hotels and motels. Systems using terms such as Deluxe/Luxury, First Class/Superior, Tourist Class/Standard, and Budget Class/Economy are more widely accepted as hotel types, rather than hotel standards.[by whom?]

Some countries have rating by a single public standard; Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Hungary all have laws defining the hotel rating. In Germany, Austria and Switzerland, the rating is defined by the respective hotel industry association using a five-star system.

The classifications are:

Tourist (★) | Standard (★★) | Comfort (★★★) | First Class (★★★★) | Luxury (★★★★★)

The "Superior" mark is to flag extras beyond the minimum defined in the standard, but not enough to move the hotel up to the next tier ranking.

The Swiss hotel rating was the first non-government formal hotel classification beginning in 1979.[3] It influenced the hotel classification in Austria and Germany.[3] The formal hotel classification of the DEHOGA (German Hotel and Restaurant Association) started on 1 August 1996 and proved successful with 80% of guests citing the hotel stars as the main criteria in hotel selection.[4] This implementation influenced the creation of a common European Hotelstars rating system that started in 2010 (see below).

In France, the rating is defined by the public tourist board (Atout France) using a four-star system (plus "L" for Luxus), which has changed to a five-star system from 2009 on.[5] In South Africa, the Tourist Grading Council of South Africa has strict rules for a hotel types granting up to 5 stars. In India, the classification of hotels is based on two categories such as "Star" and "Heritage". Hotels in India are classified by Hotel and Restaurant Association Classification Committee (HRACC), Ministry of Tourism, India.[6] In New Zealand, hotels and other tourism services are graded by Qualmark, which is owned by Tourism New Zealand, a government organisation.[7]

Historically, luxury hotels have used the membership in The Leading Hotels of the World to document regular inspection on an additional level.[citation needed] This organization was formed in 1928 and reorganized in 1971, introducing a worldwide inspection service.

Hotel classifications by country[edit]


In Australia, the industry accommodation rating scheme and Star Rating trademarks, known as Star Ratings Australia, are owned by the Australian Tourism Industry Council. A Star Rating represents the quality and condition of guest facilities which is determined by 200 criteria.[8] Star Ratings are awarded to hotels, motels, serviced apartments, self-catering, hosted accommodation and caravan-holiday parks. The scheme uses physical visits, reviews and mystery guest stays to make their accreditation on the accommodation's ratings.

Australia's star ratings have been operating since the 1950s as both an accreditation as well as a booking service. It was first owned by the state based automobile clubs including NRMA, RACV, RACQ, RAC, RAA and RACT. It was then organized by the Australian Automobile Association Tourism (AAA Tourism) as a peak body. However, the booking service in the motoring clubs was not continued and later the annual accommodation guide book ceased to be printed with the accommodation guide going online. AAA Tourism closed in 2013, but Star Ratings Australia continued as an inspection and star rating service only, as well as an accommodation website.[9]

In 2015 Star Ratings Australia became one of the first independent accommodation classification systems in the world to incorporate a consumer 'voice'. Their website also shows a Travellers' Rating which is presented in parallel to the independent Star Rating and is an aggregate of past guest ratings and reviews from more than 100 websites in 45 different languages. The rating is shown as a 10 point score. Weighting applies to the popularity of the source site and the date of the last guest review. The William Angliss Institute in Melbourne developed an independent benchmarking framework to show if a property has met or exceeded guest expectations.

On 28 February 2017, Michael Reed, CEO of Australian Motoring Services, advised clients of the closure of Star Ratings Australia brand and asked to remove star rating and automobile club logos from their accommodation and promotional information by June 2017. It was said that competition from online travel agencies such as TripAdvisor and their customer rating system led to its demise.[10][11]

The brand was then transferred to the Australian Tourism Industry Council. In early 2019, Star Ratings were rebranded under the council's "Quality Tourism" Accreditation Program.[12]

Star Ratings in Australia stand for independently reviewed quality standards and are defined as such:

Star rating Overview of criteria according to Star Ratings Australia
Properties that typify luxury across all areas of operation. Guests will enjoy an extensive range of facilities and comprehensive or highly personalised services. Properties at this level will display excellent design quality and attention to detail.
Properties which achieve a deluxe guest experience. A wide range of facilities and superior design qualities are typically complemented by service standards that reflect the varied and discerning needs of the guest.
Properties that deliver a broad range of amenities that exceed above-average accommodation needs. Good quality service, design and physical attributes are typically fit for purpose to match guest expectations.
Properties that focus on the needs of price conscious travellers. Services and guest facilities are typically limited to keep room rates affordable and competitive but may be available upon request or fee-based.
Properties that offer budget facilities without compromising cleanliness or guest security. Guests may access fee-based services or facilities upon request.
Half-star ratings (not used alone) indicate modest improvements in the quality and condition of guest facilities.

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom hotels are rated from one star to five stars. The RAC pulled out of accommodation grading in 2008 so the only grading schemes in operation are those operated by the AA (Automobile Association) and the national tourist boards: Visit England, Visit Wales, the Scottish Tourist Board and the Northern Ireland Tourist Board. The schemes were all 'harmonised' to ensure consistency between the schemes. This applies to all accommodation types apart from self-catering that the AA started offering in 2009. The AA criteria are available on its website.[13] In addition to the usual black stars (ranging from one (the lowest) to five (the highest), the AA awards red stars to the highest-rated, which are deemed 'Inspectors' Choice'. Each of the national tourist boards have grading explanations on their web sites.


In the Philippines, the Department of Tourism has an accreditation system for hotels, apartment hotels and resorts. The current system which uses a "star system" which rates establishments from 1 to 5 stars was adopted in 2012.[14] The rating of the aforementioned facilities are determined through a points system. Hotels, apartment hotels, and resorts are graded according to their service, facility quality and condition, and business practices. The Department of Tourism classifies the criteria used into seven dimensions or "business area" namely: Arrival & Departure, Public Areas, Bedrooms, Food & Beverage, Lounge Area, Kitchen Area, Amenities, and Business Practices, all common to the three categories except Kitchen and Lounge Area which is only applicable to apartment hotels. 1,000 points is the maximum number of points an establishment can attain.[15]

Department of Tourism (DOT) star grading system
For hotels, resorts and apartment hotels[16]
Rating Corresponding points Summary
Unranked 0–250
251–400 Has limited facilities and services. Appeals to "budget minded" tourists.
401–550 Appeals to tourists looking for more than basic accommodation. Has expanded facilities and "higher level" of comfort.
551–700 Accommodation is deemed "very good". More spacious public areas and higher quality facilities and a greater variety of services.
701–850 "Up-scale in all areas" and accommodation is "refined and stylish". Service is deemed responsive, and has an extensive array of facilities.
851–1000 Reflects characteristics of "luxury and sophistication". Facilities are deemed "world class in every manner" and services are deemed meticulous and "exceeding all guests' expectations".

European Hotelstars Union[edit]

The HOTREC (Hotels, Restaurants & Cafés in Europe) is an umbrella organization for 39 associations from 24 European countries. At a conference in Bergen in 2004, the partners drafted a hotel classification system in order to harmonize their national standards. In 2007 HOTREC launched the European Hospitality Quality scheme (EHQ) which has since accredited the existing national inspection bodies for hotel rating.

Under the patronage of HOTREC, the hotel associations of Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Sweden and Switzerland created the Hotelstars Union.[17] On 14 September 2009, the Hotelstars Union classification system was established at a conference in Prague. This system became effective in these countries in January 2010, with the exception of Hungary, Switzerland and the Netherlands, who have chosen later dates for the change. Later more countries have joined the HOTREC hotelstars system: Estonia (2011), Latvia (2011), Lithuania (2011), Luxembourg (2011), Malta (2012), Belgium (2013), Denmark (2013), Greece (2013), Liechtenstein (2015), Slovenia (2017), Azerbaijan (2020) and Georgia (2021).[18]

The European Hotelstars Union system is based on the earlier German hotelstars system that had widely influenced the hotel classifications in central Europe, with five stars and a Superior mark to flag extras. Instead of a strict minimum in room size and required shower facilities (e.g. a bath tub in a four-star hotel) there is a catalogue of criteria with 7 qualification areas encompassing 247 elements, where some are mandatory for a star and others optional. The main criteria are in quality management, wellness and sleeping accommodation. In the catalogue of criteria each entry is associated with a number of points – each Hotelstars level requires a minimal sum of points besides some criteria being obligatory for the level. The minimum requirement for the Superior flag requires the same sum of points as for the next Hotelstars level which however was not awarded due to at least one obligatory requirement being left out.[19]

For hotels with three to five stars, the Hotelstars Union will use "mystery guests" to check the service quality regularly.

Hotelstar Mandatory criteria [20]
  • Reception service
  • Cashless payment
  • Extended breakfast
  • Beverage offer in the hotel
  • Deposit possibility
  • 100% of the rooms with shower/WC or bath tub/WC
  • Daily room cleaning
  • 100% of the rooms with colour-TV together with remote control
  • WiFi Internet access both in the rooms and in the public areas
  • Table and chair
  • Soap or body wash
  • Bath towels
  • Offer of sanitary products (e.g. toothbrush, toothpaste, shaving kit)
Superior Tourist The Superior flag is provided when the additional service and accommodation provisions are not sufficient for the next Hotelstar. The bathroom facilities are usually at the same level as for two stars hotels but built from cheaper materials. The cost for regular inspection by independent associations is waived as well.
Standard In addition to the single star (★) hotels:
  • Bilingual staff (e.g. German/English)
  • Breakfast buffet
  • Reading light next to the bed
  • Bath essence or shower gel
  • Bath and hand towels
  • Linen shelves
  • Offer of sewing kit and shoe polish utensils
Superior Standard The Superior flag is provided when the additional service and accommodation provisions are not sufficient for the next Hotelstar. The Standard-Superior does usually offer the same service level as three-star hotels but the interiors of the hotel are smaller and cheaper so that the three stars were not to be awarded by the inspection body. A two-star superior does not require mystery guesting.
Comfort In addition to the standard star (★★) hotels:
  • Reception opened 10 hours, accessible by phone or digital communication 24 hours from inside and outside
  • Three piece lounge suite at the reception, luggage service
  • Beverage offer in the room
  • Telephone on demand
  • Audio or multimedia entertainment system
  • Heating facility in the bathroom, hair-dryer, cleansing tissue
  • Dressing mirror, place to put the luggage/suitcase
  • Sewing kit, shoe polish utensils, laundry and ironing service
  • Additional pillow and additional blanket on demand
  • Systematic complaint management system
  • Bilingual website owned by hotel
Superior Comfort The Superior flag is provided when the additional service and accommodation provisions are not sufficient for the next Hotelstar. The accommodation facilities for a superior hotel need to be on a modern level and fully renovated which is checked regularly.
First Class In addition to the comfort star (★★★) hotels:
  • Reception opened 16 hours, accessible by phone 24 hours from inside and outside
  • Lobby with seats and beverage service
  • Breakfast buffet or breakfast menu card via room service
  • Minibar, maxibar or 16 hours beverages via room service
  • Upholstered chair/couch with side table
  • Bath robe and slippers on demand
  • Cosmetic products (e.g. shower cap, nail file, cotton swabs), vanity mirror, tray of a large scale in the bathroom
  • TV has international channels available
First Class Superior The Superior flag is provided when the first class hotel has a proven high quality not only in the rooms. The superior hotels provide for additional facilities in the hotel like a sauna or a workout room. The quality is checked regularly by mystery guesting of an external inspection service.
Luxury In addition to the first class (★★★★) hotels:
  • Reception opened 24 hours, multilingual staff
  • Doorman-service or valet parking
  • Concierge, page boy
  • Shuttle service, also called Limousine service.
  • Luggage service
  • Personalized greeting for each guest with fresh flowers or a present in the room
  • Minibar and food and beverage offer via room service during 24 hours
  • Internet device in the room on request
  • Safe in the room
  • Ironing service (return within 1 hour), shoe polish service
  • Turndown service in the evening
Superior Luxury The Luxury star hotels need to attain high expectations of an international guest service. The Superior Luxury star is only awarded with a system of intensive guest care.

World hotel rating[edit]

There is so far no international classification which has been adopted. There have been attempts at unifying the classification system so that it becomes an internationally recognized and a reliable standard, but they have all failed.

It has been considered that, as it has been the case in other areas (e.g. international accounting standards), hotel classification standards should result from a private and independent initiative. This may be the case of the World Hotel Rating (WHR) project, which notably aims to set international classification standards and rating criteria along the lines of a world star-rating system. It will also establish an information platform on the hotel industry that will be multilingual and multicultural. WHR intends to play a key role in the development of quality hotel services, as well as equitable and sustainable tourism, and the protection of the world's cultural and natural heritage. In addition, WHR will develop labels to promote hotels distinguished by specific features, such as a family and child-friendly disposition. A test period was scheduled for 2010.

Seven stars[edit]

Some hotels have been advertised as seven-star hotels. The Burj Al Arab hotel in Dubai, opened in 1998 with a butler for every room, was the first hotel widely described as a "seven-star" property. The hotel says the label originates from an unnamed British journalist on a press visit and that they neither encourage the term's use nor do they use it in their advertising. Similarly the Emirates Palace Hotel in Abu Dhabi (open since 2005) is sometimes described as seven star, but the hotel uses only a five star rating.

The Galleria in Milan, Italy was opened in 2007 and claims to have a seven star certificate from SGS Italy2008.[21] However the SGS Italy (not the official tourism agency) only has five stars in the general hotel stars categorization, with the full title of the certificate being left unknown, just as the renewal process is unknown. Overall, as no traditional organization or formal body awards or recognizes any rating over five-star deluxe;[22] such claims are predominantly used for advertising purposes.

Alternative hotel ratings[edit]

In recent years, alternative hotel ratings are starting to appear in an effort to promote sustainability or cultural diversity in international tourism.[23]

Green Key International[edit]

Green Key International is a voluntary eco-classification awarded to around 2,900 hotels and other establishments in 57 countries by the Foundation for Environmental Education.[24]

Green Key Global[edit]

Green Key Global is a voluntary eco-classification awarded to around 1,850 hotels and venues in 15 countries.[25] In 2009, Fairmont Hotels & Resorts joined the Green Key Global program.[26]

Green Globe[edit]

Green Globe is a certification for sustainable tourism. Membership is reserved for companies and organizations who are committed to making positive contributions to the planet.[27] The Green Building Initiative (GBI) acquired the U.S. rights to the Canadian Green Globes building assessment and certification for the program in 2004 and adapted it for the U.S. market.

Findings from European Commission research that looked into the importance of the online hotel reviews vs. star classification

Salam Standard[edit]

Salam Standard is a classification system for Muslim-friendly hotels.[28] Hotels can get certified based on certain Muslim-friendly criteria such as offering prayer mats, removing alcohol from the room and offering halal restaurant recommendations; it is divided into 4 tiers (bronze, silver, gold and platinum).[29] Archipelago Hotels, Indonesia's biggest hospitality firm, is a prominent member of the Salam Standard system.[30]

Guest reviews[edit]

The advancement of technology and internet connectivity has caused shifts in the way hotel guests book their accommodations. In the past, official hotel ratings were the primary factor in booking a hotel, but now, modern consumers also rely on the opinions of previous guests as expressed in online reviews. These reviews, based on personal experiences, have become increasingly important for other travellers when considering where to stay.[31] "In today’s world, consumers rely heavily on online information when making purchasing decisions, be it for a new smartphone or the next holiday resort. When shopping for an online accommodation product, more than half of European consumers said that they are influenced by online customer reviews and online ratings, while just one-fifth of consumers see themselves as insusceptible to such reviews and ratings. Two in five European consumers also regard star ratings as an influencing factor when booking hotel rooms, whereas for about one in three consumers, star ratings don’t play a role."[32]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hensens, Struwig & Dayan. "Guest-review criteria on TripAdvisor compared to conventional hotel-rating systems to assess hotel quality" (PDF). Eurochrie 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  2. ^ Vine, P.A.L. (March 1981). "Hotel classification — art or science?". International Journal of Tourism Management. 2 (1): 18–29. doi:10.1016/0143-2516(81)90014-1.
  3. ^ a b ""History & development", hotelsterne.ch, accessed November 14, 2010, "In 1979, hotelleriesuisse (Swiss Hotel Association) introduced the hotel classification. This was the first and only worldwide private enterprise system of its kind. The system is internationally considered as exemplary, and has been repeatedly utilised as the basis for the development of a customised classification system (e.g. Germany, Austria)."". Hotelsterne.ch. 1 June 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  4. ^ "Eine Erfolgsgeschichte: Zehn Jahre Deutsche Hotelklassifizierung". hotelsterne.de. 27 July 2006. press release. Retrieved 12 June 2012. Am 1. August 2006 feiert die Deutsche Hotelklassifizierung ihr zehnjähriges Bestehen.""80 Prozent der Gäste geben an, dass die Sterne Hauptkriterium bei der Hotelauswahl sind, denn sie bieten Transparenz und Sicherheit
  5. ^ "Hotel Rating System in France: Categories and Map - FrenchKPI". frenchkpi.com. 12 September 2014. Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Hotels and Restaurants". Government of India, Ministry of Tourism. 29 May 2014. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Qualmark now 100% Tourism New Zealand owned". Tourism New Zealand. 8 September 2015. Archived from the original on 15 September 2015. Retrieved 12 September 2015.
  8. ^ "The truth about five-star hotel ratings". News.Com.Au. News Corp Ltd. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  9. ^ Wilkinson, James (27 November 2013). "AAA Tourism to close, Star Ratings stays". Hotel Management. The Intermedia Group. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  10. ^ says, Bradley Woods (28 February 2017). "Star Ratings Australia to cease operations, ATIC to take over". Spice News. Intermedia Group. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  11. ^ "Star Ratings Australia closure: One month on". AccomNews. Multimedia Pty Limited. 23 July 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Tourism Accreditation Program to rebrand in 2019 - Australasian Leisure Management". Australasian Leisure Management. Punch Buggy. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  13. ^ "AA Star and Pennant ratings". 3 March 2022. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  14. ^ "New Accreditation Standards for Hotels, Resorts, and Apartment Hotels". Philippine Tourism. Department of Tourism (Philippines). Archived from the original on 20 March 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  15. ^ National Accommodation Standards – Hotel (PDF). Department of Tourism (Philippines). May 2012. pp. v-45. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  16. ^ National Accommodation Standards – Hotel (PDF). Department of Tourism (Philippines). May 2012. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
  17. ^ "HOTELSTARS UNION – About us (English)". Hotelstars.eu. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  18. ^ "The System of the Hotelstars Union". Hotelstars Union. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  19. ^ "Hotelstars Union – Classification criteria 2020-2025" (PDF). Hotelstars Union. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  20. ^ "Criteria Hotelstars Union: Excerpt of the catalogue of criteria". Hotelstars Union. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  21. ^ "Luxury five star Rooms in Milan – TownHouse Galleria". TownHouse Hotels. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  22. ^ "AFP: China plans $1.3bn 'seven-star hotel'". 7 January 2011. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
  23. ^ "Managing cultural diversity in international tourism" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  24. ^ "Intro". Green Key. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Intro". Green Key. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  26. ^ "Fairmont Hotels & Resorts Joins Green Key Eco-Rating Program in United States". www.fairmont.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Green Globe – Green Globe Certification – Certified Sustainability". greenglobe.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  28. ^ Heba Hashem. "Salam Standard launches premium rating for Muslim-friendly hotels, develops API for mainstream plugin". Salaamgateway.com. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  29. ^ "The new hotel standard you should know about – Hotel News ME". hotelnewsme.com. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  30. ^ "Company teams up with Salam Standard for certification". islamictravel.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  31. ^ Baltescu, Codruta Adina. "Are Online Guest Reviews Useful? Implications For The Hotel Management". researchgate.
  32. ^ "Infographic: Online hotel reviews are more important to consumers than star classification". Statista Infographics. 20 December 2022. Retrieved 6 January 2023.

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