Fixed service

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Directional (beam) aerials, of fixed radio relay stations.

In telecommunications, a fixed service (or fixed radiocommunication service) is a radiocommunication service between specified fixed points.[1]

Classification[edit]

The ITU Radio Regulations (article 1) classify variations of this radiocommunication service as follows:
Fixed service

Examples[edit]

Aerials of the ACE High troposcatter relay station, Lefkada
HF aerial on roof of the Chinese embassy in Berlin

In line with national regulations there are numerous radio applications in accordance with ITU RR article 1.20 on fixed services. These include:

Frequency allocation[edit]

The allocation of radio frequencies is provided according to Article 5 of the ITU Radio Regulations (edition 2012).[2]

In order to improve harmonisation in spectrum utilisation, the majority of service-allocations stipulated in this document were incorporated in national Tables of Frequency Allocations and Utilisations which is with-in the responsibility of the appropriate national administration. The allocation might be primary, secondary, exclusive, and shared.

  • primary allocation: is indicated by writing in capital letters (see example below)
  • secondary allocation: is indicated by small letters
  • exclusive or shared utilization: is within the responsibility of administrations

However, military usage, in bands where there is civil usage, will be in accordance with the ITU Radio Regulations. In NATO countries military fixed utilizations will be in accordance with NATO Joint Civil/Military Frequency Agreement (NJFA).

An example of frequency allocation in the 8.3–110 kHz range would be:

Allocation to services
     Region 1           Region 2           Region 3     
14-19.95        FIXED
MARITIME MOBILE

References[edit]

  1. ^ ITU Radio Regulations, Section IV. Radio Stations and Systems – Article 1.20, definition: fixed service / fixed radiocommunication service
  2. ^ ITU Radio Regulations, CHAPTER II – Frequencies, ARTICLE 5 Frequency allocations, Section IV – Table of Frequency Allocations
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • Earth exploration-satellite service. ITU, Genf 2011. ISBN 92-61-13761-X