Fizkultura i sport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Fizkultura i sport (publisher))
Jump to: navigation, search
Fizkultura i sport logo.png

Fizkultura i sport (Russian: Физкультура и спорт, lit. trans.: Physical Culture and Sports) is a Russian publisher of sports books and magazines. It was established in 1923 in the USSR. Its logo depicts the famous sculpture Discobolus by Myron.

Description[edit]

"Fizkultura i sport" was the main (though, not exclusive) sports publisher of the USSR. The publisher was a structural part of the State Committee for Publishing Houses, Printing Plants, and the Book Trade by the Council of Ministers of the USSR. It was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor in 1973. In 1975, 113 books were published with the total circulation of 6.2 million. By 1991 amount of books, published per year, reached 150. After the breakup of the USSR, the amount of publications by the publisher greatly declined. But although today it publishes some 20 books a year, 5 to 10 thousand copies each, there were some signs of the revival in the latest years.[1] Since 1995 the publisher is not under control of the government, it's the joint-stock company.

Books[edit]

"Fizkultura i sport" published books and booklets, popularizing sports, textbooks, methodical yearbooks on many sports disciplines, popular and methodic literature (manuals for physical training on one's own, manuals on the preparation to pass GTO tests), books on tourism, fishing, hunting, chess. Since 1972 "Fizkultura i sport" published the yearbook "Panorama of the Sports Year" (Russian: Панорама спортивного года), that apart from articles on famous athletes and sports life of the country, contained results from all major international competitions (such as Olympic Games, World Championships, European Championships) and national competitions (Spartakiads, USSR Championships, etc.), held that year, for all sports, cultivated in the USSR. A lot of books were published on the 1980 Summer Olympics, Friendship Games, Goodwill Games and other major international events.

Literary publications were also one of the main scopes of the publisher. "Relay" (Russian: Эстафета) sports story collection was published yearly in 1980—1989. There were sports-related anthologies published:

Book series[edit]

There were several series of biographical books on famous Soviet athletes and sportspeople, including "Heroes of the Olympic Games" (Russian: Герои Олимпийских игр), "World Sport Stars" (Russian: Звёзды мирового спорта), "Hearts, Given Up to Sports" (Russian: Сердца, отданные спорту). For example, in the latter series, books about Shavarsh Karapetyan, Irina Rodnina and Aleksandr Zaytsev, Alevtina Kolchina and Pavel Kolchin, Vladislav Tretiak, Vsevolod Bobrov, Modestas Paulauskas, Mikhail Yakushin and other notable Soviet athletes were published. Many Soviet book series had logos, the one of "Hearts, Given Up to Sports" series was the Olympic Torch. Besides, its special feature was the motto of the series in Russian, that was present inside each book: "Когда серебряные трубы возвещают победу, они зовут на пьедестал не только победителя, они славят СПОРТ: разум и силу, мужество и волю, верность, отвагу и честь; они славят ЛЮДЕЙ, отдавших сердца спорту, зовущих своими делами, своим примером на жизненный подвиг!"[2] A rough translation into English would be:

Magazines[edit]

Apart from books "Fizkultura i sport" published several magazines:

Title Published
since
ISSN Languages Circulation
USSR
Type
Физкультура и спорт
Physical Culture and Sport
1922 0130-5670 ru 425,000 (1977) monthly
Олимпийская панорама
Olympic Panorama
1976 0204-2177 de en es fr ru quarterly
Теория и практика физической культуры
The Theory and Practice of Physical Culture
1925 0040-3601 ru 20,000 (1975) monthly
Спортивные игры
Sporting Games
1955 0131-9604 ru 150,000 (1988) monthly
Лёгкая атлетика
Athletics
1955 0024-4155 ru 100,000 (1973) monthly
Шахматы в СССР
Chess in the USSR
1921 0132-0947 ru 55,000 (1986) monthly
Шахматный бюллетень
Chess Bulletin
1955 0037-3230 ru 28,300 (1989) monthly


References and footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Юдин, А.В. Современное российское учебно-педагогическое книгоиздание [The Modern Russian Educational and Pedagogical Book Publishing] (in Russian). Institute of Open Education MSUPA. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Якушин, Михаил (1988). Вечная тайна футбола [Everlasting Football's Mystery] (in Russian). Moscow: Fizkultura i sport. p. 2.