|Governor of Maranhão|
|Assumed office |
January 1, 2015
|Preceded by||Arnaldo Melo|
February 1, 2007 – February 1, 2011
Flávio Dino de Castro e Costa
April 30, 1968
São Luís, Maranhão
|Political party||PT (1983–1994)|
Daniela Lima (m. 2011)
(m. 1990; div. 2011)
|Profession||Federal judge (1994–2006)|
Flávio Dino de Castro e Costa (born April 30, 1968) is a Brazilian attorney, politician and teacher. A former federal judge, Dino was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 2006, serving a four-year term until 2011, representing the state of Maranhão. He ran for governor of Maranhão in the 2014 election, and was elected. He became the governor of Maranhão on January 1, 2015.
Flávio Dino de Castro e Costa was born in São Luís on April 30, 1968, the son of the lawyers Rita Maria and Sálvio Dino. He studied high school at the Marist College, where he began political life as a student leader. He was approved at the age of 18 for the Law course at the Federal University of Maranhão (UFMA) in 1986, where he held the position of coordinator of the Central Directory of Students (DCE). In 1989, he was one of the coordinators of the youth wing of the campaign of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva to the Presidency of Brazil.
Flavio graduated in bachelor's degree in 1991, shortly after returning to the Federal University of Maranhão this time as a teacher. In the same Dino he acted in the student movement, being that later it came to advise unions of workers.
In the year 1994, he was first approved when he was running for the position of federal judge in a public contest, he held the position of federal judge in Maranhão for 15 years, having dropped out of his professional career in 2006 at age 38 to join Political life, joining the Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB).
From 2000 to 2002, he presided over the National Association of Federal Judges (Ajufe). Later he was secretary general of the National Council of Justice (CNJ). He exerted his first mandate like politician Maranhense, in the position of Deputy Federal by the same state.
In the years 2008 and 2010 he applied for mayor of São Luís and Governor of Maranhão respectively, being defeated in the two elections by his opponents João Castelo (PSDB) in 2008 and Roseana Sarney (PMDB) in 2010.
In 2011, she assumed the presidency of Embratur in the then first term of President Dilma Rousseff (PT).
On February 14, 2012, her 13-year-old younger son died of an asthma attack at Santa Lucia Hospital in Brasilia. The Federal District civilian police are deployed and investigate alleged negligence on the part of the hospital.
In 2014, he was elected in the first round by the Maranhão electorate for the position of State Governor, with 63.52 percent of the valid votes, and later taken to a solemn session at the Legislative Assembly of the state of Maranhão, the ceremony of transmission of the position by the Interim Governor, Arnaldo Melo to Flávio Dino, took place in front of the Palace of Lions, headquarters of the executive power of Maranhão. The presence of national political leaders and the state itself.
Accusations against his management at the head of Embratur
His name was linked to irregularities during his administration in front of Embratur, in which the current direction of the institute denies any accusation and it is pointed out that such slanders were orchestrated in order to manipulate the vote of the Maranhão electorate in the midst of the evident electoral process of the year of 2014, the management of Dino was approved by the General Comptroller of the Union (CGU) as well as by the other control bodies belonging to the Union.
In 2006, Dino was a candidate for federal deputy in Maranhão by the Communist Party of Brazil. He was elected with more than 120 thousand votes (4.3% of the total), being the fourth candidate more voted in the litigation. In the Federal Chamber, he stood out as one of the drafters of the Political Reform project. In 2010, Dino was elected one of the most influential parliamentarians in Brazil by the Inter-Union Department of Parliamentary Advisory (DIAP). He was also elected, for four consecutive years, one of the best parliamentarians of the country by the site Congress in Focus.
Flávio Dino was a candidate for mayor of São Luís in the 2008 elections by the Popular Unity Coalition, being defeated in the second round by former governor João Castelo, of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB), which ruled the state from 1979 to 1982, when was a member of the defunct Social Democratic Party and an ally of José Sarney.
Dino was a candidate for the government of Maranhão by the Muda Maranhão coalition, which counted, in addition to the PCdoB, with the Brazilian Socialist Party and the Popular Socialist Party (PPS). The Workers' Party (PT), which decided in internal election to support Dino's candidacy, was forced by the National Directory to support the re-election of then-Governor Roseana Sarney of the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement who had been leader of the Lula government in the Senate Federal of Brazil. According to a report published by Veja magazine, Sarney's emissaries tried to buy the votes of PT delegates to support the coalition with the PMDB, for values ranging from R $20,000 to R $40,000.
After losing the support of the PT, Flávio Dino had considered forming an alliance with Jackson Lago, but gave up after Jackson's reluctance to give up his own candidacy in favor of the alliance with PCdoB. Despite having lost the support of the PT, Dino was supported by famous government figures in his campaign, such as Sports Minister Orlando Silva, Institutional Relations Minister Alexandre Padilha and the Minister of Justice Luiz Paulo Barreto.
The election in Maranhão is marked by the legal uncertainty of the candidacies of both Roseana Sarney and Jackson Lago. The promulgation of the Clean Sheet Law, months before the lawsuit, put their candidacy in check, since the law vetoes the candidacy of politicians convicted in a collegiate court. Roseana was sentenced in 20,000 reais for early electoral propaganda, comparing works of her administration with that of ex-ally Jose Reinaldo Tavares. Already Lago was sentenced in the Superior Electoral Court for abuse of economic power and purchase of votes. He had as a penalty the annulment of the governor's term, which should make him ineligible for eight years under the new law.
Despite this, they had the registration released by the Regional Electoral Court of Maranhão. The State Electoral Ministry (MPE) of the state has asked to contest Lake's candidacy, while candidate for state deputy Aderson Lago (PSDB) has requested the impugnation of Roseana's candidacy. On September 1, TSE Minister Hamilton Carvalhido filed an appeal contesting Roseana's candidacy. The appeal against Lago still awaits trial. In the last week of campaigning on radio and television, he began to use the "no one cassa" staff in his advertisements, irritating the Lake campaign coordination.
In addition to Roseana being convicted of early electoral propaganda, Flávio Dino's coalition has filed two representations in MPE against the candidate for abuse of political and economic power. According to the lawyer of the coalition, Carlos Eduardo Lula, there are indications that Roseana would have contracted the services of publicist Duda Mendonça even before the beginning of the electoral period. The intention of the coalition of Dino is to provoke an investigation of the MEP that provokes possible action against the liberation of the registry of candidacy or against the expedition of diploma if Roseana is elected.
From August 27 to September 17, 2010, Flávio Dino grew by almost 50% in the survey conducted by IBOPE in the state. It went from 13% to 21% of voting intentions, tying with Jackson Lago in second place. According to a survey by the Constat institute, which was hired by the "Small Journal" and held from September 23 to 26, Dino had 25% of the voting intentions and was more likely to face Governor Roseana Sarney in a possible second round of voting. What a Lago
In a scenario where he faces Roseana in the second round, Dino would be elected with 43% of the vote, against 42% of Roseana. The Constat was, along with Toledo & Associados, the only research institute that predicted a second round in 2006.
There was no second round in that election. Flávio Dino was in second place and Roseana was re-elected in 2010 with 50.08% of the valid votes to exercise another four years, from January 1, 2011 Until December 31, 2014, raising doubts about the smoothness of the process, as suspicions of fraud have surfaced.
In the state elections in 2010, Roseana Sarney was the winner with a tight 50.08% lead in the first round, against her main opponents Flávio Dino (29.49%) and Jackson Lago (19.54%). However, their victory was only facilitated by the high voter abstention (23.97%), the largest in the whole of Brazil and also accusations of irregularities of the candidates during the election, including Roseana herself.
Elected governor of Maranhão in 1994 and re-elected in 1998, Roseana Sarney returned to the Palace of the Lions in 2009 before decision of the Superior Electoral Court and won a new term in 2010. However, the crisis in the Pebble Penitentiary Complex political and administrative wear that prevented the governor from resigning in order to contest a vacancy in the Brazilian Federal Senate and postponed the definition of a name to be supported by the "sarneist" group that has run the state since the 1965 elections and From then on he made the majority of the governors of Maranhão, except for the election of Osvaldo da Costa Nunes Freire by President Ernesto Geisel in 1974, and the victory of Jackson Lake in 2006 thanks to a split between those led by José Sarney.
In the political environment were strong rumors indicating that Luis Fernando Silva, would be the indicated candidate for the succession of Roseana Sarney (PMDB).
The former federal deputy and former president of Embratur, was the candidate of opposition to the government of Maranhão. He was a candidate for government also in 2010, and disputed the city of São Luís in 2008. For the elections in 2014, he obtained alliances with the PSDB and the then presidential Aecio Neves. However, Marina Silva (PSB) also participated in this plaque because of the regional alliance. The federal deputy Carlos Brandão (PSDB) was the candidate for vice governor and then deputy mayor of São Luís, Roberto Rocha (PSB) was the candidate of the plate to the federal senate, with the support of the then mayor of São Luís, Edivaldo Holland Junior (PTC), the mayor of Imperatriz, Sebastião Madeira (PSDB), and other electoral cables. It formed the coalition "Todos por Maranhão", composed by PCdoB, PSDB, PSB, PP, SD, PTC, PPS, PROS and PDT. He supported the re-election of Dilma Rousseff, because some of his local alliances were part of the national coalition, including PCdoB itself.
In the midst of the race for the position of governor of Maranhão in 2014, Edison Lobão Filho in an interview in a program of Radio Mirante, would have offered R $28 thousand for who could denounce and present evidence that incriminated its main opponent in the election Flávio Dino (PCdoB) for crimes such as administrative misconduct, corruption and theft during his term as president of Embratur, according to him, low-slang words were used during the interview by the then pre-candidate comparing his family to that of Its competitor. The accused chose not to respond to the comments, however, the president of the Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB) in the state, Márcio Jerry stated: "The Maranhans expect a clean campaign, with debates and not with lies and aggressions. For Maranhão, a wealthy state but impoverished by bad politics. "
Then senator, Lobinho was the candidate for the government of the state supported by the then governor Roseana Sarney, that had high indices of rejection in Maranhão and in all Brazil. There was Arnaldo Melo, deputy state president of the Legislative Assembly of Maranhão, as a candidate for vice governor, and Gastão Vieira, minister of tourism as a candidate for the federal senate. Although it was "thoroughbred", the coalition "Pra Frente Maranhão" was extensive, and had PRB, PTB, PTB, PSL, PTN, PSC, PR, DEM, PSDC, PRTB, PHS, PMN, PV, PRP, PSD and PT of B, besides the PMDB.
Context and Oligarchy of Clan Sarney
The election of Flávio Dino was symbolic, since it broke with decades of predominance of the family of Jose Sarney on the poorest State of the Country. Since the end of the Era Vargas the Maranhão carried out twelve direct and three indirect elections for the government of the state and in that the Power was exercised by Vitorino Freire until the Military Regime of 1964 and since then by Jose Sarney. Although the two were coreligionists at the time of the PSD, they separated when the latter opted for the National Democratic Union (UDN) and was elected governor in 1965 with the support Of President Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco. Forced to coexist within the National Renewal Alliance, they did not publicly disagree although they led their own wings in the ruling party, but the strength of the "sarneists" became more evident from the moment José Sarney became a senator in Brasilia. In this condition he became national president of the National Renewal Alliance and the Social Democratic Party, although President Ernesto Geisel acted in favor of the "vitorinistas" in 1974 when choosing Osvaldo da Costa Nunes Freire as governor.
Throughout the João Figueiredo government, an alliance between the governor João Castelo and the senator José Sarney, allowing the victory of the Social Democratic Party in 1982 when Luis Rocha was the first resident of the Palace of Lions elected by popular vote in seventeen years. Nevertheless, the articulations inherent to the presidential succession broke up the union, after João Castelo supported Paulo Maluf, while José Sarney joined the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement and was elected vice president of Tancredo Neves. As the new president fell ill and passed away without taking office, the Planalto Palace was in the hands of José Sarney who allied with Epitácio Cafeteira and made governor in 1986 with the record of 81.02 percent of the vote. However, the Sarney's five-year wear and tear motivated an agreement between João Castelo and Epitácio Cafeteira from 1990 when "sarneism" elected Edison Lobão. In 1994 and 1998, Roseana Sarney won the elections, restoring direct control of her family over the state.
Another flank of opposition to José Sarney appeared to the left and was led by Jackson Lago who was elected mayor of São Luís in 1988, 1996 and 2000. Born in Pedreiras and graduated in Medicine, In the Federal University of Maranhão, was elected state deputy by the Brazilian Democratic Movement in 1974 in Maranhão State. With the return to the multiparty system, he organized the PDT in the state and was Secretary of Health in the Epitácio Cafeteira government before being elected three times mayor of the Maranhão capital and disputing the government on two occasions. Elected in the second round, Jackson Lago benefited from the breakup between Senator José Sarney and Governor José Reinaldo Tavares who previously championed Edson Vidigal's candidacy and then contributed to the first defeat of Sarney family in direct elections to the Lions' Palace dispute.
Governor of the State of Maranhão
Flávio Dino (PCdoB) was elected governor of the state of Maranhão, just in the first round of the Brazilian general election with 1,877,064 votes (63.52% of the votes). Dino obtained 881,445 votes more than his opponent Edison Lobão Filho (PMDB), who received 995,619 votes (33.69% of the valid votes). He was the first governor that the Communist Party of Brazil was able to elect in Brazil.
Flávio Dino (PCdoB) received the diploma of Governor of Maranhão from the Regional Electoral Tribunal of Maranhão (TRE-MA) together with his deputy governor-elect, Carlos Brandão (PSDB) on December 19, 2014.
The same person had ascended to the position on January 1, 2015, succeeding Arnaldo Melo (PMDB), in a solemn session in the Legislative Assembly of Maranhão, seat of the legislative power of Maranhão and later he was sent the position in ceremony open to the public in the Palace Of the Lions, in the equinoctial capital.
In the fifteen days before Dino's inauguration, the administrative power instituted until then makes many changes in the structure of the State Government, following the resignation of Roseana Sarney (PMDB). He assumed the president of the Legislative Assembly of Maranhão, since the vice governor Washington also had already resigned to the vice-gobernadoria of the State. During this time, Arnaldo Melo, interim governor and responsible for the transition of power, re-inaugurated the Ginásio Costa Rodrigues (which had already been re-inaugurated by Roseana Sarney prior to her resignation but with unfinished works), and decorated herself and a further 144 personalities with the Medal of the Order of the Timbiras, the largest commendation given to a citizen by a chief of State of maranhense. In addition to having promoted, 28 new officers for the Military Police of the State of Maranhão, without having made public competition. Flávio Dino was sworn in on January 1, 2015, at a public ceremony at the Palace of the Lions.
In 2016, in the midst of the request of President Dilma Rousseff in the Chamber of Deputies of Brazil, the governor of Maranhão, Flávio Dino, launched, Along with other governors, a movement called "Network of Legality", against Dilma Rousseff's process of impeachment. Political leaders intended to use the Internet, more precisely social networks, to defend their opposition to the request. They created the "Coup Never Again" page on Facebook. The name was a reference to the project "Brazil Never Again", which denounced the crimes committed by the military dictatorship against its political opponents. According to the politicians cited, "impeachment" was a coup because the process violated the Constitution. Dilma did not have, according to them, direct participation in crimes of responsibility. Led by Dino, during a meeting with Dilma, sixteen governors signed the "Charter for Legality", contrary to the lawsuit. Later, sixteen mayors of capital joined the governors in that protest.
- "Flávio Dino, do PCdoB, é eleito governador do Maranhão". Eleições 2014 no Maranhão (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-10-05.
- Editorial Team (2014-10-05). "Conheça o perfil de Flávio Dino, governador eleito do Maranhão". Retrieved 2017-07-02.