A flag anthem or national flag anthem is a patriotic song or ode dedicated to a flag, usually one of a country. It is usually either sung or played during or immediately before the raising or lowering of a country's flag during a ceremony. Most countries use their respective national anthems or some other patriotic song for this purpose. However, a few countries, particularly those in Latin America, use a discrete flag anthem for such purposes. Not all countries have flag anthems. Some used them in the past but no longer do, such as Iran, China, and South Africa. Flag anthems can be officially codified in law, or unofficially recognized as such through mere custom and convention. In some countries, the flag anthem may be just another song, and in others, it may be an official symbol of the state almost akin to a second national anthem, as in Taiwan.
Essentially an abridged version of the Italian national anthem played with ruffles and flourishes beforehand and omitting the introductory section. The song concludes where the bridge of the national anthem would otherwise begin. Alternatively known as "Alzabandiera".
The author of the lyrics is disputed, though it is usually attributed to Tai Chi-tao. An alternate title is "Qīngtiānbáirì mǎn dì hóng", which means "The clear blue sky, white sun, and a wholly red ground". This song is played at international sporting events in place of the Taiwanese national anthem. Formerly used as the flag anthem of China from 1937 to 1949.
Unofficial, de facto. The U.S. officially does not have a flag anthem, however the U.S. Marine Corps occasionally plays this song instrumentally prior to raising the U.S. flag during ceremonies, while transporting the flag to the flagpole in what the U.S. military refers to as the "march of the colors". Either the U.S. national anthem or "To the Colors" is played during the actual raising of the flag itself. For indoor ceremonies by the U.S. Army, "National Emblem" is used.
The author of the lyrics is disputed, though it is usually attributed to Tai Chi-tao. An alternate title is "Qīngtiānbáirì mǎn dì hóng", which means "The clear blue sky, white sun, and a wholly red ground". Now used as the flag anthem of Taiwan.