Flag of Angola
This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)
|Adopted||11 November 1975|
|Design||Two horizontal bands of red and black with the Machete and Gear Emblem in the center.|
|Designed by||Henrique de Carvalho Santos|
The national flag of Angola came into use when Angola gained independence on November 11, 1975. It is split horizontally into an upper red half and a lower black half with an emblem resting at the center. It features a yellow half gear wheel crossed by a machete and crowned with a star.
The Angolan flag is based on the flag of the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which fought Portuguese colonial rule and emerged as the ruling party of Angola following the Angolan Civil War. The MPLA flag is similar to the flag of Angola but features a star in place of the central emblem.
The National Flag of the Republic of Angola has two horizontal bands of red and black with the Machete and Gear Emblem in gold in the center consisted of a five pointed-star within a half gear wheel crossed by a machete (resembling the hammer and sickle used on the Soviet flag). As outlined in the Constitution of Angola, the red half of the flag signifies bloodshed – during Angola's colonial period, independence struggle, and in defense of the country. The black half symbolizes Africa. In the central emblem, the gear represents industrial workers and production, the machete represents peasantry, agricultural production and the armed struggle, and the star, shaped like the red star, symbolizes international solidarity and progress. The yellow color of the emblem symbolizes the country's wealth. The Constitution of 1975 described the red stripe as symbolizing bloodshed during the colonial period, national liberation and a revolution – and reference to revolution was replaced with "defense of the country" in the constitution of 1992. In other changes of wording between the 1975 and 1992 versions, the star was changed from a symbol of "internationalism" to "international solidarity," and references to "working class" and "peasant class" were replaced with "workers" and "peasants".
|Pantone||186 C||116 C||Process Black C|
In 2003, a new, more "optimistic" flag was proposed by the Parliament's Constitutional Commission of the National Assembly (Angolan Parliament), but it was not adopted. The sun design in the middle is meant to be reminiscent of cave paintings found in Tchitundo-Hulu cave. The flag maintained the same flag proportions of 2:3.
Flag proposal for the Portuguese overseas province of Angola (1967) – never used.
Flag of the former movement and now governing party MPLA
Flag of UNITA, a former movement and now opposition party in Angola
Presidential standard of Angola
- Flags of the world (2nd ed.). Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books. 2012 . p. 26. ISBN 978-1-77085-157-3.
- Flags: The visual guide to more than 300 flags from around the world. New York City: Dorling Kindersley. 1998. p. 96. ISBN 0-7894-4224-8.
- Hermínio Escórcio: O MPLA tinha um Plano B, mas preferiu pôr de lado. Jornal de Angola. 11 de novembro de 2020.
- Constitution of the Republic of Angola (PDF). Luanda, Angola. 21 January 2010. Annex I.
- Lei Constitucional da República Popular de Angola (PDF) (in Portuguese). 1975. Article 54.
- Constitutional Law of the Republic of Angola (PDF). 1992. Article 162.
- "Símbolos Nacionais da República de Angola: Manual de Normas Gráficas e Protocolares". www.governo.gov.ao. Archived from the original on 2019-09-01. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- "Angola - proposals for a new flag". www.crwflags.com. Retrieved 2017-07-21.